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Miniature Earth. OLD (2001) http :// www.youtube.com/watch?v=fA6MhyK60iI NEW (updated 2010) http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6eTr4ldDYg. Population & Standard of Living . Understanding the basic terms. Population. The total number of people living in a given area ( pg 86)

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miniature earth
Miniature Earth
  • OLD (2001)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fA6MhyK60iI

  • NEW (updated 2010)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6eTr4ldDYg

population standard of living

Population & Standard of Living

Understanding the basic terms

population
Population
  • The total number of people living in a given area (pg 86)
  • https://www.census.gov/population/www/popclockus.html (US)
  • http://www.census.gov/population/popclockworld.html (world)
  • 25 most populated countries http://geography.about.com/cs/worldpopulation/a/mostpopulous.htm
population density
Population Density
  • A measure of the number of people living in a given area (86)
population distribution
Population Distribution
  • The spread of people living in a given area
  • How the population of an area is arranged according to variables such as age, race, or sex
  • People do not like to live in places that are too hot, too cold, too wet, too dry
  • Population density is very low in these areas
slide10
GNP
  • Gross National Product
  • The total monetary value of all final goods and services produced in a country during one year PLUS income earned by its citizens abroad, minus income earned by foreigners from domestic production
slide11
GDP
  • The value of all goods and services produced within a country in a single year (pg. 95)
  • United States GDP $15.29 trillion (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 2

  • Djibouti GDP $2.26 billion (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 184

slide12

G

N

P

Vs

G

D

P

gdp capita
GDP/capita
  • Measure of the total output of a country that takes the gross domestic product ( GDP) and divides it by the number of people in the country
  • So let’s practice…

Country of Etterulis:

GDP: $756,487 per year

Population: 246

GDP/capita = $307.51

gdp capita1
GDP/capita
  • Djibouti GDP/capita

$2,700 (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 176

US GDP/capita

$49,000 (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 11

demography
Demography
  • Thescienceofsocialstatistics,like of the births, deaths, diseases, marriages, etc., of populations.
life expectancy
Life expectancy
  • The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year

To use the life expectancy table: Find your age in the column below, then look to the appropriate gender column on the right to find the additional number of years you may expect to live. It is important to note that one-half of individuals can expect to live beyond their life expectancy and one-half will not live to that age.

life expectancy1
Life Expectancy

Djibouti US

total population: 61.57 years total population 78.49

country comparison 184 country comparison 50

male: 59.15 years male: 76.05 years

female: 64.07 years female 81.05 years

literacy rate
Literacy Rate

US

definition: age 15 and over can read &write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99%

Djibouti

definition: age 15 and over can read &write

total population: 67.9%

male: 78%

female: 58.4%

  • the ability to read and write
birthrate
Birthrate
  • The annual number of births per 1,000 people (88)
  • The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population (lots of young people)
birth rate

United States:

13.68 births/1,000 population country comparison to the world: 146

Djibouti:

24.91 births/1,000 population country comparison to the world: 59

Birth Rate
death rate
Death rate
  • The annual number of deaths per 1,000 people
  • The death rateaccurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate
death rate1
Death Rate
  • Djibouti Death Rate

8.08 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 98

  • US Death Rates

8.39 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 87

rate of natural increase
Rate of Natural Increase

The birth rate minus the death rate of a population

migration
Migration
  • The movement of people from one place to live in another (pg 89)

US:

3.62 migrant /1,000 population

country comparison to the world: 26

Djibouti:

6.02 migrant/1,000 population

country comparison to the world: 16

standard of living
Standard of Living
  • The level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area
human capital
Human Capital
  • Economic value of an employee's skill set
  • The collection of competencies, knowledge, social and personality skills includes creativity in the ability to perform work so as to produce economic value
  • Understanding that not all labor is equal
  • The quality of employees can be improved by investing in them
  • The education, experience and abilities of an employee have an economic value for employers and for the economy as a whole.
helpful spillover
Helpful spillover
  • An economic advantage coming from an unpredicted source
  • Example: A helpful "spillover" might be education. We all are better off if we have an educated workforce
  • Example: Government support of public education
harmful spillover
Harmful spillover
  • An economic disadvantage coming from an unpredicted source
  • A harmful "spillover" might be air or water pollution from production of a product. Even those who do not consume the product are hurt by pollution.
  • Example: Government taxing or regulating pollution