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WHITETAIL DEER

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WHITETAIL DEER. DESCRIPTION. 3-3 1/2 feet tall weight: 150 lbs (largest buck was 425lbs). color shading changes twice a year spring - new coat is bright reddish brown fall/winter - hair is blueish to grayish-brown. albinism - genetic change that prevents pigments from forming in body

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'WHITETAIL DEER' - hadassah-haynes


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Presentation Transcript
description
DESCRIPTION
  • 3-3 1/2 feet tall
  • weight: 150 lbs (largest buck was 425lbs)
slide3
color shading changes twice a year
    • spring - new coat is bright reddish brown
    • fall/winter - hair is blueish to grayish-brown
slide4
albinism - genetic change that prevents pigments from forming in body
    • hair is white, eyes pink, hooves gray
slide5
Albinism (cont.)

- more common is partial albinos

- usually have hearing deficiency

- normal deer avoid them

slide7
4 glands
    • interdigital gland - between hooves
    • metatarsal gland - between hooves and heel on hind leg
    • tarsal gland - inside leg on hock
    • lachrymal gland- front of eye
distribution
DISTRIBUTION
  • found everywhere in WI
  • from middle Canada to southern US
travel
TRAVEL
  • tend to move only in a 1 sq mile area
  • do not migrate - will starve to death, refuse to leave home range
habits
HABITS
  • buck lives separate from doe/offspring except during rut
  • usually start to feed at 4:30pm till 7am
slide12
creatures of habit - if not bothered will follow same routine, trails, etc. - will shift pattern due to weather and food availability
slide13
require 10-12 lbs of food to satisfy needs
  • herbivores
  • startled deer will run to nearest cover, then stop to see if followed
breeding
BREEDING
  • bucks lose antlers in december/jan.
  • doe’s estrus cycle is in Oct. -heat period of 30 hours; come into heat every 28 days
birth and young
BIRTH AND YOUNG
  • gestation period is 200-210 days
  • fawns born late May or June
slide16
fawns weigh 4 1/2 to 8 lbs at birth
  • does leave fawns and come back to nurse 5-8 times/day
  • at 3-4 weeks fawn will go with doe
life span
LIFE SPAN
  • life span of 8-11 year
    • most bucks killed before 5 yrs
    • does fertility decreases after age 9
senses
SENSES
  • smell - greatest sense
  • hearing - flicker ears to get sound
  • sight - quick to notice slight movements
communication
COMMUNICATION
  • fawn - bleats like a lamb
  • older deer sound like hoarse raspy sheep
slide20
stamp feet when nervous which causes vibrations in ground
  • signal danger by flashing white hair on rump
locomotion
LOCOMOTION
  • top speed is about 40 mph
  • can clear up to 8 feet from standing position
slide22
can jump 28 ft in length
  • will seek water if they can’t out run predator - good swimmers
enemies
ENEMIES
  • original predators - mountain lion and wolf
  • today - man and dogs
slide24
parasites
    • external: lice, fleas, mosquitoes, wood ticks
    • internal: lungworms, footworms, liver flukes, and tapeworms