Spiderman!. “With great power comes great responsibility”. YouTube Video . Chapter 4: Official and Countervailing Powers. Context Mr.Wilson – History 404. Power is .... "The ability to [intentionally] make people (or things) do what they would not otherwise have done." .
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“With great power comes great responsibility”
Mr.Wilson – History 404
Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)
No level of government has absolute or total power.
They each have their own responsibilities.
Responsible for Canada as a whole
Money, trade, shipping, defence and military, criminal law, relations with First Nations, immigration*, agriculture*
Responsible for the provinces
Natural resources, health and social services, education, highway transportation, civil law, public security, labour relations, immigration*, agriculture*
Responsible for cities and towns
Manage road work, recreation infrastructures, cultural activities, sewers, garbage & recycling, firefighters, public transportation
Tensions canoccurbetweendifferentlevels of government
The federalgovernmentcansometimesintervene in areas related to provincial responsibilities
Results in tension!
Usuallylawsfrom the superiorleveloverrulethose of the lowerlevel
Ex: Provincial law conflicting with federal charter
Bill 101 vs. Charter of Rights and Freedoms
What are the 3 different types of power in Canada?
Premier and Cabinet
Ministries and Departments
What groups have power and try to influence governments in power?
Interest Groups develop relationships with Members of the National Assembly [MNA] and pressure them.
This is often done using Lobbyists.
Lobbyists are those who represent an interest group that wants to influence the legislature.
All of this is to obtain laws that support their cause.
More then 40% of all workers in Quebec are Unionized.
Their main function is to defend the rights of their workers and to negotiate with their employers.
Non-Unionized workers are protected under the Loisur les normes du travail.
Fédérations des travailleurs du Quebec (FTQ)
Confédérations des syndicatsnationaux(CSN)
Centrale des syndicats du Quebec (CSQ)
Centrale des syndicatsdémocratiques (CSD)
These four big Unions influence a lot of voters as well as public opinion.
Tactics = protests & strikes
Professional Orders: Doctors, lawyers, engineers, etc.
Linguistic Groups: Société St-Jean Baptiste, Alliance Quebec
Environmental: Équiterre, Greenpeace
What is the point of all of these different groups? (From the Government all the way down to these tiny little interest groups…)