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Fall Protection for Construction. Fall hazards in the work area. Leading edge work Overhand bricklaying Holes, openings Ramps, runways. 2a. Standard applicability. OSHA requires employers to: identify, evaluate fall hazards provide fall protection train employees

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Fall Protection for Construction


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    1. Fall Protection for Construction

    2. Fall hazards in the work area • Leading edge work • Overhand bricklaying • Holes, openings • Ramps, runways 2a

    3. Standard applicability • OSHA requires employers to: • identify, evaluate fall hazards • provide fall protection • train employees • Fall protection in other OSHA rules • scaffolding • ladders and stairways • steel erection 3a

    4. Fall protection measures • Surfaces must support employees • Provide protection: • at 6 feet and above • any fall into dangerous equipment • any falling objects 4a

    5. Fall protection measures • Guardrail systems • Safety net systems • Personal fall arrest systems (PFAS) • Positioning device systems 4b

    6. Fall protection measures • Warning line systems • Controlled access zones • Safety monitoring systems • Covers 4c

    7. Terms • Body belt • Body harness • Controlled access zone (CAZ) • Guardrail system • Personal fall arrest system (PFAS) • Positioning device system • Safety-monitoring system • Warning line system 5a

    8. Guardrail systems • Top rails 39 inches to 45 inches • Meet design/strength requirements 6a

    9. Safety net systems • Installed within 30 feet of working surface • Inspect: • at least once a week • after any incident 7a

    10. Personal fall arrest systems • Body belts are not part of a PFAS • Components meet design, strength requirements 8a

    11. Personal fall arrest systems • If using vertical lifelines, one employee per vertical lifeline • PFAS anchorages for PFAS only 8b

    12. Personal fall arrest systems • When stopping a fall: • limit force on employee to 1,800 pounds • no free fall over 6 feet • maximum deceleration distance of 3.5 feet 8c

    13. Positioning device systems • No free fall over 2 feet • Components meet design, strength requirements 9a

    14. Fall protection systems • Fall protection is needed: • unprotected sides and edges • hoist areas • holes • wall openings • formwork andreinforcing steel 10a

    15. Fall protection systems • Fall protection is needed: • ramps, runways, walkways • excavations greater than 6-feet deep • dangerous equipment • overhand bricklaying 10b

    16. Fall protection systems • Fall protection is needed: • roofing work • leading edge work • precast concrete erection • residential construction 10c

    17. Unprotected sides and edges • Fall protection options: • guardrail systems • safety net systems • PFAS 11a

    18. Protecting hoist areas • Fall protection options: • guardrail systems • PFAS 12a

    19. Protection for holes • Covers must: • support specified weights • be secured in place • be color coded or marked with a warning 13a

    20. Protecting wall openings • Fall protection options: • guardrail systems • safety net systems • PFAS 14a

    21. Formwork and reinforcing steel • Fall protection options: • PFAS • safety net system • positioning device system • Not required while movingon rebar assemblies 15a

    22. Ramps, runways, and walkways • Must have guardrails when employees could fall 6 feet or more 16a

    23. Excavations • Protect excavations 6 feet or more in depth and not readily seen by: • guardrail systems • fences • barricades 17a

    24. Falls into dangerous equipment • Protect workers from falling into/onto dangerous equipment at any height 18a

    25. Overhand bricklaying • Fall protection options: • guardrail systems • PFAS • safety net systems • controlled access zones 19a

    26. Overhand bricklaying • Only masonry and mortar can be stored within 4 feet of the working edge • Regularly remove debris 19b

    27. Roofing on low-slope roofs • Fall protection options: • guardrail systems • safety net systems • PFAS 20a

    28. Roofing on low-slope roofs - options • A combination of warning line and: • guardrail systems • safety net systems • PFAS • safety monitoring systems 20b

    29. Roofing on low-slope roofs - options • On roofs 50 feet or less in width, can use a safety monitoring system alone • When a safety monitoring system is used: • competent person as safety monitor • safety monitor has no other duties • mechanical equipment is not used 20c

    30. Roofing on low-slope roofs - options • When a safety monitoring system is used: • authorized employees only follow safety monitor warnings 20d

    31. Roofing on low-slope roofs - options • When warning line systems are used: • erected around all sides • at least 6 feet from roof edge • warning lines form access path • warning lines meet design/strength requirements 20e

    32. Roofing on low-slope roofs - options • Falling object protection: • materials, equipment stored more than 6 feet from roof edge unless there are guardrails • materials stored near a roof edge must be stable 20f

    33. Roofing on steep roofs • Fall protection options: • guardrail systems with toeboards • PFAS • safety net systems 21a

    34. Leading edge work • Leading edge work 6 feet and above: • guardrail systems • safety net systems • PFAS • Must use a fall protection plan if these can’t be used • Controlled access zone 22a

    35. Leading edge work • Control lines: • 6 to 25 feet from the edge • along the entire length of the edge • connected to a guardrail or wall • flagged, marked at least every 6 feet • meet design/strength requirements 22b

    36. Precast concrete erection • Erecting precast concrete members 6 feet above a lower level: • guardrail systems • safety net systems • PFAS • Must use a fall protection plan if these can’t be used • Controlled access zone 23a

    37. Precast concrete erection • Control line: • 6 to 60 feet from the edge, or • half the length of the member being erected, whichever is less, from the leading edge • along the entire length of the edge • connect to a guardrail, wall • meet design/strength requirements • flagged, marked at least every 6 feet 23b

    38. Residential construction • Fall protection options: • guardrail systems • safety net systems • PFAS • Use a fall protection plan if these are infeasible 24a

    39. Fall protection plans • Can only use a fall protection plan with: • leading edge work • precast concrete erection work • residential construction work 25a

    40. Other walking/working surfaces • Fall protection options: • guardrail system • safety net system • PFAS 26a

    41. Protection from falling objects • Wear hard hats • Employers must also do one of the following: • erect toeboards, screens, guardrails • erect a canopy; keep objects far from the edge • barricade the area; keep workers out 27a