CANADA . GEM Canada Report 2013 (Global Entrepre neurship Monitor) Peter Josty Executive Director, The Centre for Innovation Studies (THECIS) Cooper Langford , Faculty Professor, University of Calgary Étienne St-Jean Professor, UQTR, Trois Rivières Calgary, April 9 2014.
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GEM Canada Report 2013
(Global Entrepreneurship Monitor)
Peter Josty Executive Director, The Centre for Innovation Studies (THECIS)
Cooper Langford, Faculty Professor, University of Calgary
Étienne St-Jean Professor, UQTR, Trois Rivières
Calgary, April 9 2014
What is GEM?
World’s largest study of entrepreneurship.
2013 was 15th year
70 countries in 2013
197,000 interviews with individuals
3,800 interviews with experts
Covers 90% of global economy.
Unique: focus on individual, international aspect
Re-joined GEM in 2013, absent since 2003
Study of Canada plus 7 provinces – BC, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Newfoundland.
There will be detailed provincial reports issued later this year.
Purpose of GEM
Better understand the linkages between entrepreneurship and economic development
Three main objectives:
• To measure differences in the level of entrepreneurial activity between countries
• To uncover factors leading to appropriate levels of entrepreneurship
• To suggest policies that may enhance the national level of entrepreneurial activity.
Survey of the adult population – to provide information on entrepreneurial activity.
Survey of experts – to provide information on the context and environment in which entrepreneurship takes place.
Incorporated into a report together with other relevant information from sources such as Statistics Canada, etc.
GEM’s definition of entrepreneurship:
“Any attempt at new business or venture creation, such as self-employment, a new business organization, or the expansion of an existing business, by an individual, a team of individuals or an established business.”
Agenda for today
Entrepreneurial framework conditions
Special topics for 2013
Entrepreneurship by immigrants
Entrepreneurship and well being
Total Entrepreneurial Activity Index (TEA) by age
Special Topic: Youth entrepreneurship – youth preparation for entrepreneurship
Focus Government policies on innovative firms with growth potential.
Use Government procurement to develop young innovative firms.
Reduce red tape to facilitate innovative young firms.
4. Expand education to foster entrepreneurial attitude in K- 12 and post secondary
5. Build a uniquely Canadian innovation strategy.
6. Better understand the relationship between innovation and entrepreneurship.
7. Improve the climate for female entrepreneurs