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Historical Undoing. Micah 1-2. Building at Rockefeller Center, New York, Sept. 29, 1932. Historical Undoing. “Therefore I will make Samaria a heap of rubble, a place for planting vineyards. I will pour her stones into the valley and lay bare her foundations’” (1.6);

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historical undoing1
Historical Undoing
  • “Therefore I will make Samaria a heap of rubble, a place for planting vineyards. I will pour her stones into the valley and lay bare her foundations’” (1.6);
    • “Micah’s prophecy announces that, in place of the prospering capital city, vineyards will be planted and the city returned to its previously unsettled condition” (Wolff 1990: 57).
the reason
The Reason
  • “All this is because of Jacob’s transgression, because of the sins of the house of Israel. What is Jacob’s transgression? Is it not Samaria? What is Judah’s high place? Is it not Jerusalem?” (1.5).
the war path
The War Path
  • “All are neighbouring cities; the arc is about twelve miles in length” (Mays 1976: 52).
the enemies perspective
The Enemies’ Perspective
  • As to Hezekiah, the Jew, he did not submit to my yoke, I laid siege to 46 of his strong cities, walled forts and to the countless small villages in their vicinity, and conquered (them)… I drove out (of them) 200,150 people, young and old, make and female, horses, mules, donkeys, camels, big and small cattle beyond counting, and considered (them) booty. Himself I made a prisoner in Jerusalem, his royal residence, like a bird in a cage (ANET…, 288).
the spiritual dimension
The Spiritual Dimension
  • “Look! The LORD is coming from his dwelling place; he comes down and treads the high places of the earth. The mountains melt beneath him and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like water rushing down a slope” (1.3-4; cf. Ps 97.5; Amos 4.13).
punishment for disobedience
Punishment for Disobedience
  • “The LORD will bring a nation against you from far away, from the ends of the earth, like an eagle swooping down, a nation whose language you will not understand” (Deut 28.49);
  • “And I will bring the sword upon you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you, and you will be given into enemy hands” (Lev 26.25).
becoming humble
Becoming Humble
  • “Shave your heads in mourning for the children in whom you delight; make yourselves as bald as the vulture, for they will go from you into exile” (1.16; e.g., Job 1.20; cf. Amos 8.10).
becoming humble1
Becoming Humble
  • “I will weep and wail…I will howl like a jackal and moan like an owl” (1.8aα,b)
  • “I will go about barefoot and naked” (8.aβ).
    • “a symbolic action which means to represent the treat of being taken prisoner” (Wolff 1990: 58; cf. Amos 2.16; Isaiah 20.2-4).
a promised deliverer
A Promised Deliverer
  • Shepherd
    • “I will surely gather all of you, O Jacob; I will surely bring together the remnant of Israel. I will bring them together like sheep in a pen, like a flock in its pasture; the place will throng with people” (2.12; cf. Isa 40.11).
  • King
    • “Their king will pass through before them, the Lord at their head” (2.13; cf. Isa 43.15).


the New Testament

jesus promised deliverer
Jesus = Promised Deliverer
  • Shepherd
    • “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep” (Jn 10.11; cf. 10.14a)
      • “I am the gate for the sheep” (Jn 10.7; cf. Jn 10.9; Mic 1.9, 12; 2.13)
  • King
    • “Pilate asked Jesus, ‘Are you the king of the Jews?’ ‘Yes, it is as you say,’ Jesus replied” (Lk 23.3).
jesus promised deliverer1
Jesus = Promised Deliverer
  • God
    • “Nathanael declared, ‘Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the King of Israel’” (John 1.49);
    • “Thomas said to him, ‘My Lord and my God!’” (John 20.28).
    • Peter: “‘You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.’ Jesus replied, ‘Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven’” (Mt 16.16-17).