My college Welcomes You Today’s Presenters:
Workshop Coordinated By: • Wisconsin Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (WASFAA) • Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) • Wisconsin Educational Opportunity Programs (WEOP) • Wisconsin Higher Educational Aids Board (HEAB) • Great Lakes Educational Loan Services (Great Lakes)
Today’s Agenda 8:00 – 8:30 Registration 8:30 – 8:45 Welcome Review of Agenda and Packet Materials College Goal Sunday 8:45 – 10:00 Financial Aid Fundamentals 10:00 – 10:15 Break 10:15 – 10:45 HEAB Update 10:45 – 11:15 DPI Update 11:15 – 12:00 FAFSA Filing Topics Today’s presentation may be accessed online at http://www.wasfaa.net/resources/presentations.asp or www.heab.wi.gov
College Goal Sunday “Weekend Edition”Saturday, Feb 21st & Sunday, Feb 22nd - 2:00pm • College Goal Sunday is a statewide event that will offer free assistance to families in completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) • Volunteer forms, marketing materials and additional information can be found on the website at www.WiCollegeGoalSunday.org • Scheduled at 20 sites throughout Wisconsin. • New this year: The event is being held on Saturday and Sunday. Check your site for the date!!!
College Goal Sunday…”Weekend Edition”Coming to a location near you!!! Saturday, February 21st Sunday, February 22nd
Financing Your Education • What is the goal of financial aid? • How is financial need determined? • How do I apply? • What aid is available? • What is the role of the financial aid office?
Goal of Financial Aid • To assist students in paying for school. • To provide opportunity and access to higher education. • To help “bridge” the gap between what the family can pay and the cost of education.
Principles of Needs Analysis • To the extent they are able, parents have primary responsibility to pay for their dependent children’s education. • Students also have a responsibility to contribute to their educational costs. • Families should be evaluated in their present financial condition. • A family’s ability to pay for educational costs must be evaluated in an equitable and consistent manner, recognizing that special circumstances can and do affect a family’s ability to pay.
Financial Aid Regulations • Are determined by federal and state statutes and legislators • Establish applicant’s eligibility for most types of aid • Are applicable to all schools
What Are the Costs? Tuition and Fees + Room and Board + Transportation + Books & Supplies + Miscellaneous Living Expenses = Cost of Attendance (COA)
Expected Family Contribution (EFC)(Federal Methodology established by U.S. Congress) Determined by filing the FAFSA www.FAFSA.ed.gov
Main Determinants of the EFC • Income of both student and parents • Assets of both student and parents • Family size • Number in College • Age of the older parent Adjustments to EFC may be made by the Financial Aid Office due to Verification and/or Special Circumstances that limit ability to pay
Expected Family Contribution (EFC) • Is the sum of four separate calculations: • Contribution from Parental Income • Contribution from Parental Assets • Contribution from Student Income • Contribution from Student Assets
Financial Need Defined Cost of Attendance (COA) – Expected Family Contribution (EFC) = Financial Need
EFC Calculation Example Family Size 4 Number in college 1 Parent AGI $ 68,400 Parent Untaxed Income $ 3,500 Parent’s Assets $ 45,000 Student’s AGI $ 4,500 Student’s Assets $ 3,000 Parent’s Contribution $ 6,957 (Parent’s Contribution from Assets = $0) +Student’s Contribution $ 1,070 (Student Income Contribution $470) (Student Contribution from Assets $600) =Expected Family Contribution: $ 8,027 (Note: 2008-2009 FM formula used)
You may be eligible for aid, but….. YOU MUST APPLY TO FIND OUT! And it’s free! NEVER pay to file the FAFSA! File the FAFSA each year. www.FAFSA.ed.gov
Application Process • Apply for PIN through Department of Education • Submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) prior to your school’s deadline • Submit any institutionalapplication materials(if required by your school) • Finalize school admission • Make sure to meet allrequired deadlines!
What is a PIN?www.pin.ed.gov • Personal Identification Number • Student and one parent must get their own PIN • Used to electronically sign the FAFSA • PIN delivery • Real time online (immediate) • By e-mail, with a link to retrieve your PIN • By regular mail in 7-10 days • Can also be used for: • Renewal on the Web • Corrections on the Web • National Student Loan Database • Signing promissory notes for student/parent loans (Perkins, Stafford, PLUS)
FAFSA Processing Flowchart Schools #1 - #10 FAFSA STUDENT FAFSA PROCESSING CENTER Database Matches Student Aid Report Wisconsin Higher Educational Aids Board (HEAB)
College Scholarship Service /PROFILE(used by some private schools) • Collects additional data • Targets non-federal funds • Supports Institutional Methodology (IM) as well as Federal Methodology (FM) • Supports early estimates/early admission
Timelines • A PIN may be obtained at any time prior to filing the FAFSA. • The earliest a student can file the FAFSA for the 2009-2010 academic year - January 1, 2009. • Check with schools for institutional deadlines and requirements. • Failure to apply early may result in less aid, even if eligible. • Students must renew the FAFSA every year. Renewal notification is sent to students towards the end of each calendar year.
What is Financial Aid? • Scholarships • Grants • Work Study Employment • Loans
Three primary sources of funding: • US Department of Education • The federal agency that provides funding in the form of grants, scholarships and loans. • State • Most states have agencies that administer state scholarship and grant programs, college savings and prepaid tuition programs, and loans. The Higher Educational Aids Board (HEAB) manages state aid in Wisconsin. • Colleges & Universities • Schools may offer their own scholarship, grant, work-study and loan programs, with each setting its own requirements.
Gift Aid (FREE $$$) Grants & Scholarships • Federal • Federal Pell Grant • Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (SEOG) • Academic Competitiveness Grant (ACG) • National SMART Grant • TEACH Grant • State • Institutional • Private/outside scholarships
Academic Competitiveness Grant (ACG) • First year grant is $750 • For students who will be new freshman in 2009-10 the following criteria are required: • U.S. Citizen AND • Enrolled in a 2 or 4-year program AND • Pell eligible AND • Full Time AND • Graduated from high school after 1/1/2006 AND • Completed a rigorous high school curriculum as defined by the state • Second year grant is $1300 • Same criteria as above AND • Must have a minimum 3.0 GPA AND • Graduated from high school after 1/1/2005
National Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (SMART) Grant • Up to $4000 in 3rd and 4th years of undergraduate study • Eligibility requires include: • U.S. Citizen • Pell Eligible • Full Time • 3.0 Cumulative G.P.A. • Enrolled in an eligible program of study • Computer Science, Engineering, Critical Foreign Languages, Life Sciences, Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Technology, or Multidisciplinary Studies
ACG/SMART Grant Information Academic Competitiveness Grant (ACG) http://www.fsa4counselors.ed.gov/clcf/AcademicGrants.html National Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (SMART) Grant http://www.fsa4counselors.ed.gov/clcf/SmartGrants.html
Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education (TEACH) Grant • Created by College Cost Reduction and Access Act (9/27/07) and effective for the 2008-2009 award year • Provides a TEACH grant of $4,000 for each academic year during which the teacher candidate is in full time attendance at a participating institution. • Applicant must agree to serve as a full-time teacher for at least 4 academic years within 8 years after completing education for which the applicant received a TEACH grant teach in a public or other qualified nonprofit private elementary or secondary school in a high-need field • If a recipient fails or refuses to comply with this service obligation, the sum of the TEACH grant amounts the recipient received shall be treated as a Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford Loan and shall be subject to repayment with interest from the date of the grant award. • Check with specific schools to determine if they are participating in the TEACH Grant program • FAFSA is the TEACH Grant Application:
Fund for Wisconsin Scholars (FFWS) • The FFWS is a private charitable foundation that has been funded with a $175 million founding gift. It will provide grants to talented, lower-income graduates of Wisconsin public high schools attending a public college, university or technical school in Wisconsin. Grants are gifts and do not need to be repaid. For More Information: www.ffws.org Contact: Mary Gulbrandsen, Executive DirectorP.O. Box 5506Madison, WI 53705-0506 Ph: firstname.lastname@example.org
Wisconsin Covenant • Goal: Make sure that every Wisconsin 8th grader knows that higher education is an option if they are willing to work hard during high school. • Students pledge to graduate, maintain at least a “B” average, take classes that prepare them for higher education, and be good citizens. • Students who fulfill the pledge are guaranteed a place in a Wisconsin college or university and a financial aid package based on the family’s financial need that helps make college more affordable. • Students can sign the pledge between April of their 8th grade year and September of their 9th grade year. Students in the Class of 2011 were the first to sign the Wisconsin Covenant Pledge. • Wisconsin Covenant Students will apply for financial aid in the same way that other students do.
Wisconsin Covenant For more information: www.WisconsinCovenant.wi.gov Contact: Office of the Wisconsin Covenant PO Box 7869 Madison, WI 53707 608-267-9389 WisconsinCovenant@wi.gov
Self-Help Aid Employment (must be earned as wages) • Federal Work-Study • Institutional Work Programs • Off Campus employment Loans (must be repaid with interest) • Federal Perkins Loan • Federal Stafford Loans (school determines the loan program) • Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program • William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program • Federal PLUS Loan (parent) • State Loans • Institutional Loans • Private-Alternative Loans
Federal Student Loans Every family should file a FAFSA. Regardless of income, every student qualifies for a Federal Stafford loan, if they meet the basic eligibility requirements. Benefits of a federal student loan: • You don’t have to repay until you leave school • Lower interest rates than private loans or credit cards • Credit record is not needed • Co-signer is not required
PLUS vs. Private/Alternative Loan • Compare the Differences: • Interest Rate • Borrower/Cosigner requirements & qualifications • Minimum and Maximum loan amounts • Interest accrual • Deferment & Forbearance options • Fees (origination and repayment) • Repayment period • Consolidation options
Borrowing Tips! • Before borrowing, think about your ability to make the monthly payment when you leave school • Borrowers are free to choose any participating lender • Borrow only what is needed for direct educational expenses and avoid borrowing funds for discretionary spending
How to Compare Financial Aid Offers • Start with tuition, fees, room and board • Subtract grant and scholarship offers only • The difference is your “net cost” • Always compare net cost • Do not subtract Federal Work Study as a lump sum disbursement because students are paid for hours worked
Other Financing Options • School Payment Plans (spread over several months) • Home Equity Loans (longer repayment, tax deductible) • Life Insurance Policy Loans • Pension Plan Loans • 529 Plan withdrawals
Government Resources • Corporation for National and Community Service • Veteran’s benefits and tuition waivers • ROTC Scholarships and/or stipends • Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Grants • State Divisions of Vocational Rehabilitation (DVR) • Health and Human Services Loan and Scholarship Programs
Other Sources of Funds • Parental Affiliations • Employers & Labor Unions • Religious and Community Organizations • Clubs and Civic groups • Civic organization scholarships • High School • Local Public Library • Private business scholarships
Sample Questions for the Financial Aid Office 1) What is the average cost for the first year? Estimates for future years? 2) Does applying for aid affect the admission decision? 3) What type of aid does the school have? Need-based or Merit? 4) What applications, besides the FAFSA, are needed to apply for aid? 5) What is the priority deadline date for all types of financial aid? 6) When will I be notified about a financial aid award? 7) How does the aid package normally change from year to year? 8) What are the conditions of the aid package? 9) Is there an opportunity to appeal if the package isn’t enough? 10) How is financial aid applied to your bill for tuition, fees, etc.? If you have any other questions or concern aboutthe financial aid process, contact the financial aidoffice at your school. Your FinancialAid Administrator is there to help.
Goals of State Financial Aid • Eliminate financial barriers and ensure educational opportunity for all Wisconsin citizens consistent with their individual abilities, interests, and ambitions. • Support educational diversity by allowing students freedom to choose among the various educational offerings.