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PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS PowerPoint Presentation
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PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS
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  1. PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS

  2. WHAT IS ABNORMAL? • PAST-MENTALLY ILL • POSSESSED • PUT IN HOSPITALS • DOROTHY DIX-TREAT SICK • LACK OF UNDERSTANDING

  3. MENTAL DISORDER • MENTAL DISORDERS NOT SAME AS ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR • MENTAL DISORDER • DISRUPTS EVERYDAY BAHAVIOR

  4. CRITERIA FOR DEFINING MENTAL DISORDER • VIOLATION OF CULTURAL STANDARDS • CULTURES VARY • TABOOS • MALADPTIVE BEHAVIOR • HARMFUL FOR THE INDIVIDUAL OR SOCIETY

  5. DSM • DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICALMANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS (DSM) • 900 PAGES • LISTS 300 MENTAL DISORDERS • DEFINE AND CATEGORIZE

  6. CRITICISM OF DSM • EVERYONE HAS A MENTAL PROBLEM • ADHD-MESSY, RESTLESS, TROUBLE CONCENTRATING • 80-90-ALL ADHAD ARE BOYS • OVER USING DSM • BOYS BEING BOYS

  7. ANXIETY DISORDERS • UNCONTROLABLE FEAR AND WORRY, • BROUGHT ON BY EXTERNAL FACTORS • JOB • MARRIAGE • MONEY

  8. POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) • SUFFER FROM • WAR • RAPE • RELIVE THE EXPERIENCE THROUGH FLASHBACKS • PANIC DISORDER (ATTACKS) SUDDEN INTENSE FEAR • LAST SEVERAL MINUTES/HOURS • DRUGS, DIET, CAUSES

  9. FEARS AND PHOBIAS • EXAGGERATED FEAR OF A SPECIFIC SITUATION • ACTIVITY • THING • LEARNED THROUGH EARLIER EVENTS IN LIFE • FEAR IS NOT A PHOBIA

  10. TREATMENT OF PHOBIA’S • SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION INTRODUCE STIMULI TO RECEIVE NEW RESPONSE • GRADUALLY BECOME FAMILIAR WITH OBJECT

  11. FLOODING • PERSON IS SURROUNDED BY CAUSE OF PHOBIA • SNAKES-DUMPED ON IND. • “FEAR FACTOR” T.V. SHOW • DANGEROUS • CAUSE TRAMAU • EVEN DEATH

  12. MODELING • LEARN BEHAVIOR BY WATCHING SOMEONE ELSE WHO IS COMFORTABLE WITH IT • WATCH OTHER HANDLE SNAKES • SESAME STREET • DENTIST • KIDS T.V.

  13. SOCIAL PHOBIA • IND. CAN NOT FUNCTION IN SOCIAL SETTING • SPEAKING IN PUBLIC • MEETING NEW PEOPLE • CROWDS • THERAPY • MEDICATION

  14. PHOBIAS • CLAUSTROPHOBIA-SMALL PLACES • ACROPHOBIA-HEIGHTS • AGORAPHOBIA-BUSY STREETS • AROCHNOPHOBIA-SPIDERS • PHOBIA FOR ALMOST ANYTHING

  15. OBSESSIONS AND COMPULSIONS • OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER-OCD-PERSISTENT THOUGHTS OR IMAGES THAT HAVE TO BE CARRIED OUT IN ORDER TO AVOID DISASTER • HANDWASHING • COUNTING • TOUCHING • CHECKING • NOT A SUPERSTITION

  16. DEPRESSION AND MANIA • DEPRESSION-EMOTIONAL & PHYSICAL CHANGES • DISRUPT AN INDIVIDUALS USUAL FUNCTIONING • EXTENDED PERIOD OF TIME

  17. MANIA • EXTREME HIGH • PUMPED UP • OUT OF CONTROL • OPPOSITTE OF DEPRESSION

  18. BIPOLAR DISORDER • EXPERIENCE EPISODES OF BOTH EXTREME DEPRESSION AND MANIA • EXTENDED PERIODS OF TIME • NOT MOODY • VIOLENT • THERAPY AND MEDICATION

  19. ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITYSERIAL KILLER • PSYCOPATHS-LACK EMOTIONS THAT LINK HUMANS TOGETHER • LACK SHAME, • REMORESE & GUILT • MIDDLE-AGED WHITE MEN • OFTEN CHARMING

  20. CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY • BITING/HITTING BY 4 • SHOPLIFING AGE –10 • DRUGS - STEALING BY AGE 16 • ROBBERY /RAPE BY 22 • NOT INTIMIDATED BY PUNISHMENT • VICTIMS OF ABUSE • CAUSED BY HEAD INJURIES

  21. DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER • MULTIPLE PERSONALITY • SEVRAL DISITNCT PERSONALITIES • CAUSED BY CHILD ABUSE • PSYCHOSYMATIC-NOT REAL • “SYBIL” “THREE FACES OF EVE”

  22. NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY • SELF-IMPORTANCE AND FANTASY ABOUT UNLIMITED SUCCESS • BETTER THAN EVERYON ELSE • EXPECT CONSTANT PRAISE AND ADMIRATION • INCAPABLE FOR CARING FOR ANYONE ELSE

  23. SCHIZOPHRENIA • A PSYCHOTIC DISORDER • LOOSE TOUCH WITH REALITY • DIFICULT TO DIAGNOSE • SYMPTONS VARY

  24. SYMPTONS • BIZZARE DELUSIONS • HULLICINATIONS • VOICES • INNAP. BEHAVIOR • SLURRED SPEECH • SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL

  25. DRUG ABUSE • WHAT IS IT? • IMPACT IND. IN NEGATIVE WAY • LOOSE OF JOB • FAMILY • FRIENDS • ARRESTS AND CONFLICTS

  26. ALCOHOLISM • 1960- IDENTIFIED AS A DISEASE • TREATMENT AVAILABLE • IS THERE A CURE

  27. TYPE I. BEGINS IN ADULTHOOD NOT ASSOC. WITH GENETICS TYPE II ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR VIOLENCE/CRIME CAN NOT PROVE THAT IT IS GENETIC TYPES OF ALCOHOLICS

  28. LEARNING MODEL • VARY ACCORDING COUNTRY AND UPBRINGING • EUROPE ACCEPTED • AMERICA-PROBLEM

  29. A.A. • BILL W. • 12 STEP PROGRAM • DRUNKS OPENLY SPEAK • SUPPORT • 24/7/365 DAYS A YEAR

  30. ALWAYS AN ADDICT? • CAN FORMER ADDICTS OR ALCOHOLICS DRINK SOCIALLY? • AA-50% DROPOUT • TEACH DRINK RESPONSIBLY

  31. CHILDHOOD DISORDERS • ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER • CHILD -LACK FOCUS AND ATTENTION • MAJORITY BOYS • FIDGETY AND IMPULSIVE • SCHOOL DIFICULT • DRUGS-HELP CHILD FOCUS

  32. AUTISM • DISTANT FROM PARENTS • OWN WORLD • AWKWARD SPEECH • REPEAT WORDS • INCONCLUSIVE CAUSE • IMMUNIZATIONS • HEREDITY

  33. INSANITY DEFENSE • IS IT JUST TO PUNISH MENTALLY INSANE • INSANE-PROLONGED ILLNESS • NOT AWARE OF ACTIONS AT TIME • CAN THEY STAND TRIAL • WHO DECIDES IF THEY ARE INSANE?