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swine flu hog flu pig flu
Swine Flu , Hog Flu , Pig Flu
  • It is a strain of influenza family of viruses and the sub type is influenza A.It is also known as H1N1.
  • Swine influenza is very common throughout pig population in the world.
  • People with regular exposure to Pigs are at an increased risk of contracting the infection.
  • The meat of an infected animal poses NO RISK of infection when properly cooked.
history
History
  • The first swine Flu was detected in 1918 pandemic.
  • The H1N1 form of Swine Flu is one of the desendents that caused the 1918 pandemic.
  • In the pandemic about 50 million people were killed world wide.
  • 1976 outbreak in US.
  • 2007 outbreak in Philippines in swine.
  • 2009 outbreak in Humans.
signs and symptoms
Signs and Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Sore Throat
  • Body ache
  • Head ache
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
slide5
The most common causes of death
  • 1. Respiratory failure
  • 2. Pneumonia
  • 3. High Fever
  • 4. Dehydration
slide6
Deaths are more common in Immuno- compromised host
  • In asthmatics
  • In COPD
  • In diabetics
  • In HIV patients
  • In cirrhotics
  • In children
prevention of human to human transmission
Prevention of Human to Human transmission
  • Spreads from Human to Human through coughing , sneezing and people touching objects with the virus on it.
  • Humans are most contagious in the first 5 days.
  • To prevent :
  • Washing hands with soap and water or using alcohol based hand sanitisers.
slide8
Small droplets containing virus can linger on table tops , telephones , door handles , lift buttons.
  • Virus can spread upto a distance of 1 metre by coughing or sneezing.
  • Social distancing.
slide9
You can prevent the spread the germs by:
  • Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  • Washing your hands often with soap and water especially after you cough or sneeze / can use alcohol based hand sanitisers.
  • Avoiding touching your eyes , nose or mouth.Germs spread this way.
  • Trying to avoid close contact with sick people.
  • Staying home from work if you sick.
slide10
WHO has recommended that wearing of masks can reduce the transmission of the influenza virus.
  • Mainly , correct use , regular supplies and proper disposal facility.
  • Specially , individuals who are in close contact with people with flu like symptoms.For example providing care to family members.
  • Using a mask incorrectly however may actually increase the risk of transmission.
general advice
General Advice
  • Following general measures are more important than wearing a mask
  • For individuals who are well :
  • Maintain a distance of atleast one metre who has flu like symptoms.
  • refrain from touching mouth and nose
  • Perform hand hygiene frequently.
  • Reduce the time spent in close contact with the person as much as possible.
  • Reduce time spent in crowded settings.
slide12
Improve air flow in your living space by opening windows.
  • For individuals with flu like symptoms:
  • Stay at home and follow health recommendations.
  • Keep distance from healthy individuals of atleast 1 m.
  • Cover your mouth or nose while coughing or sneezing with tissues.Dispose tissues immediately after use or wash the napkin.
  • Clean hands immediately.
treatment
Treatment
  • Two drugs are effective :
  • oseltamivir (Tamiflu) - 75 mg twice daily for 5 days.Should be started within 2 days of the suspected disease.
  • Chemoprophylaxis - 75 mg daily after last known exposure atleast 5 - 7 days.
  • Zanamivir - available as inhaled powder.10 mg twice daily for 5 days.
  • Side effects of Tamiflu : Mild to moderate nausea vomiting.
  • Occasional serious skin reactions , allergic reactions.
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • The only way to diagnose it is to give your blood samples at Kasturba hospital .
  • A throat swab is taken , fasting not required and the report is got after 48 hours.
  • Actually the samples are sent National Institute of Virology , Pune for testing H1N1.
  • Incase positive , Tamiflu is to be started immediately.
thermal scan
Thermal Scan

No Vaccine against H1N1 available so far.