Objectives • To understand the theory behind hinge questions. • To understand how hinge question improve teaching and learning in Business Studies.
HINGE QUESTIONSA Hinge question is based on the concept that it is critical for pupils to understand key topics before moving on
The idea behind Hinge Questions • As the teacher you become more aware of the progress of individual pupils. • Tasks are targeted accurately to their level of understanding • As you teach, the students level becomes more apparent and then you can tailor the lesson to their needs • Ultimately each student should therefore be challenged because they are given appropriately pitched tasks.
Timing of hinge questions The question should fall about midway during the lesson. Every student must respond to the question within two minutes. You must be able to collect and interpret the responses from all students in 30 seconds
Answering Hinge Questions There are numerous ways to gather responses to your hinge questions • White boards • ABCD cards • Paper Scissor Stone • Fingers
In Business Studies Using 6 key topic areas: • Ownership (Liability) • Production (Mass, batch, flow) • Finance (Breakeven) • External Factors (SWOT/PEST) • Recruitment & selection (R&S process) • Marketing (The 4 P’s)
Objectives Be able to identify the Breakeven point on a graph To describe the Breakeven point To understand the reason for calculating the breakeven point
Assuming last lessons learning (fixed & variable costs) can be used as the foundations to this lesson The BREAKEVEN point
Business Costs RENT RAW MATERIALS A - Variable cost, these increase as the firms output increases B - Fixed cost, these don’t vary with output
INSURANCE – for the building and staff WAGES –£ 6 per hour PACKAGING £18,000 a year SALARY TRANSPORTING the products INTEREST payments on loans/mortgages Consolidating last lessons learning FIX OR VARIABLE ? FIX OR VARIABLE ?
Circle the point at which you believe the business has broken EVEN. CLUE - The Cake business is not making a PROFIT or a LOSS
B C A Q. 1 - Either A,B or C is the breakeven point. Two costs are even at the breakeven point. Which circle indicates the breakeven point? Q. 2 – In the exam you need to be able to explain the breakeven point without the use of a diagram. The breakeven point is……………….. (use key terms)
Breakeven Definition – total costs are equal to total revenue SO WHY! As the manager of this cake factory why should I bother working out the breakeven point? Is it because: (Paper) – it shows me how much profit the business will make (Scissors) – it shows me the difference between fixed and variable costs (Stone) – it shows me the number crates I need to sell to cover my costs
PAPER & SCISSORS Q. - What is the breakeven level of sales for this cake factory (figure & mark it on the graph) Q. – Using the breakeven table and the blank graph create a new breakeven graph BREAKEVEN EVEN TABLE STONE Q – Discuss why the manger of the cake business needs to work out the breakeven point of sales. Think about changing costs, changing price, changing production output, staffing levels Q (Extension) – Why might the cake factory manger be wary of the breakeven point as a performance analysis and decision making tool.
Questioning in English A B C D Where is the verb in this sentence? The dog ran across the road
Maths • What can you say about the means of the following two data sets? • Set 1: 10 12 13 15 • Set 2: 10 12 13 15 0 • The two sets have the same mean. • The two sets have different means. • It depends on whether you choose to count the zero.
Science • How could you increase the temperature of boiling water? • Add more heat. • Add more water. • You can’t increase the temperature of boiling water. • Add Salt
MFL - French • I will go in French A – J’allerai B – J’irai C – J’ai allé D – Je vais aller
Questioning in history: discussion • In which year did World War II begin? • 1919 • 1938 • 1939 • 1940 • 1941
Maths Which of the shapes below contains a dotted line that is also a diagonal?
Hinge Questions More Examples are available • Go to the tool kit in the Afl folder - shared area.