Four castes and four orders of life. SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM. CANTO 1 CHAPTER 9 TEXT 26. puruṣa-sva-bhāva-vihitān yathā-varṇaṁ yathāśramam vairāgya-rāgopādhibhyām āmnātobhaya-lakṣaṇān
At MahārājaYudhiṣṭhira’s inquiry, Bhīṣmadeva first defined all the classifications of castes and orders of life in terms of the individual’s qualifications. Then he systematically, in twofold divisions, described counteraction by detachment and interaction by attachment.TEXT 26
The conception of four castes and four orders of life, as planned by the Lord Himself (Bg. 4.13), is to accelerate transcendental qualities of the individual person so that he may gradually realize his spiritual identity and thus act accordingly to get free from material bondage, or conditional life.
The varṇāśrama-dharma is prescribed for the civilized human being just to train him to successfully terminate human life.
For the intelligent men, controlling the senses is the most essential qualification. It is the basis of morality.
The kṣatriya, the member of the administrative class, is especially advised to give charity and not to accept charity in any circumstances. – Quite contrary to modern administration.
In fighting, the king or the president should never return home without being hurt by the enemy. The so-called king of today never visits the warfield.
Animals are never meant to be killed. Killing of animals is a symptom of barbarian society.
The śūdra class is less intelligent and should have no independence.
A śūdra should not leave his master when the master is old and invalid, and the master should keep the servants satisfied in all respects.
The brahmacārī-āśrama is the training ground for the prospective candidates.