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CANADA . GEM Canada Report 2013 (Global Entrepre neurship Monitor) Peter Josty Executive Director, The Centre for Innovation Studies (THECIS) Cooper Langford , Faculty Professor, University of Calgary Étienne St-Jean Professor, UQTR, Trois Rivières Calgary, April 9 2014.

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canada

CANADA

GEM Canada Report 2013

(Global Entrepreneurship Monitor)

Peter Josty Executive Director, The Centre for Innovation Studies (THECIS)

Cooper Langford, Faculty Professor, University of Calgary

Étienne St-Jean Professor, UQTR, Trois Rivières

Calgary, April 9 2014

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What is GEM?

World’s largest study of entrepreneurship.

2013 was 15th year

70 countries in 2013

197,000 interviews with individuals

3,800 interviews with experts

Covers 90% of global economy.

Unique: focus on individual, international aspect

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In Canada

Re-joined GEM in 2013, absent since 2003

Study of Canada plus 7 provinces – BC, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Newfoundland.

There will be detailed provincial reports issued later this year.

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Purpose of GEM

Better understand the linkages between entrepreneurship and economic development

Three main objectives:

• To measure differences in the level of entrepreneurial activity between countries

• To uncover factors leading to appropriate levels of entrepreneurship

• To suggest policies that may enhance the national level of entrepreneurial activity.

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CANADA

GEMMethodology

Survey of the adult population – to provide information on entrepreneurial activity.

Survey of experts – to provide information on the context and environment in which entrepreneurship takes place.

Incorporated into a report together with other relevant information from sources such as Statistics Canada, etc.

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CANADA

GEM’s definition of entrepreneurship:

“Any attempt at new business or venture creation, such as self-employment, a new business organization, or the expansion of an existing business, by an individual, a team of individuals or an established business.”

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Agenda for today

Entrepreneurial attitudes.

Entrepreneurial activity

Entrepreneurial aspirations

Entrepreneurial framework conditions

Special topics for 2013

Entrepreneurship by immigrants

Youth entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship and well being

Provincial summary

Recommendations

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Total Entrepreneurial Activity Index (TEA) by age

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Gender comparisons

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Special topic:

Entrepreneurship by immigrants

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Recommendations

CANADA

Focus Government policies on innovative firms with growth potential.

Use Government procurement to develop young innovative firms.

Reduce red tape to facilitate innovative young firms.

4. Expand education to foster entrepreneurial attitude in K- 12 and post secondary

5. Build a uniquely Canadian innovation strategy.

6. Better understand the relationship between innovation and entrepreneurship.

7. Improve the climate for female entrepreneurs

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CANADA

Thankyou.

Peter Jostyp.josty@thecis.ca

Cooper Langford

chlangfo@ucalgary.ca

Étienne St-Jean

etienne.st-jean@uqtr.ca