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A Case Study on the Teacher Education Curriculum to Promote the Quality Teaching and Learning Utilizing ICT and its Related Technologies. Fumihiko SHINOHARA Tokyo Gakugei University Tokyo, Japan. Prepared and presented at the International Conference on
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Tokyo Gakugei University
Prepared and presented at the International Conference on
the IMPACTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON QUALITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION
SEAMEO RETRAC, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
June 20-21 2013
The author is here;
as an Japanese, a teacher education university academic staff ensured in principle autonomous activities under the umbrella of National University Corporation, a researcher majored physics and educational methods, and a man with strong will to involve and contribute national and ‘Global’ or ‘Transnational’ educational reform.
The process of increasing the connectivity and interdependence of the world business and trades, and moreover of thoughts and ideas as well. This process has been accelerated dramatically in the last few decades as technological progress make it easier for ‘Ordinary’ people to travel, communicate, and carry out business as entrepreneurs internationally and more wided locally.
Two major recent driving forces include advancement in telecommunications infrastructure represented by the growth of ICT and multimedia with the Internet.
In general, as economies become more connected to other social and cultural activities, they have increased opportunity but also increased ‘Competition,’ while the competitive environment includes the right to ‘Choice’ with careful consideration about the equality and equity.
Thus, as globalization becomes a more and more common feature of world economics, education became no more an exception both in the developed and developing countries as discussed in the ‘Education at a Glance - OECD Indicators -’ by OECD and in ‘Education: beyond 2015’ by UNESCO.
In this context, based on the educational aims and purposes generally formulated by one of the education related stakeholders, governments, we university academic staff need to examine educational environment to prepare quality educational systems, including specified educational objectives and contents, for the future citizens under the spirit ‘Think Globally, Act locally’ to publish the salient research results.
Five dimensions of education quality are recognized by UNICEFF (2000) and UNESCO (2004); namely
(1) Learner, (2) Environment, (3) Context,
(4) Priorities, and (5) Outcomes.
All, defined as general forms, are founded on the rights of the whole child and of all children, enabling them to survive and be protected, and providing for their development and participation.
In practical teaching-learning situations the indicators of the ‘Quality’ will be changed:
Taking an example in the Japanese ‘Course of Study,’ Guideline of developing textbooks to sell and at the same time Guideline for school teachers to have to develop their own curriculum by school teachers, it is clearly realized.
○PISA 2003 survey showed significant decline in reading literacy
PISA 2000 Survey
PISA 2003 Survey
＜Top group led by Finland＞
Score of 522
(8th of 32 countries)
to the OECD average＞
Score of 498
(14th of 41 countries)
Score of 534
(6th of 41 countries)
Score of 557
(1st of 32 countries)
Score of 548
(2nd of 41 countries)
Score of 550
(2nd of 32 countries)
*1Comparison of the results of common regions of 2000 and 2003
○Poor at reading and interpreting materials and information and connecting them to one’s own knowledge and
○Poor at clearly writing what one wishes to express
○Poor ability to connect and utilize knowledge in various situations
Improvement of Learning Content
Overall logic problems
○High percentage of being in the lower ranks when compared to the top countries
○Lack of a guidance system for students requiring support and guidance
○Lack of interest and hesitant attitude towards learning
Improvement of the Educational System
The top subject term is ‘Attitudes,’ while the leading topic is ‘Technology Integration,’ though these findings may be reflected by the scope and mission of journals examined, and moreover both of them have been pointed out at least since 2003.
Needs to Visual Literacy incl. development
‘Knock on a stone bridge and cross it.’
learning will/desire, mind to pursue
fostering learner’s interest and curiosity
instruct vs. nurture
(B.F. Skinner) (C. Rogers)
….. Effects on the emotions
- United Nations -
http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/ (accessed on 16 June 2013)
the UN System’s Work on
http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ (accessed on 16 June 2013)
http://www.globalissues.org/ (accessed on 16 June 2013)
Present Course ‘Special Lecture and Practices of Educational Media Produce’ is newly developed for the second semester of the 3rd year students, who are assumed to complete several required subjects such as;
1. the ‘Introduction to Educational Professions,’
2. the ‘Information Processing,’
3. the ‘School Education and Information,’
4. the ‘Lecture on Educational Management,’
5. the ‘Introduction to Clinical Education,’
6. the ‘Lecture and Demonstration on the Educational
Observations and Experiments,’ and
7. the ‘Lecture on the Contents and Methods in Primary Education,’ while students are highly requested to learn the course ‘Lecture and Demonstration on Educational Technology’ offered as one of the electives in the 1st semester for the 3rd year students.
1.DocumentationMS Word2.Education statisticsMS Excel
4.PresentationMS PowerPoint, Macromedia Captivate
5. Idea processing or Mind-MappingFreeMind
6.Authoring softwareMS Word, Macromedia Director, Macromedia Authorware,
Macromedia Dreamweaver, Adobe Flash, Adobe inDesign
7.Audio and video image editing with storyboarding MS Moviemaker, Photo Story2 or 3,
Photo Flash Maker, MuveeautoProducer(VideoMagic), Any
Video Converter, DVD Fab Decripter、Adobe Premiere
8. Still image processingMS Paintbrush, Gimp (for raster format), Inkscape (for Vector format),
Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator
9. Animation Blender for 3DAnime and modeling, Giam for gif-animation
Retro Music Editor, BatchWOO!
13. Video conferencingSkype, Yahoo messenger
14. Packing on CD/DVD/BD imgBurn
*) Encourage students to cultivate logical thinking and writing skill
*) By the simplified Kirpatrick’s Evaluation Form