Understanding Brazilian Agriculture through Dissipative Inclusion. Bernardo Mueller – University of Brasilia. Brazil has an uncanny knack to not do what we expect it to do. Outline of the talk :. Three ‘amazing’ examples from Brazilian agriculture. Is it some kind of exceptionalism ?
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Bernardo Mueller – University of Brasilia
The Political Economy of Land Reform in Brazil 9, dez. 2009
Land Reform Policy in Brazil: The Informational Role of the Landless Peasants' Movement
Lee J. Alston and Bernardo Mueller (2012)
“No one would have bet ... I would not have bet in the year 2000 that the deforestation rate would decline after 2004 by 84%.”
environmentalism understanding ...
Beliefs understanding ..., Leadership, and CriticalTransitions: Brazil 1964-2014Lee J. AlstonUniversity of Colorado and NBERMarcus MeloFederal University of PernambucoBernardo MuellerUniversity of BrasiliaCarlos PereiraFGV – Rio de Janeiro
Brazil understanding ...: Beliefs, Leadershipand Development 1960-2014
Belief: understanding ...
Sustainable Social Inclusion
Changes in the Social Contract in Brazil understanding ...
Fonte: Federal social spending data for 1995 to 2009 from Ipea (2011). Data for 1980, 1985 and 1990 calculated using estimates of total (federal, state and municipal social spending) and estimates of % federal in Ipea (2009: 42-44). Using the estimates in Ipea (2009) to calculate the spending for 1995 and 2005 matches closely the data in Ipea (2011) so the numbers for 1980-1990 seem to be reasonably comparable. Gini data from Ipeadatahttp://www.ipeadata.gov.br/.
Changes in Social Class Structure in Brazil understanding ...
Fonte: Neri (2012) using data from PNAD/IBGE. The definition of each class relates to people in a family with per capita monthly income equal to (in Reais of July 2011) : Class E – 0 to 1085; Class D – 1085 to 1734; Class C - 1734 to 7475; Class B – 7475 to 9745; Class A – 9745 and above.
Evolution of the Minimum Wage understanding ...
900 thousand families received land.
87 million hectares redistributed.
18 thousand rural conflicts.
Insecurity of property rights.
No rental market.
Biased labor legislation.
Protects workers from exploitation.
Gives workers greater bargaining power.
Makes labor markets inflexible.
Affirmative action in universities
Access to education.
Impacts on educational quality.
Participatory institutions: councils (education, environment, water basins, etc), participatory budget, etc
Gives stakeholders a voice in matters that affect their lives.
Gridlock and indecisiveness.
Brazilian GDP per capita Growth Relative to the Rest of the World
Source: Data for 1950-2007 from Heston, Summers and Aten (2009), constant 2005 prices (RGRGDPCH). Data for 2008-2010 from IMF (2010).