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Spiderman!. “With great power comes great responsibility”. YouTube Video . Chapter 4: Official and Countervailing Powers. Context Mr.Wilson – History 404. Power is ....  "The ability to [intentionally] make people (or things) do what they would not otherwise have done." .

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spiderman
Spiderman!

“With great power comes great responsibility”

YouTube Video

chapter 4 official and countervailing powers

Chapter 4: Official and Countervailing Powers

Context

Mr.Wilson – History 404

slide3
Power is ....  "The ability to [intentionally] make people (or things) do what they would not otherwise have done."

http://www.answers.com/topic/power-sociology

nearly all men can stand adversity but if you want to test a man s character give him power
“Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power.”

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

constitutional monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy
  • Canada is a constitutional monarchy
  • What does this mean? “monarchy”
    • #1: We have a head of state, Governor General, who represents the British monarchy
    • In provinces, the Lieutenant Governor does the same thing
    • However, they have NO REAL POWER - Only symbolic
slide6

Constitutional Monarchy

  • What does this mean? “constitution”
    • #2: The Canadian Constitution places political power in the hands of voters who elect representatives
levels of government

Levels of Government

No level of government has absolute or total power.

They each have their own responsibilities.

levels of government1
Levels of Government
  • What are the 3 levels of government in Canada?
    • Federal
    • Provincial
    • Municipal
  • Federal and Provincial governments have defined responsibilities outlined in the British North America (BNA) Act
  • Municipal responsibilities differ from province to province
federal
Federal

Responsible for Canada as a whole

Money, trade, shipping, defence and military, criminal law, relations with First Nations, immigration*, agriculture*

provincial
Provincial

Responsible for the provinces

Natural resources, health and social services, education, highway transportation, civil law, public security, labour relations, immigration*, agriculture*

municipal
Municipal

Responsible for cities and towns

Manage road work, recreation infrastructures, cultural activities, sewers, garbage & recycling, firefighters, public transportation

tensions
Tensions

Tensions canoccurbetweendifferentlevels of government

The federalgovernmentcansometimesintervene in areas related to provincial responsibilities

Results in tension!

Usuallylawsfrom the superiorleveloverrulethose of the lowerlevel

tensions1
Tensions

Ex: Provincial law conflicting with federal charter

Bill 101 vs. Charter of Rights and Freedoms

division of power

Division of Power

What are the 3 different types of power in Canada?

Executive

Legislative

Judicial

division of power1
Division of Power
  • Executive:
    • Propose the laws (bills)
    • Made up of elected leader and members of the political party with a majority
  • Legislative:
    • Vote on the laws
    • Made of up elected members of all political parties who represent the population
  • Judicial:
    • Uphold the laws
    • Made up of courts and judges
division of power in the federal government
Division of Power in the Federal Government
  • Who holds Executive power?
    • Prime Minister and his Cabinet
  • Legislative?
    • House of Commons - represent the population
  • Judicial?
    • Courts (ex. Superior Court & Court of Appeals)
division of power in the federal government1
Division of Power in the Federal Government
  • The Federal Government also has a Senate
  • Recommended by the PM and appointed by the Governor General
  • There are an equal number of Senators from each major region.
  • Work up to age 75
  • They adopt or insist on changes to Bills before being sanctioned (made official)
division of power in the provincial government
Division of Power in the Provincial Government
  • Who holds Executive power?
    • Premier and his Cabinet
  • Legislative?
    • National Assembly - represent the population
  • Judicial?
    • Courts (ex. Administrative court, Quebec court)
division of power in the provincial government1
Division of Power in the Provincial Government

Lieutenant Governor

(British Monarchy)

p. 151

National Assembly

(Legislative Power)

Elected Representatives

Government

(Executive Power)

Premier and Cabinet

Ministries and Departments

Courts

(Judicial Power)

Administrative Court

Quebec Court

Voters

division of power in the municipal government
Division of Power in the Municipal Government
  • WhoholdExecutive power?
    • Mayor and his city councillors
  • Legislative?
    • City council – represents the population
  • Judicial?
    • Courts (ex. Municipal courts)
so where is the opposition in all of this
So where is the opposition in all of this???

What groups have power and try to influence governments in power?

what are interest groups
What are Interest Groups?

Interest Groups develop relationships with Members of the National Assembly [MNA] and pressure them.

This is often done using Lobbyists.

what are lobbyist groups
What are Lobbyist Groups?

Lobbyists are those who represent an interest group that wants to influence the legislature.

All of this is to obtain laws that support their cause.

Media…

1 business groups
1) Business Groups
  • Private Enterprise = Conseil du Patronat
  • This group represents the private business owners in Quebec:
      • Favour innovation
      • Investment in private business.
      • Stable job opportunities.
      • Labour code
      • Parental Leave program
2 unions
2) Unions

More then 40% of all workers in Quebec are Unionized.

Their main function is to defend the rights of their workers and to negotiate with their employers.

Non-Unionized workers are protected under the Loisur les normes du travail.

the four biggies
The Four BIGGIES

Fédérations des travailleurs du Quebec (FTQ)

Confédérations des syndicatsnationaux(CSN)

Centrale des syndicats du Quebec (CSQ)

Centrale des syndicatsdémocratiques (CSD)

These four big Unions influence a lot of voters as well as public opinion.

Tactics = protests & strikes

other activist groups
Other Activist Groups

Professional Orders: Doctors, lawyers, engineers, etc.

Linguistic Groups: Société St-Jean Baptiste, Alliance Quebec

Environmental: Équiterre, Greenpeace

Feminist

Religious

Others?

one last question
One last Question?

What is the point of all of these different groups? (From the Government all the way down to these tiny little interest groups…)

which level of government is this person associated with
Which Level of Government is this person associated with?
  • The Federal Government
  • Prime Minister of Canada:
  • Stephen Harper
which level of government is this person associated with1
Which Level of Government is this person associated with?
  • The Provincial Government
  • Premier of Quebec:
  • Jean Charest
which level of government is this person associated with2
Which Level of Government is this person associated with?
  • The Municipal Government
  • The Mayor of Montreal:
  • Gerald Tremblay