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DRAMA. f iction represented in performance; comes from a Greek word meaning “action” . Key Terms . Staging – physical features (scenery, costumes, lighting, sound) and actors’ movements and way of speaking Stage Directions - (printed in italics and set in brackets)

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fiction represented in performance; comes from a Greek word meaning “action”

key terms
Key Terms
  • Staging – physical features (scenery, costumes, lighting, sound) and actors’ movements and way of speaking
  • Stage Directions- (printed in italics and set in brackets)
  • - Used by actors and directors to help produce the drama.
  • - Used by readers to help them visualize the characters, scenes and action that would occur on stage.
key terms1
Key Terms
  • Props – properties or small objects used by the actors
  • Soliloquy – lines in a play spoken by one character alone on the stage, in which his or her thoughts are revealed.
  • Upstage – the rear of the stage; the area farthest from the audience
  • Exposition – introduction of background information including setting, characters, events, etc.
key terms2
Key Terms
  • Wings – the side areas of the stage, out of view of the audience; the area where the actors wait for their entrances.
  • Backstage– the area behind the stage, not visible to the audience
  • Denouement – the final unraveling of the plot of a play; the solution or outcome
  • Downstage – the front of the stage; area nearest the audience
types of theaters stages
Types of Theaters/Stages
  • Proscenium – The traditional “theater” with a “picture frame” where the action takes place.

*”Breaking the Fourth Wall”

- The “fourth wall” is the side of the stage that faces the audience. When a performer directly addresses the audience, he is “breaking” the fourth wall.

types of theaters stages1
Types of Theaters/Stages
  • Thrust Theater– stage surrounded by audience on three sides. The fourth side serves as the background.
  • - Provides greater intimacy between the performers and audience.
types of theaters stages2
Types of Theaters/Stages
  • Theater in the Round or “Arena Theater” – the audience completely surrounds the stage area.
theater genres
Theater Genres
  • Tragedy
        • Serious in nature; something awful happens
        • Many cause and effect relationships
        • The protagonist is good, admired, usually upper class, often has too much pride. He always learns from his mistakes, but usually too late. He accepts his fate and takes responsibility for his actions.
        • Audience learns a lesson
theater genres1
Theater Genres
  • Comedy
        • Funny, physical, energetic
        • Behavior is silly and sometimes absurd
        • Audience learns not to behave in these ways
                  • Types of comedies: situation, romantic, sentimental, dark, comedy of manners, farce
                  • Comic devices: exaggeration, incongruity, surprise, repetition, wisecracks, sarcasm
theater genres2
Theater Genres
  • Melodrama
        • Strict moral judgments
        • Protagonist is usually a victim of circumstance, always innocent, and good guys are rewarded.
        • Antagonist is anti-hero, causes the suffering, and the bad guys are punished.
        • Exaggerated plot and characters.
                  • Examples: soap operas, cartoons
theater genres3
Theater Genres
  • Tragicomedy
        • Mix of comedy and tragedy
        • Most life-like of all genres
        • Non-judgmental; ends with no absolutes
        • Focus on character relationships
        • Shows society in a state of constant flux