anticipating the future of distance learning
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Anticipating the Future of Distance Learning

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 33

Anticipating the Future of Distance Learning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Anticipating the Future of Distance Learning. The 21st Century. James L. Morrison Professor of Educational Leadership UNC-Chapel Hill. TODAY. The 21st Century. Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century. The changing environment Technology and learning Where are we? What are the issues?.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Anticipating the Future of Distance Learning' - hammer

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
anticipating the future of distance learning
Anticipating the Future of Distance Learning

The 21st Century

James L. Morrison

Professor of Educational Leadership

UNC-Chapel Hill


The 21st Century

teaching and learning in the 21st century
Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century
  • The changing environment
  • Technology and learning
  • Where are we?
  • What are the issues?
Students can no longer prepare bark to calculate problems. They depend instead on expensive slates. What will they do when the slate is dropped and breaks?

Teacher’s Conference, 1703

Students depend on paper too much. They no longer know how to write on a slate without getting dust all over themselves. What will happen when they run out of paper?

Principal’s Association Meeting, 1815

Students depend too much upon ink. They no longer know how to use a knife to sharpen a pencil.

National Association of Teachers, 1907

Students depend too much on store bought ink. They don’t know how to make their own. What will happen when they run out?

Rural American Teacher, 1928

the changing environment
The Changing Environment
  • Globalization
  • Economic restructuring
  • Need for up-to-date, college trained, workforce; for continuous retraining
  • Exploding clientele
  • Changing clientele
    • Older, working, raising children
    • Takes longer to get degree
    • Concern for cost
percent of firms downsizing by business category
Percent of Firms Downsizing by Business Category

Source: Chicago Tribune, August 21, 1995

from 1980 to 1994 the u s contingent workforce temps self employed consultants increased 57

From 1980 to 1994, the U.S. contingent workforce—temps, self-employed, consultants—increased 57%


Today, 65% of all workers use some type of information technology in their jobs. By 2000, this will increase to 95%.

constant training retraining job hopping and even career hopping will become the norm

Constant training, retraining, job-hopping, and even career-hopping will become the norm.

the enrollment pipeline
The Enrollment Pipeline

High School Graduates, 1979-2004

(millions of students)



We Are Here!














source: WICHE

  • Tomorrow (2000)
  • 672 new campuses
  • 20 million new learners
  • $235b to build
  • $217b/year to operate
  • Today
  • 3,613 institutions
  • 16 million students
  • $156b in operations
  • Workforce Statistics
  • 141 million workers
  • 1/7 require 7 credit equivalents/year

Source: Michael Dolence AACRAO 1997

supply and demand
Supply and Demand

Demand for Education









Resources Available


the changing environment1
The Changing Environment
  • Self Service and Convenience
  • No longer school - work - retire model
  • Massive Expansion of Potential Students
    • Immigration continues to exceed births
    • Older Citizens
    • Continuing professional/occupational education
the changing environment2
The Changing Environment
  • New competition in higher education
    • Old-line institutions have discovered satellites and the Internet
    • Traditional “service areas” fair game for all
    • New for-profit educational providers
  • Certification monopoly at risk
    • employers concerned about competency
    • employers relying less on diplomas
  • Outcomes assessment coming on line--Western Governors University
  • College costs exceeding inflation--concern for ROI
  • Cyber-Universities
    • 1993: 93
    • 1997: 762
  • Magellan University
  • College Connection
  • Education Network of Maine
  • Colorado Electronic Community College
  • Coastline Community College
  • University College of Maryland
  • California Virtual University
  • Western Governors University
technological tools
Technological Tools
  • The Internet/e-mail
  • WWW
  • Productivity tools (e.g., Microsoft Office)
  • Videodisks
  • CD ROM
  • Video-conferencing
learning children are
Learning: Children Are
  • learning machines
  • excited by learning, exploring
  • eager to try new things
  • not self-conscious about failure
  • not depressed about how they are progressing
  • willing to experiment, to reflect
  • are trying to do something rather than to know something
  • are learning by doing
  • control their learning by using an adult to guide them through new areas of investigation—one-on-one assistance, as-needed basis
natural learning
Natural Learning
  • occurs when the person really wants to know something
  • not compatible with lockstep classrooms, rigid curricula, or measurable by multiple choice tests
  • When information enters memory that in no way relates to goals that the possessor of the information may want to accomplish, it is quickly forgotten because there is no meaningful place for it to reside.
  • Learning is driven by the natural need to do
  • Knowing is driven by doing
  • Children learn facts because they have the need to know them, because these facts will help them do something they want to do
public school
Public School
  • learn what someone else wants them to learn—teacher and curriculum goals
  • no longer learn because they want to
  • emphasis on rote learning, standardized curriculum
  • success: not being able to do, but being able to function within the system
  • In school, knowing becomes uncoupled from doing
“Your instructional system is driven by teaching rather than by learning, by the needs of professors rather than students.”Sir John S. Daniel, 1997

“…with good learning materials, effective networks, and proper support, students can learn better at home than in class.”

Sir John Daniel, 1997

which approach
Which Approach?
  • Individual learning primarily via asynchronous communication
  • Group teaching via synchronous communication
  • Role of professor
  • Time
    • From course topic
    • From students
    • From teachers
  • Plagiarism
  • Unreliable sources