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Wednesday, August 14, 2013

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  1. Wednesday, August 14, 2013

  2. United States History Review

  3. c. 12,000 BC • North American Indian cultures flourish across the continent.

  4. 1000 AD • Leif Ericsson (Scandinavian) lands on Newfoundland • No permanent settlements were established.

  5. 1492 • Christopher Columbus (financed by Spain) lands in the Bahamas. • Further exploration follows (by many other European countries, primarily Great Britain & France) and colonies were established

  6. Spanish Exploration: • 1513 Juan Ponce de Leon lands on Florida’s coast • 1565 Saint Augustine, Florida • First permanent European colony in North America

  7. English/British Exploration: • 1607 – Jamestown, Virginia • First permanent English settlement • 1620 – Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts • Pilgrims formed the Mayflower Compact, the root of our government

  8. English/British Exploration: • 1664 – New Amsterdam is taken from the Dutch and renamed New York

  9. England France Spain

  10. 1754 – 1763 • French & Indian War • Wars between Britain and France competing for control of North America • France and Britain each had American Indian allies • Treaty of Paris (1763) ends the war

  11. Road to the United States • 1770 – Boston Massacre • 1773 – Boston Tea Party • 1774 – First Continental Congress • 1775 – 1783 American Revolution • 1776 – Declaration of Independence

  12. United States of America Early 1800’s • Brand new country • Presidents elected • Government traditions established • Growing pains • 1803 – Louisiana Purchase • 1812 – 1814 • War of 1812 against Britain • Star Spangled Banner

  13. United States of America • 1819 – Spain cedes Florida to the USA • 1820 – Missouri Compromise • Free vs. Slave States • 1830 – Indian Removal Act • President Jackson forces the relocation of 50,000 Native Americans from the eastern part of the country to west of the MS river

  14. United States of America • 1836 – Texas declares its independence from Mexico (becomes a state in 1845) • 1838 – Trail of Tears • 15,000 Cherokee Indians forced from Georgia to Oklahoma • 4,000 died from starvation • 1846 – 1848 • Mexican War (US gains western land)

  15. United States of America • 1848 – 1849 • California Gold Rush • 1860 • Abraham Lincoln elected President • South Carolina secedes from the USA • 1861 • 5 more states secede from the USA and form the Confederate States of America

  16. Civil War North South • United States of America • Yankees • Billy Yank • President: • Abraham Lincoln • General: • Ulysses S. Grant • Confederate States of America • Rebels • Johnny Reb • President: • Jefferson Davis • General: • Robert E. Lee

  17. Civil War • April 1865 • Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.

  18. Late 1800s • 1863 – Homestead Act allows settlers to claim 160 acres of land • 1865 – Thirteenth Amendment ratified, prohibiting slavery • 1867 – USA buys Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million

  19. Which all brings us to: Unit One (Westward Expansion) AND Unit Two (Industrialization)