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Post Classical Civilizations:. The Caliphates. The Caliphates. Umayyad Dynasty 661-750 Founded by Mu’awiyah Battle of Tours Built powerful state Sunni/Shiite split. The Caliphates. Abbasid Dynasty Founded by Harun al-Rashid Equality among all Muslims Urban civilization

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the caliphates
The Caliphates
  • Umayyad Dynasty
    • 661-750
    • Founded by Mu’awiyah
    • Battle of Tours
    • Built powerful state
    • Sunni/Shiite split
the caliphates1
The Caliphates
  • Abbasid Dynasty
    • Founded by Harun al-Rashid
    • Equality among all Muslims
    • Urban civilization
    • Baghdad- captured by Seljuk Turks in the 11th century.
golden age of muslim culture
Golden Age of Muslim Culture
  • In 1095, Muslims began fighting a war with Christians over control of the Holy Land, known as the Crusades.
arab cultural achievements
Arab Cultural Achievements
  • Mathematics—geometry, algebra, numbers
  • Arts and Crafts—geometric designs, flowers, and stars.
  • Medicine— IbnSina discovered that blood moves to and from the heart.
arab cultural achievements1
Arab Cultural Achievements
  • Literature- IbnRushd, House of Wisdom (library)
  • Architecture—Muslim rulers built beautiful palaces and mosques
the ottomans
The ottomans
  • 1453, captured Constantinople and renamed it Istanbul
  • Empire was located between Europe and Asia
  • Suleiman the Magnificent ruled the Ottoman Empire during its height
the ottomans1
The ottomans
  • Sultan (ruler) governed as an absolute ruler
  • Army was made up of Janissaries- soldiers recruited at childhood
the safavids
The safavids
  • Islamic empire in Persia
  • Opposed to Ottomans
  • Shi’ite Muslims
  • Ruler was known as a shahs
  • Known for beautiful palace carpets
the mughals
The Mughals
  • Empire founded by Babur
  • Used guns to control their empire (Gunpowder Empire)
  • Akbar the Great- most famous ruler
    • Promoted religious tolerance
    • Encouraged learning, painting, music, and literature
  • ShaJahan- built the TajMahal
sikhism
sikhism
  • Religion that combines elements of Hinduism and Islam
  • Belief in 1 god
  • God can be known through meditation
  • Equality before god
  • Eat little, sleep little, talk little
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