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Australia. History of Australia. Aborigines migrated from Asia at least 40,000 years ago. Aborigines had complex religious beliefs and social structures. Simple economy with hunting and gathering. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lUp9WnLYetg&feature=related.

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History of australia
History of Australia

  • Aborigines migrated from Asia at least 40,000 years ago.

  • Aborigines had complex religious beliefs and social structures.

  • Simple economy with hunting and gathering.



  • 1600-1700s, European explorers came to the islands.

  • British declare Australia to be Terra Nullius empty land.

    • Aborigines did not use the land the way Westerners did, therefore, the British had the right to take the land without treaties to the Aborigines.

  • 1788 Britain began to colonize Australia as a penal colony for prisoners.


  • Europeans settled on the most fertile land.

  • British colonists had violent conflicts with the Aborigines who tried to defend their land.

  • Aborigines forced to live on reserves  less productive land.

  • 1851, gold discovered bringing more Europeans.


  • 1901, Australian independence.

  • Australian government continued persecution of the Aborigines.

  • 1909-1969  government took 100,000 mixed-race children and gave them to white families to assimilate them.

    • Known as the Stolen Generation

  • Aborigines have less education and higher rates of poverty.



Australia s economy
Australia’s economy

  • Dependent on the production of farm goods.

  • Wool and mining are major industries.

    • Mining difficult  Outback conditions


Australia s culture
Australia’s culture

  • Most Australians are of British descent; 1% are Aboriginal.

  • Christianity is the major religion.

  • English is the official language.

  • Aborigines have ancient traditions that are NOT combined with British culture.


New zealand land of the kiwi

New Zealand“land of the Kiwi”

NEW ZEALAND


History of new zealand
History of New Zealand

  • New Zealand was settled by the Maori, who had migrated from Polynesia more than 1,000 years ago.

  • Maori lived by fishing, hunting, and farming.






  • New Zealand gained self-governance in 1907. Europe, America, and Australia.

  • 1893, New Zealand became the first country to grant women the vote.

  • Maori have lower education and live in higher poverty.

    • Working for claims to their original land.


New zealand economy
New Zealand economy Europe, America, and Australia.

  • New Zealand remains in the British Commonwealth.

  • Main export is the kiwi fruit, along with lamb.

  • 85% of people live in cities.


New zealand culture
New Zealand Culture Europe, America, and Australia.

  • New Zealand people are of British descent called pakehas (“white person” in Maori).

  • 15% of New Zealanders are of Maori descent.




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