Progress Report on the attainment of the MDG´s México. Manila, Philippines October 1, 2007. Prepared by Antonio Millán A. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (This document is in progress, not intended for publication yet). Mexican Context Indicators. 103. 32.
Progress Report on the attainment of the MDG´sMéxico Manila, Philippines October 1, 2007 Prepared by Antonio Millán A. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (This document is in progress, not intended for publication yet)
Mexican Context Indicators 103 32 74.5 77 7,393 2 M Sq. Km
Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger • Poverty has consistentlydecreasedsince 1996, after the 1994-1995 crisis that produced 15 million people on extreme poverty. Someof the causes are the following: • Low inflation rate and a positive impact on real salaries as well as citizens purchasing power. • Fiscal discipline has produced a credit market especially for consumption and housing. • Increases on income and improvement on capacities of population in poverty.
Progress on main MDG´s indicators GOAL 1. ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER • Target 1: Halve, between 1990s and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day • Indicator 1: Proportion of population below national poverty threshold • Indicator 3: Share of poorest quintile in national consumption • Target 2: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger • Indicator 4: Prevalence of underweight children under 5 years of age
Main menu Indicator´s Name Target 1 Data presented in a Trend graph Last and first measures difference Metadata • Indicator name • Definition • Algorithm • Variables • Data Source • Institution • International Reference • Observations Difference between Target and Last measure Timeframe Indicator Components Comments about the source Link Goal-Target-Institution- Indicator code O1M1-1 Link to complete metadata file Information Availability
Proportion of population below national poverty threshold
Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
Prevalence of • underweight children • under 5 years of age
Progress on main MDG´s indicators • In education, the target access has been achieved • Challenges are focused on increasing access to the next educational levels and improving the educational system quality. • There are also challenges attending migrants and natives (marginalized citizens).
Progress on main MDG´s indicators GOAL 2. ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION • Target 3: Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling • Indicator 6: Net enrolment ratio in primary education • Indicator 7: Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 6 • Indicator 8: Literacy rate of 15 to 24 years old
Progress on main MDG´s indicators GOAL 3. PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN • Target 4: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secundary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels no later than 2015. • Indicator 9: Ratio of girls to boys in primary education • Indicator 9a: Ratio of girls to boys in secundary education • Indicator 10: Ratio of literate women. • Indicator 12: Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament.
Progress on main MDG´s indicators GOAL 4. REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY • Target 5: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate. • Indicator 13: Under five mortality rate. • Indicator 15: Proportion of one year old children immunized again measles.
Progress on main MDG´s indicators GOAL 5. IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH • Target 6: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio. • Indicator 16: Maternal mortality rate. • Indicator 17: Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel.
Progress on main MDG´s indicators GOAL 6 . COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES • Target 7: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS. • Indicator 19: Incidence of HIV/AIDS by year • Indicator 24: Tuberculosis mortality rate.
Progress on main MDG´s indicators • México has innovative environment targets such as • Taxes for environment rights that provide protection to the environment and at the same time support citizens living in rural areas. • Natural areas protected to preserve original fauna and flora. • Environmental information systems and inventories. • However, environmental deterioration accumulated for years has not reversed the loss of environmental resources.
Progress on main MDG´s indicators GOAL 7 . ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY • Target 9: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources. • Indicator 25: Proportion of land area covered by forest • Indicator 26: Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area • Target 10: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. • Indicator 30: Proportion of housing with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural. • Indicator 31: Proportion of housing with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural.
Proportion of land • area covered by forest
Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area
Proportion of housing with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural.
Proportion of housing with access to improved • sanitation, urban and rural
Progress on main MDG´s indicators México, up to day: • Has achieved the target of 10 indicators. • There is confidence on achieving the target on 13 more indictors. • It will be very difficult to achieve the target of 3 • Has generated 27 new indicators to focus the challenge on those areas more needed of atention.
Sources • Information system under INEGI responsibility with the following link: http://www.metasdelmilenio.inegi.gob.mx/artus/eis/portalmm/index.asp • México Progress Report to UN delivered on November 2006 Gabinete de desarrollo humano y social / Comisión intersecretarial de desarrollo social (2006). Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio: Informe de avances 2006. Programas Educativos S. A. de C. V.; Mexico, D. F.
Graciaspor su atención Dr. Antonio Millán Arellano Manila, Philippines, October 1-3 2007 M É X I C O