DISSOCIATIVE DISORDER. Loss of unitary sense of self as a single human being with a single basic personality Arises as a defense mechanism Contradictory representations of the self, which conflict with each other, are kept in separate compartments. Types: Dissociative Amnesia
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C. The disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of dissociative identity disorder and is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition.
D. The symptoms cause clinical significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
2. Ganser’s syndrome: voluntary production of severe psychiatric symptoms
- may occur in schizophrenia,depressive DO, toxic states, paresis, ROH-use DO, factitious DO
- major predisposing factor: existence of severe PD
3. Brainwashing: states of dissociation that occur in individuals who have been subjected to periods of prolonged and intense coercive persuasion (e.g. brainwashing, thought reform, or indoctrination while captive)