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Geogrpahy and Early History of Africa PowerPoint Presentation
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creation story of the kikuyu
Creation Story of the Kikuyu
  • People from the land of Kenya
    • Called the Kikuyu
  • Used to explain how they are connected to the land
    • “This land I hand over to you. O man and woman it’s yours to rule and farm in peace, sacrificing only to me, your God, under my sacred tree.”
  • ?? Why do cultures have creation stories ??
vast continent
Vast Continent
  • Africa is the world’s second (2nd) largest continent
  • Location on the Earth:
    • Africa is located on the Equator (1/2 of the country is above and ½ below)
    • Between the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean
    • Mediterranean SeaandRed Sea border it as well

Explain the importance of

being surrounded by

oceans and seas.

regions of africa
Regions of Africa
  • Main Regions of Africa are:
    • North Africa- from Morocco to Egypt.
    • West Africa- south of the Sahara Desert.
    • East Africa- Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, etc…
    • Central Africa- Democratic Republic of the Congo (On the Equator).
    • Southern Africa- from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean.
  • Look at page 62 in your textbook (Map of Africa)

Geography helps to determine lifestyle and culture

landforms of africa
Landforms of Africa
  • Most of Africa is plateau region
    • Plateau- large area of high flat, or gently rolling land
  • These plateaus are at different elevations throughout Africa
    • Escarpments- steep cliffs that divide the plateau from the coastal plain
    • Cataracts- large waterfalls and rapids
  • Changes in elevation cause the rivers to change course and direction
  • Explain how these cataracts would have made passage on the rivers problematic.
great rift valley
Great Rift Valley
  • Goes through the Eastern part of Africa
    • See page 61 in your textbook
  • It is a giant fault (break in the Earth’s crust)
    • From the Red Sea to the Zambezi River
  • High cliffs surround the valley and deposit rich soil into the valley
  • Many minerals and metals are also here
  • Costly and dangerous to mine these areas
  • Rivers provide:
    • Fish, Irrigation, and transportation
    • Hydroelectric Power- energy produced from moving water

This is how the

power of water

is used to



What is important about this method ??

  • The Nile- flows for 4,160 miles (largest in the world)
    • Played a major role in human development
    • Deposits rich soil onto the land for farming
    • Aswan Dam created in 1970 for hydroelectric power
    • Begins in the highlands of East Africa and flows northward across Africa
  • Congo River- drains the area of Central Africa
    • Major source of hydroelectric power
    • Large parts are unable to be navigated
  • Niger River- starts in Sierra Leone and Guinea
    • Forms a large swamp by the Sahara
    • Major transportation route for ships and barges
  • Zambezi River- flows in Southern Africa
    • Flows over Victoria Falls
natural resources
Natural Resources
  • Africa’s rivers provide many precious metals and minerals
    • Gold and Diamonds
  • Vast resources of precious minerals were the reason that European powers carved up Africa
  • Examples:
    • Oil, diamonds, gold, cobalt, copper
  • Resources are distributed unevenly through the country

What problems would this have caused?