Read Chap 8. Review all notes & diagrams. Finish the last slide – the six types of synovial joints. Chap 8 Joints Pgs.155-174. Learning Objectives: Explain an articulation (joint). Classify joints based on structure and function. Describe their characteristics.
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Read Chap 8. Review all notes & diagrams. Finish the last slide – the six types of synovial joints.
Explain an articulation (joint).
Classify joints based on structure and function. Describe their characteristics.
Demonstrate common body movements.
Identify and describe the main joints of the elbow, knee, hip, and shoulder.
Explain the basis of common joint injuries such as rotator cuff injury.
An articulation is also known as a _________.
What are sutures (as in the coronal suture)?
1. sutures (Example: seams in the skull)
2. syndesmoses (bones connected by
____________) Example: ligament connecting the distal ends of the tibia and fibula
3. gomphoses (____ -in-socket type of fibrous joint) Example: peridontal ligament
1. synchondroses – bar or plate of cartilage
(Example: immoveable joint between the
coastal cartilage of the first rib and
2. symphyses – articular surfaces of bones covered with hyaline cartlage which in turn is fused to a __________ pad (or plate) of ______________.
Example: intervertebral joints
Those joints in which the articulating bones are separated by a ____________ joint cavity.
All are _______ movable
Examples – all limb joints, and most joints of the body
1. ________ – attachment to the immovable bone
2. _________ – attachment to the movable bone
There are also 3 general types of movements: _______, _______, and rotation
One flat bone surface _______ or slips over another similar surface
Examples – intercarpal and intertarsal joints, and between the flat articular processes of the vertebrae
Using pages 161-163 as a guide name, describe and site examples of the six types of synovial joints: