Simply Sewing Basic Elements of Fabric Fibers Henry Lee Video Questions Classroom Rules Hand Sewing Essentials Machine Sewing Essentials
Fabrics & Fibers Natural Synthetic/Manufactured Cotton Wool Silk Ramie Linen Advantages/Disadvantages Rayon Acrylic Polyester Acetate Nylon Advantages/Disadvantages
How Clothing is Made • Video Questions – Henry-Lee Manufacturers *Copy for comprehension during viewing. . . • The clothing design process at Henry-Lee begins with what process? • Creating a first sample is the job of whom? • Who is the design pattern made by? • The process of sizing the pattern to offer different sizes at the stores is called what? • What is a marker?
How Clothing is Made -- Answers • Video Questions – Henry-Lee Manufacturers • The clothing design process at Henry-Lee begins with what process? An interesting fabric • Creating a first sample is the job of whom? Designer • Who is the design pattern made by? Pining muslin fabric pieces to a form and cutting a flat pattern from paper • The process of sizing the pattern to offer different sizes at the stores is called what? Grading • What is a marker? A paper guide showing how to cut the pattern pieces from the fabric
Fabrics Terms • Fibers • Yarns • Bolt • Grain • Types: Lengthwise/Crosswise • Selvage • Raw Edges • Finished Edge • Napped • Bonded • Knit • Woven • Plain Weave • Satin Weave • Nonwoven
What is wrong with this picture?? • Answers - http://www.joblack59.com/FCS/safety/002A.html
Hand Sewing Terms • Threading a needle • Overcast Stitch • Straight(Running) Stitch • Slip(Hem) Stitch • Button • Snap • Tie-off • Seam • Right/Wrong Sides • Hand Sewing Demo Video Link http://www.monkeysee.com/play/2144-how-to-sew-by-hand
Tips for Threading a Needle • If you are unable to see the eye of the needle, place a contrasting color behind the needle. • Coating the thread with bees wax will strengthen and stiffen the thread. • Use the proper needle for the project.
Sewing a Button on Fabric • 1. • 2. Add a pin for space. • 3. Remove pin and whip. • 4. Needle through base on right side to wrong side for tying off.
Sewing a Snap • http://on.aol.com/video/how-to-sew---snaps-140618164
Notions – Hand & Machine Sewing There are FIVE categories of Notions, or Tools. They are the following: • Cutting • Sewing • Marking • Measuring • Pressing • http://www.joblack59.com/FCS/Notions/003/categories.html This webpage will give you details with pictures of the notions within each of the five categories. Complete the worksheet using this link.
Machine Parts Interactive Research • Use this link to explore the different parts of the machine. The example machine is not ours, but very similar in many ways. • http://www.joblack59.com/FCS/machine/front.html • You must be able to determine the purpose for the following terms: • Bobbin cover plate - • Spool pin - • Presser foot - • Reverse stitch lever - • Stitch length dial -
More Machine Sewing Terms • Needle Stitch Plate • Feed Dog • System • Presser Foot • Bobbin Case • Spool Pin • Upper thread tension • Presser Foot lifter • Thread take up lever • Hand wheel • Complete the worksheet to add these terms to the machine diagram.
Threading the Machine - The NeedleThreading the machine is one the most crucial parts of sewing. Most sewing machine problems are a result of incorrect threading. If the machine is not threaded correctly, the sewing machine will not sew. Threading the Machine • Lick fingers and run over the eye of the needle and the end of the thread. • Tip: Thread the needle from the front to the back. Changing the Needle • Show students how to change the needle if it becomes bent, broken or dull. • Lower the presser foot. • Unscrew the needle from the needle shaft. Hold onto the needle as you do this. • Remove the old needle and throw it away. • Replace with a new needle. The flat side of the needle always goes towards the back of the machine. • Make sure the needle is all the way in; tighten the screw down
Threading the Machine - Bobbin . Winding the Bobbin • Need a thread spool and bobbin. • Disengage the hand wheel. • Put thread on the spool pin, and the bobbin on the bobbin winder. • Follow the arrows on the machine to thread the bobbin. • Lock the bobbin into place on the bobbin winder. • Wind the bobbin. • Re-engage the hand wheel. • Unlock the bobbin. The bobbin and bobbin case • Put the bobbin in the bobbin case clockwise. When you pull on the thread, the bobbin will turn clockwise. • Thread it through the bobbin case. The teacher needs to check everyone off at this point. • Put the bobbin case into the machine; you will hear it click into place. • Demonstrate how to pull bobbin thread up.