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Hosea PowerPoint Presentation


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Presentation Transcript

  1. Hosea “Salvation” 1:1 – 2:1

  2. Introduction • Similarities to Amos • Prophesied about the same time as Amos • Both prophets were sent to Israel • Differences with Amos • Amos was from Judah • Hosea is from Israel • Amos was blunt, harsh, condemning • Hosea is patient, compassionate, understanding • Both were sent to get Israel to repent • But sometimes a different approach works

  3. Background • His family • His father: Beeri, but nothing else known • No knowledge of his tribe • His wife: Gomer • His children: • Jezreel (son) • Lo-Ruhamah (daughter) • Lo-Ammi (son) • The family will be important to the message of Hosea

  4. Background • The Date (Hos 1:1) • During the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah (kings of Judah) • In Israel, this is the time of Jeroboam II, same king as during the service of Jonah and Amos • Hosea probably starts about the time Amos finishes prophesying near the end of Jeroboam’s reign and continuing to near the end of the nation • Isaiah and Micah are his contemporaries who are prophesying in Judah

  5. Background • The condition of the nation • For a back ground you could read 2 Kings 14-17 and 2 Chr 26-29 • Israel is nearing its end • Sin was rampant (as Amos warned) • Corruption (religious, moral, and political) increased more and more • “Harlotry” (“whoredom” KJV) is the word that sums up the nation; used 13 times in Hosea to describe the nation

  6. Understanding Hosea • God makes an analogy for His relationship with Israel out of Hosea’s relationship with Gomer • The analogy will be explained in chapters 1-3 • The analogy will be the basis for the rest of the teachings in the book

  7. The marriage • Hos 1:2-3 • Hosea commanded to marry “a wife of harlotry” • Does not say ‘marry a harlot’ • The phrase would refer to one who was brought up in harlotry • Could mean she was the child of a harlot • Could simply mean she was an ordinary Israelite since the entire nation is called a harlot • The parallel is to Israel’s spiritual harlotry • Israel had been “brought up” among idolaters • In Ur, Canaan, and Egypt • Israel wasn’t a harlot at first, but soon became one

  8. The children • Jezreel (Hos 1:4-5) • God says to name the son “Jezreel” • “Jezreel” mean “Jehovah scatters” • Is prophetic of God’s coming judgment • Jezreel was also the royal city of Israel during the reign of Ahab • Jehu brought an and to Ahab’s descendants • Murdered all Ahab’s relatives in the Valley of Jezreel (2 Kings 9 – 10) • God says the destruction of Jehu’s family was about to occur (penalty for Jehu’s and his descendants’ sins) • Jeroboam II was great-grandson of Jehu

  9. The children • Lo-Ruhamah (Hosea 1:6-7) • “Lo-Ruhamah” means “no mercy” • Served as an announcement that God was no longer going to be merciful to Israel • Didn’t destroy them when Jeroboam I sinned • Didn’t destroy them during Ahab’s reign • Didn’t let Assyria destroy them at the beginning of Jeroboam II’s reign • No more delays • But Israel’s punishment did not mean Judah would not receive mercy • God says mercy for Judah would come from Him, not any army

  10. The children • Lo-Ammi (Hosea 1:8-9) • “Lo-Ammi” means “not my people” • [Notice in verses 6 & 8 it does not say these children were Hosea’s; verse 3 clearly says the first was his] • In Chapter 2 Gomer is charged with harlotry • Prophecy of the coming complete rejection of the Israelite nation • It would be hard to imagine a more frightening pair of announcements • God will have no mercy and rejects them as His people

  11. Hope • A brighter future (Hosea 1:10 – 2:1) • A future when there will be a large number accepted as children of God • Not a future of earthly Israel • They had been rejected with no mercy • The fulfillment in Rom 9:22-26 • Jews and Gentiles in God’s kingdom • 1 Peter 2:9-10 • All those who have now received mercy

  12. Lessons • One’s upbringing is no excuse for sinful behavior • It may explain the behavior, but does not excuse • Everyone has a choice on how to live • Israel had grown up around idolatry, yet God expected her to be faithful to Him • Gomer grew up around harlotry and she should have been faithful to him • When we become God’s people, we are to be faithful to Him

  13. Lessons • God does not forget sins that haven’t been forgiven • Jehu went beyond God’s instructions in killing all Ahab’s relatives • Jehu fell short of God’s instructions by allowing idolatry (golden calves) to continue • Jehu may have thought he ‘had gotten away with it’ • His children continued in the same sins • But God still brought about His judgment in His own time

  14. Lessons • God is patient and merciful, but He will not remain so for all people for all time • Those who disobey have no claim on His mercy • God may be patient hoping for a change of heart • But judgment will come and then there will be no mercy • Even those who were once Christians will be rejected if they continue in sin • No “once saved, always saved” • Heb 10:26-31

  15. Conclusion • One final lesson . . . • There remains hope • God has always had a plan to save man • If not a Christian, become one – be baptized - and be forgiven of sins (Acts 2:38) • If a Christian who has sinned, repent and confess (1 John 1:9) • Why not act now while God remains patient and merciful?