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Advantages and disadvantages of container gardening Cultural requirements and issues pertaining container gardening What to plant in containers

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Container Gardening:

Objectives

  • What you’ll learn today…
  • Advantages and disadvantages of container gardening
  • Cultural requirements and issues pertaining
  • container gardening
  • What to plant in containers
container gardening
Container gardening
  • What is container gardening?
    • Container gardening is growing vegetables __________________________ and not in the ground
  • Has been practiced for 1000’s of years
    • Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • Container gardens can be a way for elderly or disabled to garden
advantages of container gardening
Advantages of container gardening
  • Can grow vegetables _________ ________ _____________
  • Can grow vegetables where __________ ______________ is impossible
    • Apartments
    • Patios
  • Can soften harsh landscapes
  • Provides source of fresh food
differences from growing vegetables in ground
Differences from growing vegetables in ground
  • Container gardening is less forgiving of mistakes – WHY? _____________________
  • Environment harsher for plants in containers – WHY? _____________________________
  • Plants have limited root volume
  • Easier to control environment in containers
  • Fewer problems with weeds
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Check out this website for more information. Pictures are also from this site. http://home.messiah.edu/~jebeneze/ UrbanAgriculture/Garden.htm

Rooftop wading pool gardens

Feed sack gardens

the big thing to remember with container gardening
The Big Thing to Remember with Container Gardening…

YOU are providing everything that the _____________

________________ provides to an in-ground garden

There’s a lot to think about!

what s needed to grow healthy vegetables in containers
What’s needed to grow healthy vegetables in containers?
  • A sufficient supply of nutrients
    • Especially the __________ ______________
    • Regular fertilization is important
    • Liquid fertilizer easiest to use for containers
  • The right pH
    • ________ to __________
  • Watering
    • One of the most important things!
    • Frequency and amount depends on root area, plant, and environment
    • Some vegetables will need watering very day
putting the container in container gardening
Putting the Container in Container Gardening…
  • Considerations with containers
    • Vegetable grown will determine

size of container

    • Avoid containers with __________ openings
    • Cheap plastic pots will deteriorate rapidly in UV light
    • Terracotta pots __________ _______ rapidly
    • Wood containers
      • Tend to rot
      • Cedar or redwood are less susceptible to rot
      • Avoid wood treated with creosote, penta, or other toxic compounds
more container info
More Container Info
  • Considerations with containers
    • Use ________ enough and _________ enough containers to allow good root growth
    • _________-_____________ containers lessen heat absorption and encourage even root growth
    • 6-10 inch size adequate for green onion, parsley, herbs
    • 5 gallon size good for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant
drainage in container gardens
Drainage in Container Gardens
  • Good drainage
    • Make sure media does not retain too much moisture
    • _______ media to allow for air space and drainage
    • Containers must have adequate drain holes
    • Make sure holes are not blocked
    • Add _________ of coarse gravel at the bottom of the container to improve drainage
temperatures light photoperiod
Temperatures, Light, & Photoperiod
  • Air and soil temperature
    • Air temperatures can be substantially ________________ than over bare ground
    • Soils in containers can become quite hot or cold
    • Select vegetables according to the environment
  • Sufficient light and correct photoperiod
    • Need at least ____________ of direct sunlight
    • Order of amount of light needed
      • Fruiting > Root vegetables > Leaf vegetables
    • Artificial lights can extend _______________
air exchange root growth
Air Exchange & Root Growth
  • Plants need ample air exchange
    • _____________ and other toxic substances do not build up
  • Root area
    • Critical factor in container gardening
    • Want container size/ root

volume as large as possible

    • Otherwise plants can become ___________________
growing vegetables herbs what you ll want
Growing Vegetables & Herbs:What You’ll Want
  • Requirements
    • Continuous yield
    • Easy to grow
      • Do not have a lot of insect or disease problems
    • Choose plants you’ll like eating
    • Compact, low growing, ________, or ___________ varieties
    • Colorful foliage or fruits:

ornamental &

________________

suggestions for herbs cultivars
Suggestions for Herbs & Cultivars
  • Kitchen herbs
    • Basil
    • Rosemary
    • Chives
    • Sage
    • Thyme
  • Pots or baskets of tomato plants
    • Use cultivars bred for _________________________
    • Totally Tomatoes’ container gardening pack…
more vegetable suggestions
More Vegetable Suggestions
  • Pots of hot peppers
    • Small colorful fruit
  • Window boxes
    • Leaf lettuces or _________

mixtures

    • Different types of radishes
  • Cucumbers on trellises
  • Hanging baskets
    • ________ _________ _________
ad