The End Game of Human Conflict Predicted by Hobbes. Genocide in Europe. Holocaust: 6 Millions Jews Killed by Nazi Germany: 1939-1945 7,000+ Bosnian Muslims killed by Serbian forces at Screbenica in 1995 . Genecide in Africa and Asia.
PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The End Game of Human Conflict Predicted by Hobbes' - guinevere
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
(1) Under conditions of interdependence and scarce resources, human preferences for favorable outcomes of these exchanges are in perpetual conflict: power, wealth, status, sexual primacy, property, etc
(2) Failure of appeals to religion, nature, self-interest, custom, or prevailing law to resolve these conflicts non-coercively reduces a conflict to an exchange of violence or coercive threats
(3) Violence as the means to get what one wants has no other object, as such, than eliminating an opponent or imposing one’s will through coercion
(4) If human exchanges are reduced to violence, an infinite regress emerges: a pure relation of exchanges of violence and coercive threats in which the object(s) sought are reduced to the violent struggle or duel.
“Whatsoever. . . is consequent to a time of Warre, where everyman is Enemy to every man. . . wherein men live without security, than what their own strength, and their own invention shall furnish them withall. In such condition, there is no place for Industry, because the fruit thereof is uncertain; and consequently no Culture of the Earth; no Navigation, nor use of the commodities that may be imported by Sea; no commodious Building; no Instruments of removing such things as require much force; no Knowledge of the face of the Earth; no account of time; no Arts; no Letters, no Society, and which is worst of all, continuall feare, and danger of violent death.”
The tendency toward pure conflict is inherent in interdependent societal exchanges
Any solution to impede or preclude this tendency by force or deterrent threats is also vulnerable to violence and coercive threats
All solutions to societal order, i.e., the concentration of a monopoly of violence in a state to arbitrate disputes, prevent civil war, and protect a nation is provisional and cannot be be resolved other than by countervailing violence or its threat.
The state or its ruling government are also subject to being overturned by force and violence
The Peloponnesian War: Athens changes from a consensual to a coercive hegemon
Relations with adversaries and allies are reduced to power: “. . . The strong do what they have the power to do and the weak accept what they have to accept.”
Limits on power, hitherto accepted and acknowledged by Athens and those Greek states deferring to its power, are abandoned by Athens under perceived conditions of a struggle for survival and leadership of the Peloponnesian states