PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP WITHIN THE SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS FRAMEWORK
It is a private non-profit institution with public interest. It was founded as an Advisory Council in 1994. It is a plural and diverse institution run by a board composed by public personalities with different backgrounds. The Foundation is supported by private and public sectors.
Has allowed thousands of people and their families to overcome poverty and to avoid falling under the poverty line again. SOCIAL PROTECTION Social protection it is not exclusively a governmental approach. It implies an outlook that should trespass all society. Non profit civil society and profit organizations are called to collaborate in this task and to complement actions coming from the State.
PROCESS OF POVERTY ERADICATION Assets Resources EDUCATION GOVERNMENT Human HEALTH WORK Structure of Opportunities Social HOUSING Family without poverty Family in poverty INCOME Physical PARTICIPATION JUSTICE Monetary CONNECTIVITY Assets Resources PRIVATE SECTOR CIVIL SOCIETY TO SECURE THIS LINKS AND FLOWS
To eradicate poverty sustainably over time, together with growth and economic development, it is necessary to assure people, families, and communities access to a basic, complete, enabling, and synergistic Structure of Opportunities • To that end, minimum social guarantees seek to integrate people living in poverty (both material and symbolic) in order to experience: • A long, healthy life. • Continuous, quality education. • A decent, integrated habitat. • More and better job opportunities. • All of the above should not depend on the nature of the supplier (private or public).
They empower the holders/beneficiaries. • They prioritize social spending and require agreement on sources and scale. • They significantly reduce administrative discretionality in the application of social policies. • It facilitates social control and accountability. • Their application is immediate (or short-term to enter into effect). • They are stable over time (as a result of broad political-social agreement not just from Executive branch, also from Legislative branch and civil society). Social Protection Policies through Social Guarantees
PARTNERSHIPS SHOULD HAPPEN OVER ALL THE POLITICAL CYCLE FORMULATION IMPLEMENTATION EVALUATION OF GUARANTEED SOCIAL PROTECTION POLICIES IN EDUCATION PARTICIPATION WORK HEALTH HOUSING INCOME
Since former President´s Frei government there has been a formalization of debate and larger proposal spaces denominated Advising Councils and Dialogue Commissions in order to head reforming processes. President Bachelet fostered and improved such mechanisms in Chile that led to major policy reforms, with the participation of business people, academics, representatives of the not-for-profit civil society, policy makers and so forth. The former, in areas such as: infancy, education, work, social protection, higher education, etc. Its role has always been to discuss and propose actions towards strengthening the social protection system in each specific area. POLICY FORMULATION
It has allowed: • To make guaranteed social protection policies not only a governmental issue but one coming from major areas of society. • To formalize and to make transparent the political and social dialogue. • To take advantage of reflection and know-how from different sectors of society to foster innovation and to increase policy impact. • To deliver higher degrees of legitimacy and stability to measures. • To strength democratic governance. PUBLIC-PRIVATE POLICY FORMULATION
POLICY IMPLEMENTATION Under this perspective Chile has structured a good and service social provision framework of a public-private nature within education, health, housing, social and security provision areas. The development of different demand oriented subsidies encouraged private agents to deliver goods and services towards lower income sectors. Nonetheless, in later years major reforms have been introduced in that direction (Health, Social Protection, Education).
PUBLIC-PRIVATE POLICY IMPLEMENTATION • It has allowed: • To create major opportunities in shorter periods of time. • Greater capacities to adapt plans and programs to reflect regional, cultural and socio-economic diversities. • Take advantage of civil society and corporate world own resources and assets for public interests.
POLICY EVALUATION Programs evaluations are usually performed by consultants external to the government and by experts selected within specialists from civil society. However, we do have challenges in this area. There is a need to structure autonomous instances with different political representation in charge of monitoring and evaluation. We also need to deepen accountability mechanisms.
It has allowed: • To monitor processes and results. • To update and improve social guaranteed policies. • To deliver timely information to users. PUBLIC-PRIVATE POLICY EVALUATION
CIVIL SOCIETY PRIVATE SECTOR STATE TO GUARANTEE ACCESS TO PROTECTION PROGRAMS CROSS-SECTORAL PARTNERSHIP IS A FEASIBILITY VARIABLE OF SOCIAL PROTECTION POLICIES, ESPECIALLY WITHIN INCOME RESTRICTIVE CONTEXTS.
Agree on content of other social rights. • Social-State agreement for institutionality. • Public and autonomous entities for monitoring and observation of results. • Participation of holders in design and evaluation of policies. • Conform an inter-american network in which all sectors are active participants in public policies construction for social protection. Thus strengthening democratic governance in the region. CHALLENGES