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William Glasser

William Glasser. “If everyone could learn that what is right for me does not make it right for anyone else, the world would be a much happier place.” Choice Theory Non-Coercive Discipline. William Glasser . Biography . Born in 1925 in Cleveland, Ohio

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William Glasser

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  1. William Glasser “If everyone could learn that what is right for me does not make it right for anyone else, the world would be a much happier place.” Choice Theory Non-Coercive Discipline

  2. William Glasser Biography • Born in 1925 in Cleveland, Ohio • Received BS and MA in clinical psychology Case Western Reserve University and received MD from UCLA • Believed problems should be viewed as irresponsible • Emphasized maintaining caring relationships • Developed Reality Therapy based on his Choice Theory Biography

  3. 1) all we do is behave, 2 )almost all behaviour is chosen, and 3)we are driven by our genes to satisfy five basic needs: survival, love and belonging, power, freedom and fun. Choice Theory

  4. In Essence... • “...the most important need is love and belonging, as closeness and connectedness with the people we care about is a requisite for satisfying all of the needs,” and • “Being disconnected is the source of almost all human problems such as what is called mental illness, drug addiction, violence, crime, school failure, spousal abuse...” (William Glasser Institute)

  5. Non-Coercive Discipline

  6. Non-Coercive Discipline • States that students should take responsibility for their actions • To do this, students and teachers should create student-teacher contracts which allow the student to devise their own goal, plan and solution with minimal direction from the teacher • Glasser also does not believe in rewards/ punishments because they are coercive and take away responsibility from the students (teacher-implemented)  Glasser would prefer the students to create their own personal rewards for a job well done

  7. Application in the Classroom Glasser views misbehaviours stemming from 5 basic needs: survival, love/ belonging, freedom, fun and power - He maintains that 95% of all misbehaviour stems from the need for power although love/ belonging he is the most important, as it affects the other needs

  8. As Such... There are 7 Caring Habits that should be used in the classroom: -supporting-encouraging-listening-accepting-respecting-trusting-negotiating differences • To deal with misbehaving students... • Avoid past actions and respond to what they are doing, what need they are trying to fulfill through their action, and how they are going to fix it - Then the student and teacher create a contract and agree on solutions to solve the problem

  9. More Helpful Hints • Reinforcement and punishment are not part of his reality therapy models • He believes that consequences should be natural and not teacher-directed • Glasser also believes that punishment is ineffective because it does not allow the student to take responsibility for their actions Glasser is a strong believer in class meetings: a time to calmly discuss issues and create a plan to solve the problems

  10. Glasser and Special Education • Glasser believes that the most important basic need is love/belonging. This is especially important for special needs students as they may feel separated from their peers because of modified or accommodated curriculum or other activities. • Teachers should be encouraging and should also make use of class meetings to solve any impending problems

  11. Glasser & Behavioural Exceptionalities • Students with behavioural exceptions usually have other difficulties and emotional problems that could be caused by the home environment or from a lack of close relationships with other people. • Glasser would emphasis his reality therapy for the classroom. This would create a more unified classroom, and the child would feel comfortable enough to share the problems that they are facing. • A student-teacher contract would also encourage the child to be responsible and would help them create achievable goals

  12. Sara Porter • Sara is doing poorly in school because one of her universal needs isn’t being met, Ms. Mercer is not following the seven caring habits, most notably encouragment • By not following Glasser’s seven caring habits, Ms. Mercer could be making Sara feel as though she doesn’t belong in the classroom, which could be leading to her defiant behaviours. • To solve this problem, Ms. Mercer should try and follow the Seven Caring traits, as Sara may open up to her about why she has trouble completing following instructions while completing a task. • If these traits are used sucessfully, Sara’s basic needs will be met, and this should lessen any undesirable behaviours.

  13. Bibliography • “The William Glasser Institute – Home of Choice Therapy.” William Glasser Institute. 2009. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.wglasser.com/>

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