student activism in the 1960s l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Student Activism in the 1960s PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Student Activism in the 1960s

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Student Activism in the 1960s - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Student Activism in the 1960s. I. Intro. Student movement existed before the escalation in Vietnam Went through 3 phases: Early 1960s Mid-1960s Late 1960s. II. Origins of the New Left . First noticed by the mass media in SF in 1960: first mass demonstration in 20 years

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Student Activism in the 1960s' - hallam

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
i intro
I. Intro
  • Student movement existed before the escalation in Vietnam
  • Went through 3 phases:
    • Early 1960s
    • Mid-1960s
    • Late 1960s
ii origins of the new left
II. Origins of the New Left
  • First noticed by the mass media in SF in 1960: first mass demonstration in 20 years
  • Triggered by HUAC special-hearing to investigate communism in Bay Area
    • Film: Operation Abolition
  • About 1,000 UCB students protested

Police turned fire hoses on protestors

Signs of movement across the country
  • 1962: come together to form Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
  • Port Huron Statement:
  • “We are people of this generation, bred in at least modest comfort, housed now in universities, looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit.

When we were kids the United States was the wealthiest and strongest country in the world; the only one with the atom bomb, the least scarred by modern war, an initiator of the United Nations that we thought would distribute Western influence throughout the world. Freedom and equality for each individual, government of, by, and for the people - these American values we found good, principles by which we could live as men. Many of us began maturing in complacency.”

In a participatory democracy, the political life would be based in several root principles: ...that politics be seen positively, as the art of collectively creating an acceptable pattern of social relations; ...that politics has the function of bringing people out of isolation and into community, thus being a necessary, though not sufficient, means of finding meaning in personal life… The economic sphere would have as its basis the principles: ...that work should involve incentives worthier than money or survival. It should be educative, not stultifying; creative, not mechanical; self-directed, not manipulated, encouraging independence, a respect for others, a sense of dignity, and a willingness to accept social responsibility, since it is this experience that has crucial influence on habits, perceptions and individual ethics…
new left
New Left
  • Self-identified as New Left
    • Liberals want to work within the system, implicitly accept system
    • Leftists: work outside system; basic, radical change at root of system
    • “New”: not communist/USSR
iii impact of the crm berkeley 1964
III. Impact of the CRM: Berkeley, 1964
  • 1963: Mario Savio and others protest discrim. in Bay Area (hotel hiring) anger businesses (Oakland Tribune) pressure UCB admin. no discussion of “outside issues” on campus
  • Free Speech Movement (FSM) to protest silencing: unified wide range of groups (anti-apartheid, feminist, civil rights, anti-war, Youth for Goldwater)
Some radical tactics (civil disobedience, sit-ins in buildings) but moderate goals
  • Gain support of faculty and force administration to give in to their demands
Attracted kooks to Berkeley who thought FSM was about violence, drugs, and a good time hippies and Reagan’s “the mess at Berkeley”
iv impact of vietnam columbia 1968
IV. Impact of Vietnam: Columbia, 1968
  • June 1965: threat of draft student movement primarily about war
  • Columbia, 1968: war research on campus

Two issues:

  • 1) no more war research
  • 2) racism of the university (property in Harlem)
  • Saw two connected: racist imperialism
Kill the “brain” of the monster
  • How? Shut down the university seize buildings, strike, shut down classes

Mark Rudd

madison wi berkeley of mid west
Madison, WI (Berkeley of Mid West)
  • Sep. 7, 1970: “Okay pigs, now listen and listen good. There's a bomb in the Army Math Research Center—the university—set to go off in five minutes. Clear the building. Warn the hospital. This is no bull—, man.”
  • OK City style: van w/fertilizer: kills Physics grad students + Madison anti-war movement
    • Response to Kent State massacre
v delegitimizing protest nixon s silent majority
V. Delegitimizing Protest: Nixon’s “Silent Majority”
  • 1968 Democratic National Convention, Chicago
  • Anti-war Protestors sought to enter Convention beaten by police + National Guard
  • Images most rabid, unruly protesters—inevitably focus television coverage—best possible Republican counter-spin (Pat Buchanan)
  • + 1968 race riots Nixon “law and order”/”silent majority” victory, demise mainstream Left, seriously scars Democratic Party to today (Solid South, Dems soft on defense)