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PURPOSES OF THE ARTS. WHY do humans express themselves using the Arts? . PURPOSES of MUSIC. Ceremonial Music created or performed for rituals or celebrations Indonesian Gamelan Music Used to summon the gods Religious and patriotic music U.S. Armed Forces Medley

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Purposes of the arts


WHY do humans express themselves using the Arts?

Purposes of music

  • Ceremonial

    • Music created or performed for rituals or celebrations

    • Indonesian Gamelan Music

      • Used to summon the gods

    • Religious and patriotic music

    • U.S. Armed Forces Medley

      • Used during Veteran’s/Memorial Day Ceremonies

      • Armed Forces Graduation Ceremonies

Purposes of music1

  • Recreational

    • Music for entertainment

      • Rodrigo y Gabriela

    • Game songs

    • Dance music/social events

    • Music played while exercising

    • Hobby (such as playing an instrument for fun)

Purposes of music2

  • Artistic Expression

    • Music created with the intent to express or communicate one’s emotions, feelings, ideas, or experience

    • Music performed for an audience

    • More formal than recreational music

      • Vivaldi – The Four Seasons (Spring, 1st Movement)

Elements of music
Elements of Music

  • Rhythm

    • The placement of sounds in time

    • Sometimes called “Beat”

  • Tempo

    • Speed of the music

    • Musical speed can change throughout a piece

Elements of music1
Elements of Music

  • Melody

    • A grouping of musical notes that creates a single phrase

    • The most important sounding line in a piece of music

  • Harmony

    • More than one note sounding at the same time

Elements of music2
Elements of Music

  • Form

    • Overall plan or structure

      • Call-and-Response

        • “Shout”

      • Round

        • “Row, Row, Row Your Boat”

      • Verse-and-Chorus

        • Most modern songs

    • Genres (types) of music tend to follow a pre-set form

Elements of music3
Elements of Music

  • Timbre

    • Unique quality to sounds

    • Different instruments create different sounds while playing the same note

    • Types of instruments are classified into groups

      • Strings, Woodwinds, Brass, Percussion

Elements of music4
Elements of Music

  • Dynamics

    • The loudness of the sounds

    • Markings are based on Italian words

      • Forte (f) = Loud

      • Piano (p) = Soft

    • Moving from soft sounds to louder sounds is called Crescendo

    • Moving from loud to soft sounds is called Decrescendo

Elements of music5
Elements of Music

  • The Grand Staff

    • Two Staves joined by a brace

    • Shows Treble and Bass Clef

    • Clefs indicate Pitch

    • Each Line and Space on thestaff indicate aspecific note Treble Clef

    • Notes are namedusing the letters Bass ClefA through G

Elements of music6
Elements of Music

  • Treble Clef Notes

    • Lines

      • E, G, B, D, F

    • Spaces

      • F, A, C, E

  • Ways to Remember

    • Every Good Boy Does Fine

    • FACE

  • Bass Clef Notes

    • Lines

      • G, B, D, F, A

    • Spaces

      • A, C, E, G

  • Ways to Remember

    • Good Boys Do Fine Always

    • All Cows Eat Grass

Elements of music7
Elements of Music

  • Sharps, Flats, and Naturals

    • Sharp

      • Slightly raises the pitch of the note

    • Flat

      • Slightly lowers the pitch of the note

    • Natural

      • The pitch that comes naturally to the note

Elements of music8
Elements of Music

  • Chords

    • Groups of notes (usually in groups of three) that are built on a “root” note

    • C MajorChord

Elements of music9
Elements of Music

  • Whole, Half, Quarter, Eighth Notes

    • Whole notes are notes that are held out for four (4) beats

    • Half Notes are held out for two (2) beats

    • Quarter Notes are held for one (1) beat

    • Eighth Notes are held for a half (1/2) beat

Purposes of dance

  • Ceremonial

    • Dances created or performed for rituals or celebrations

    • Dances of Native Americans and West Africans to celebrate life events

    • Harvest, rain, war

    • Religious ritual worship

    • Eagle Dance

Purposes of dance1

  • Recreational

    • Dancing for recreation (for fun!)

    • Dancing to support recreational activities

    • Ballroom, line dancing, aerobic dance, square dancing

      • Youth Ballroom Dancing

    • Dance as a hobby

Purposes of dance2

  • Artistic Expression

    • Dance created with the intent to express or communicate emotion, feelings, ideas, or information

    • Dances created and performed in a concert or theatrical setting for an audience

    • Ballet, tap, narrative

      • Lyrical Dance

Elements of dance
Elements of Dance

  • Two Types of Movement

    • Locomotor – the body moves from one place to another

      • Walking, Sliding, Hopping, Running

    • Axial (Non-locomotor) – the body does not move from one place to another; movement is centered on an axis of the body

      • Bending, Stretching, Twisting, Turning

Elements of dance1
Elements of Dance

  • Space

    • The area around the dancer

    • Where the dancer moves

    • Where the dancer directs the eye of the audience

      • Direction of Motion

      • Size of Motion

      • Shape of Motion

Elements of dance2
Elements of Dance

  • Time

    • The use of beat, rhythmic patterns and the duration of movement

  • Force

    • Energy

    • Movement that is heavy or light, sharp or smooth, has tension or relaxation

    • Uses the weight of the body to demonstrate the effects of gravity

Purposes of drama theatre

  • Sharing the human experience

    • To express or communicate emotion, feelings, ideas, and information through dramatic works

    • Social change, universal themes

    • Interpret and recreate information, ideas, and emotions

    • Human Experience Example

Purposes of drama theatre1

  • Passing on tradition and culture

    • To express or communicate feelings, ideas, information

    • Narrative, storytelling, folktales, religious ritual and ceremony

    • Often passed down through generations by rote, or by mouth

      • Henry V Speech

Purposes of drama theatre2

  • Recreational

    • Drama as recreation and for recreational events

    • For entertainment, diversion, or festivals

    • Street Theatre

  • Artistic Expression

    • Drama created with the intent to express or communicate emotion, feelings, ideas, or information

    • Works performed in a theatrical setting for an audience

Elements of drama
Elements of Drama

  • Literary Elements

    • Plot

      • Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Conclusion

    • Character

      • Protagonist, Antagonist

    • Suspense

    • Theme

      • Underlying Meaning or Idea

    • Language

    • Style

    • Monologue

    • Dialogue

    • Stage Directions

Elements of drama1
Elements of Drama

  • Technical Elements

    • Scenery

      • Suggests a location

    • Sound

      • Music, Sound Effects

    • Lights

      • Creates a mood, Changes audience perception

    • Make-up

      • Creates or enhances character

    • Costumes

      • Creates the overall “feel” of a character

    • Props

      • Items used by the actors

Elements of drama2
Elements of Drama

  • Performance Elements

    • Acting

      • The use of Verbal and Nonverbal skills to communicate character

    • Communication

      • Delivers the writer’s words and meaning to the audience

    • Acting Example

Purposes of visual arts

  • Ceremonial

    • Artworks created to support

      worship ceremonies, rituals,

      or celebrations

  • Artistic Expression

    • Artwork to express or communicate emotion, ideas, feelings

    • Self expression, to decorate or beautify objects

Purposes of visual arts1

  • Narrative

    • Artworks that tell stories, describe and illustrate experiences, or communicate information

    • Art to document important or historical events

    • Dorothea Lange’s photography of the Great Depression era

Purposes of visual arts2

  • Functional

    • Artistic objects used in everyday life

    • Pottery, quilts, baskets, etc.

    • Crafts

Purposes of visual arts3

  • Persuasive

    • Artworks that promote ideas, philosophies, or products

    • Advertising, marketing, propaganda, ideology, etc.

Seven elements of v a
Seven Elements of V.A.

  • Color

    • Various hues(types) represent emotional qualities

    • Influences the character of the artwork

  • Line

    • Directs the eye where to look

    • Indicates order

Seven elements of v a1
Seven Elements of V.A.

  • Shape

    • Any two-dimensional image or element used in the artwork

  • Form

    • A three-dimensional object

    • Creates the illusion of depth on flat surfaces

Seven elements of v a2
Seven Elements of V.A.

  • Value

    • Relates to the lightness or darkness of color in an artwork

    • Used to define the form of objects that are created in the artwork

Seven elements of v a3
Seven Elements of V.A.

  • Texture

    • The feel or touch of a surface

  • Space

    • The perception of depth

    • Brings perspective to the artwork