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Combat Airspace. Contingency Enroute ATC Training. HQ AFFSA 9 Apr 03. Overview. Historical Perspective Organization Airspace Control Plan SPINS The Air Tasking Order The Airspace Control Order Airspace Control Measures Potential Impacts to Enroute Facilities. Historical Perspective.

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Combat Airspace

Contingency Enroute ATC Training

HQ AFFSA

9 Apr 03


Overview
Overview

  • Historical Perspective

  • Organization

  • Airspace Control Plan

  • SPINS

  • The Air Tasking Order

  • The Airspace Control Order

  • Airspace Control Measures

  • Potential Impacts to Enroute Facilities


Historical Perspective

BEFORE AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT


Historical perspective
Historical Perspective

  • Before WWII-Big sky little bullet

  • During WWII-Fratricide

  • Arab/Israeli war 1973-Arabs shot down

    59 of their own aircraft

  • Desert Shield/Desert Storm-Airspace very complex-ATACMS/Cruise Missiles

    AH-64/UAV’s/F-117’s/SOF Aircraft

  • Allied Force 1999--Many near mid air collisions

  • Enduring Freedom--very congested airspace, integrated civilian air carrier ops with combat sorties


Organization
Organization

  • Combined Air Operations Center

    • Provide C2 for the battlespace

  • Combat Operations – what’s happening now

    • Works real time deconfliction

  • Combat Plans – what will happen tomorrow – the ACO

  • “ATC” Cell – work international issues for CFACC

  • RAMCC – schedule civ/humanitarian flights

  • Air Mobility Division

    • Design routes for airlift

  • Liaisons

    • All airframes represented


Organization1

CFACC

SERVICE / FUNCTIONAL

COMPONENT COMMANDERS

COMMAND

SECTION

SENIOR COMPONENT

LIAISONS

PERSONNEL

INTELL

OPS

LOGISTICS

COMM

SJA

COMBAT PLANS

COMBAT OPERATIONS

AIR STRATEGY

ATO

PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

INTEL PLANS

CURRENT OPERATIONS

WEATHER SUPPORT

OPERATIONS SUPPORT

JOINT SEARCH AND RESCUE CENTER*

INTEL OPS

*-if assigned

by the JFC

AIRSPACE / COMMAND AND CONTROL

COMPONENT LIAISONS

Organization


AWACS

LNO

JSTARS

LNO

ARSOF

AFSOF

NAVSOF

STWC

IWC

ASWC

SUWC

Theater Air Ground System

JFC

JOC

ARFOR

MARFOR

AFFOR

NAVFOR

SOC

JFACC

JFACC

JFACC

TAC (A)

CRC

FAC (A)

ADA LNO

AAMDC

JAOC

CRC

ADA

BDE

BCD

MARLO

NALE

XXX

SOLE

CORPS

TALCE

XX

AME

CP

DOCC

DIV

SOCCE

AFLE

X

CP

NG REP

FSE

BDE

GLO

II

WOC

FSE

A2C2

CP

BN

AIRBASES

A2C2

FSE

TACP

ASOC

CP

TACP

A2C2

FSE

MAGTF/MEF

TACP

A2C2

SOCCE

FFCC

TACP

AREC

STRIKE

OPS

CWC

E-2C

DASC (A)

CATF/CLF

JAOC

TACC/TADC

ACE

ADC

TAC (A)

XX

TACC / TADC

ASC (A)

SACC

SCC

(if assigned)

GCE/DIV

JAOC

SADC

FAC (A)

CP

III

FSCC

DASC

RGT

MATC DETS

FTR / ATK / HELO

TACP

II

CP

TAOC

BN

FSCC

ADA LNO

CP

TACP

FSCC

LAAD

EW/C

TACP


Airspace control plan
Airspace Control Plan

  • The ACP is a document approved by the JFC that provides specific planning guidance and procedures for the airspace control system for the joint force area of responsibility and/or joint operations area

  • 4 Key elements of the ACP

    • JFC guidance on airspace control

    • Airspace Control Procedures (Positive and Procedural)

    • Joint Force airspace control organizations

    • Responsibilities delegated to component commanders concerning airspace control


Special instructions spins
Special Instructions (SPINS)

  • Apply to all participants in joint air operations

  • Usually published with the daily ATO

  • ATC reviews SPINS daily for changes that impact airspace usage and/or ATC procedures

    • New/modified air routes

    • Altitudes changes on existing routes

    • Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR’s)

    • Etc


Air tasking order
Air Tasking Order

  • Tasks airpower in support JFC’s campaign objectives for a specified period of time.

  • Composition is in USMTF message format

  • Disseminated to subordinate units

  • Includes call signs, targets, controlling agencies, etc



The airspace control order
The Airspace Control Order

  • An order implementing the airspace control plan that provides the details of the approved requests for airspace control measures.

    • Airspace plan for the days fight – Airspace Control Measures to be used

    • Distributed with the ATO to all flying units

    • Deconflicts projected airspace use

  • Combat Ops may change the battleplan based on new intel/emerging targets/etc

    • “Flexibility is the key to airpower”

  • Airways were included for Afghanistan

  • Provides a “heads up” of what is happening around you


Airspace control order

ACMID / AAR / BROWNANCHOR

Airspace Control Order

OPER/C2WAC//

MSGID/ACO/C2WS//

ACOID/E//

PERIOD/060600ZSEP/070559ZSEP//

NARR/TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY FOR C2WAC//

ACMID/AAR/BROWNANCHOR/270358N0454545E/265904N0454306E

/265339N0454334E/264910N0454702E/264648N0455233E/264713N0455840E

/265017N0460343E/272117N0463343E/272201N0463422E/272706N0463631E

/273227N0463531E/273640N0463138E/273835N0462554E/273742N0461951E

/270358N0454545E//

EFFLEVEL/17000AMSL-FL250//

PERIOD/010600ZSEP/300559ZSEP//

AMPN/SHAPE: ORBIT/TIME: CONTINUOUS/PLOTTING INSTRUCTIONS:

ORBIT: START AT 265155N 0460135E, GO TO 272255N 0463135E,

TURN LEFT 180 DEGREES, WIDTH OF 16.00NM. COMPLETE PATTERN.

ACMID POINTS INCLUDE A 2.5NM BUFFER AROUND ORBIT.

/AMPN/ SECTOR II /CONTAUTH/CHARTER/B42/B15/VERTICAL SEPARATION CELL

LEAD FL235 2ND FL240/RECEIVERS WILL CONTACT CELL LEAD FOR ALT

ASSIGN AND SEQUENCING 5NM PRIOR TO REACHING ARIP/FOR EXCEPTIONS

CONTACT CHARTER FOR CLRNC//

ACMID/AAR/EXXON/274848N0380544E/274330N0380707E/273931N0381117E

/273756N0381709E/273909N0382307E/274251N0382736E/274803N0382924E

/282749N0383100E/282844N0383100E/283354N0382906E/283732N0382433E

/283840N0381834E/283700N0381244E/283258N0380838E/274848N0380544E//

EFFLEVEL/17000AMSL-FL250//

PERIOD/060600ZSEP/070559ZSEP//

AMPN/SHAPE:ORBIT/TIME:CONTINUOUS/PLOTTING INSTRUCTIONS:

ORBIT: START AT 274808N 0382635E, GO TO 282754N 0382811E,

TURN LEFT 180 DEGREES, WIDTH OF 16.00NM. COMPLETE PATTERN.

ACMID POINTS INCLUDE A 2.5NM BUFFER AROUND ORBIT.

/AMPN/ SECTOR II /CONTAUTH/CHARTER/B42/B15/VERTICAL SEPARATION CELL

LEAD FL235 2ND FL240/RECEIVERS WILL CONTACT CELL LEAD FOR ALT

ASSIGN AND SEQUENCING 5NM PRIOR TO REACHING ARIP/FOR EXCEPTIONS

CONTACT CHARTER FOR CLRNC//


Airspace control measures
Airspace Control Measures

  • A piece of airspace defined for a specific purpose

  • Examples – Tanker Tracks, EC Surveillance Areas, Restricted Operating Zones, AWACS orbits, Close Air Support Points/Orbits, Recce Tracks, Transit Corridors, Killboxes, No Fire Area, Restricted Fire Area…and so on and so forth

  • Airways can be protected/“advertised” by placing them in the ACO as an ACM


Potential impacts to enroute
Potential Impacts to Enroute

  • ACMS activated in established airways

    • C2/Recce sometimes orbit up to FL340

    • Frequently plan for one area then move to another

  • Bombers and Recce going through alt to FL390 and

  • Comm issues for real time coordination


Potential impacts
Potential Impacts

Hypothetical Airway

FL310 - 440

CAS Orbit, B-52 FL390

Refueling Track:

FL240 - 280

Killboxes active Surface – FL280

RC-135 Monitor Area

FL280-340

Active

0500–1200Z Daily

MEZ

Surface to FL450

TC – FL250-290


Questions?

Contingency Enroute ATC Training

HQ AFFSA

9 Apr 03


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