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Water Crisis in Kenya. Team III James Chukinas Jr. David Joel Schoor Cohen Jonathan Robert Basso Sheng Zheng Engineering Design 100 Section 203. Table of Contents . Why are we here? Defining the need Background Information Brainstorming for Ideas Design Matrices

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water crisis in kenya

Water Crisis in Kenya

Team III

James Chukinas Jr.

David Joel Schoor Cohen

Jonathan Robert Basso

ShengZheng

Engineering Design 100

Section 203

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Why are we here?
  • Defining the need
  • Background Information
  • Brainstorming for Ideas
  • Design Matrices
  • The Final Solution(s)
  • Drawings
  • Cost Analysis
  • Business Opportunity
  • Concluding Remarks
why are we here
Why Are We Here?
  • Many villages in Kenya and the rest of Africa lack adequate water access
  • Propose ideas and possible design solutions to meet customers needs
  • Help these kids succeed
defining the need
Defining the need
  • Need for adequate water for irrigation and personal uses
  • Need for socioeconomic success
  • Need for sustainability
  • Need for profitability (For us and the Kenyans)
current living conditions
Current Living Conditions
  • 1 million people out of 33 million in Kenya have access to clean water
  • In Nyeri, poor people pay about

12 cents for 20 liters of water

average weather conditions
Average Weather Conditions
  • Lamuria, Kenya
  • Semi-Arid Central Highlands
  • 200-300mm of Yearly Rain
water catchment
Water Catchment

Rainwater

Groundwater

water storage
Water Storage

Personal

Community

drip irrigation
Drip Irrigation:
  • Up to 50% Water Reduction
  • Avoids watering weeds
  • Adapts easily to changes in landscape
  • Reduces erosion on slopes
additional ideas
Additional Ideas:
  • Drainage ponds
  • Lined with clay
  • Trenches dug on sloped surfaces to catch runoff
  • Used for irrigation purposes
combined systems approach
Combined Systems Approach
  • Combine catchment, storage and usage designs
  • Large rooftop catchment system
  • Personal water storage basin
  • Efficient Drip/Wastewater irrigation system
  • Construct out of clay or other readily available material
rainwater catchment tank
Rainwater Catchment + Tank
  • High capacity tank meant for long term storage of water for multiple uses
  • Gutter
    • Material: Affordable plastic gutter with UV protection
  • Storage Tank
    • Material: Aluminum or Plastic (Possibly Clay if meant for agriculture)
personal water storage basin
Personal Water Storage Basin
  • Meant for personal usage
  • Little materials needed to make
    • 55 gallon barrel
    • hose
  • Fills off of rooftop catchment system
  • Meets sustainability requirements
drip irrigation system
Drip Irrigation System
  • Utilizes wastewater and runoff
  • Buckets and Gravity do

work of watering soil

  • 200 Feet of Poly Micro Tubing
    • Cut holes 10”-12” apart
  • Hose (200 ft. = $10)
  • Buckets ( $2.55)
cost analysis
Cost Analysis
  • 300 Gallon Tank: $300 (per house) x 2
  • Personal Rain Barrel: $20 (per person) x 10
  • Leaders and Gutters: $200 (per house) x 2
  • Irrigation System: $7.55 (per 100ft.)
  • Shipping of Materials: $150
  • Total Cost of Project:

$1450

a business opportunity
A Business Opportunity
  • Profitable
  • Individual storage basins can be made and sold by Kenyans
  • Labor is readily available
future possibilities
Future Possibilities
  • Expansion of village from 10 to 300
  • Profitable Business
  • Helping Nation live sustainably
  • Help people become self sufficient and achieve success
in summation
In Summation…
    • Maximize water storage and acquisition through:
    • Personal Water Storage Basin
    • Drip Irrigation
    • Rainwater Catchment
  • Provide a sustainable water supply and potential business opportunity for both us and the Kenyan people