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List 6

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List 6

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  1. List 6 Ecosystems

  2. 1. organism Any living thing that can carry out its life on its own.

  3. 2. Ecosystem All the living and non living things in an environment including their interactions with each other.

  4. 3. Individual • A single organism in an environment

  5. 4. Ecologist The scientist who studies how people and other things interact.

  6. 5. Ecology The study of how living and non living things interact.

  7. 6. Population • All the members of one species in an area

  8. 7. Abiotic factor A non living part of an ecosystem

  9. 8. Biotic factor • A living part of an ecosystem

  10. 9. community • all living things in an ecosystem

  11. 10. Habitat the place where a plant or animal naturally lives and grows

  12. 11. niche • The role of an organism in a community

  13. 12. Biome • One of Earth’s largest ecosystems with its own kind of climate, soil, plants, and animals. There are smaller ecosystems within the Biomes.

  14. 13. grassland • A biome where grasses, not trees are the main plant life. Prairies are one kind of grassland

  15. 14. Taiga • A cool forest biome of conifers in the upper northern hemisphere

  16. 15. desert • A sandy or rocky biome with little precipitation and little plant life

  17. 16. Deciduous Forest • A forest biome with many kinds of trees that lose their leaves each autumn. We live in this type of Biome.

  18. 17. Tropical Rain Forest • A hot biome near the Equator with much rainfall and a wide variety of life

  19. 18. Tundra • A rolling plain with low temperatures and long winters. Only small plants. Covered with permafrost.

  20. 19. Coniferous Forest • Coniferous forests consist mostly of conifers, trees that grow needles instead of leaves, and cones instead of flowers. Conifers tend to be evergreen, that is, they bear needles all year long. These adaptations help conifers survive in areas that are very cold or dry. Some of the more common conifers are spruces, pines, and firs.

  21. 20. Aquatic/Marine • Body of water biome. Includes salt water and freshwater areas.

  22. 21. evergreen • A plant that retains green leaves throughout the year.

  23. 22. Fresh water • Water that is not salty

  24. 23. saltwater • Water with salt in it

  25. 24. ocean •  The whole body of salt water which covers more than three fifths of the surface of the globe; -- called also the sea, or great sea

  26. 25. estuary • The wide part of a river where it meets the sea; fresh and salt water mix

  27. 26. wetlands • A low area where the land is saturated with water. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, and bogs.

  28. 27. marsh •  Low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation

  29. 28. pond • A fairly small body of still water.

  30. 29. lake • A large body of water surrounded by land

  31. 30. Terrestrial • A system of plants, animals, nutrients and elements, and the interactions between them, that is found on the land

  32. 31. drifters • Something that continually moves from place to place • Example: Plankton : are any organisms that live in the water and are incapable of swimming against a current, so they drift

  33. 32. swimmers • To move through water by means of the limbs, fins, or tail.

  34. 33. crawlers • An organism that crawls on the floor surface to move about an area

  35. 34. anchored • To be attached to the bottom and not able to move around freely