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Secondary Literacy. Juley Harper, ELA Education Associate, DOE Denise Weiner, ELA Teacher in Residence, DOE. Who are you??. I am a Special Education Teacher or Coordinator I am a Content Area Teacher I am a Secondary ELA Teacher I am a Reading Teacher/Specialist I am an Administrator

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secondary literacy

Secondary Literacy

Juley Harper, ELA Education Associate, DOE

Denise Weiner, ELA Teacher in Residence, DOE

who are you
Who are you??
  • I am a Special Education Teacher or Coordinator
  • I am a Content Area Teacher
  • I am a Secondary ELA Teacher
  • I am a Reading Teacher/Specialist
  • I am an Administrator
  • I am a School Psychologist
  • I have a good understanding of RTI
  • RTI is completely new to me
  • The RTI process makes me apprehensive
  • Our district has elementary RTI in place for Reading
  • Our district has a Universal Screening Tool in place at the Secondary Reading Level (GATES, DAR, SRI)
  • My district uses NWEA/MAP Assessment
  • My district has block scheduling
  • I have had PD in Learning Focused Strategies
  • I have had PD in CRISS strategies
think about this
Think about this…

“Ensuring adequate ongoing literacy development for all students in the middle and high school years is a more challenging task than ensuring excellent reading education in the primary grades for two reasons:

  • Secondary school literacy skills are more complex, more embedded in subject matter and multi-faceted.
  • Adolescents are not universally motivated to read better or as interested in school-based reading as younger children.”
are you a tigger or an eeyore
Are you a Tigger or an Eeyore?

Randy Pausch, The Last Lecture

high school literacy differs from elementary school literacy

Focus on basic skills (learning to read)

Elementary: 90 minute block every day

One to Two teachers

Typically enjoy reading

Write creatively


Secondary: Focus on content (reading to learn)

45 class daily, 90 min. every other day

Five to Seven teachers

Typically DO NOT enjoy reading

Write essays and research

High School Literacy Differs from Elementary School Literacy
struggling readers in middle and high school
Struggling Readers in middle and high school…
  • Are usually less fluent readers
  • Have much smaller sight word vocabularies
  • Are less familiar with word meanings
  • Have less conceptual and content knowledge
  • Have less practice with text structures and genres
  • Have fewer and less-developed comprehension strategies
read the passage below
Read The Passage Below:

The Batsmen were merciless against the

Bowlers. The Bowlers placed their men

in slips and covers. But to no avail. The

Batsmen hit one four after another along

with an occasional six. Not once did

their balls hit their stumps or get caught.

answer these questions
Answer these questions…
  • Who were merciless against the Bowlers?
  • Where did the Bowlers place their men?
  • Was the strategy successful?
  • Who hit an occasional six?
  • How many times did the Batsmen’s balls hit a stump?

Subjects Matter- Every Teacher’s Guide to Content-Area Reading-Harvey Daniels and Steven Zemelman

interventions you may already be implementing
Interventions You May Already Be Implementing
  • Strategic tutoring
  • Peer tutoring
  • Extended day opportunities
  • Pre Teaching
  • Re Teaching
  • Reading Logs
  • KWL
  • CRISS Strategies
  • Remediation/Enrichment Classes
collaboration time
Collaboration Time
  • Interdisciplinary Teams
  • PLCs
  • Content Area Teams
  • Creative Scheduling
    • M,F-Content Meetings
    • T,TH-Team Meetings
    • W-6,2,2 Calls
hurdles problems
  • Need more research at the HS level
  • Financial Concerns
  • Time for Interventions
  • Staff to provide Interventions
  • Literacy in the Content Areas-I don’t teach reading????
  • Time to plan and collaborate
  • What do we do about grading? Credits? GPA?
  • Viewing Purchased instructional programs as Silver Bullets rather than aids to help well-trained teachers make informed decisions
  • Moving too quickly-taking on too many grade levels, tiers, or buildings in the first year
  • Lack of Parental involvement
  • PUBERTY! 
instructional scheduling
Instructional Scheduling
  • The use of double instructional blocks
  • Skinny
  • Extended day opportunities
  • Class within a class
  • The practice of interventions in lieu of electives
professional development
Professional Development
  • Content Teachers learn selected strategies (e.g., paraphrasing, self-questioning, visual imagery, word identification, textbook usage, sentence development)
  • Learning Focused Strategies-PD is free
  • CRISS training
  • DE Reading and Writing Project (UD)
content literacy continuum clc model
Content Literacy Continuum (CLC Model)
  • Used in VA state wide
  • Builds off powerful instructional planning and delivery within the core academic areas
  • Provides a continuum of research-validated, increased intensive intervention options through the use of ongoing assessment and monitoring
  • Secondary Literacy Intervention Program Guide
  • Targets middle and high school grades (5-12)
  • Based on research from University of Kansas Center for Research and Learning

the florida center for reading research
The Florida Center for Reading Research
  • Walk Through rubrics for administrators
  • Webcasts and podcasts
  • Power points
  • Assessment Tools
  • Assessment Research
  • Strategies/Resources
  • Research Articles

major points
Major Points
  • Intervene early
  • Match interventions to student need
  • Base all decisions on evidence