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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Logen Hendricks. What is Ocd?. OCD — An anxiety disorder characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears that lead you to do repetitive behaviors. Obsessions – recurrent or persistent mental images, thoughts, or ideas

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Presentation Transcript
what is ocd
What is Ocd?
  • OCD — An anxiety disorder characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears that lead you to do repetitive behaviors.
  • Obsessions – recurrent or persistent mental images, thoughts, or ideas
  • Compulsions – repetitive, rigid, and self-directed routines that are intended to prevent the manifestation of an associated obsession
  • Sufferers of this disease become deeply frustrated and depressed by their inability to get rid of these intruding thoughts and actions
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Hand washing until your skin becomes raw
  • Checking doors repeatedly to make sure they're locked
  • Counting in certain patterns
  • Arranging your canned goods to face the same way
  • Fear of being contaminated by shaking hands or touching objects
  • Intense stress when objects aren’t orderly or facing the right way
treatments
Treatments
  • Psychotherapy
  • Medications
  • Behavior Therapy
  • CBT – (Cognitive Behavior Therapy) is the therapy most commonly used for this disorder.
history of ocd
History of ocd
  • OCD has been a disorder since as far back as the 1400s, but it was not known by that name.
  • In the 1600s people were known to have “religious melancholy”
  • Dr. Samuel Johnson was one of the earliest famous people to suffer from OCD.
  • 1800s – OCD was understood as a kind of partial insanity.
  • In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Sigmund Freud believed that every disorder was caused by the subject’s parents. The disease was called “Obsessional neurosis” at this time.
facts
Facts
  • It has been estimated approximately 2.3% of the population between ages 18- 54 suffer from OCD
  • The average age for the onset for actual OCD symptoms is 19
  • OCD is found in all ethnic groups. Both men and women are equally affected, although in children, OCD seems to be more prevalent in boys
  • A third to a half of all people who suffer from OCD began noticing obsessive traits during childhood
sources
Sources
  • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obsessive-compulsive-disorder/DS00189/DSECTION=symptoms
  • http://www.helpguide.org/mental/obsessive_compulsive_disorder_ocd.htm