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Assistive Technology

Assistive Technology

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Assistive Technology

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  1. Assistant Technology By: Candace Witherspoon

  2. What Is It? • Assistive Technology – is any device that is used to support the health and activity of a disabled person.

  3. The Law • The Assistive Technology Act was first passed by Congress and signed by the President as the Technology-Related Assistance Act of 1988. It’s often called the Tech Act for short and has been reauthorized in 1994, 1998, and 2004. • The Tech Act is intended to promote people’s awareness of, and access to, assistive technology  (AT) devices and services. The Act seeks to provide AT to persons with disabilities, so they can more fully participate in education, employment, and daily activities on a level playing field with other members of their communities. The Act covers people with disabilities of all ages, all disabilities, in all environments (early intervention, K-12, post-secondary, vocational rehabilitation, community living, aging services, etc.)

  4. Type Of Technology • Deaf Alarm Clock • Braille • Audio Books • Mouth Stick • Single Stick

  5. Alarm Clock • A deaf alarm clock is an alarm clock that is usually hooked up to a louder alarm, a strobe light, or a vibrator. • An alarm clock with a louder alarm will wake up a person with minimal hearing loss. When the alarm clock goes off, it is much louder than your average alarm clock, and most people with a small amount of hearing loss are able to hear it. • An alarm clock with a strobe light will wake up a person with more severe hearing loss. The strobe light is connected to the alarm clock. When the alarm goes off, the strobe light will flash brightly and wake the deaf person up. • An alarm clock with a bed vibrator will also wake up a person with a more severe hearing loss. The vibrator is connected to the alarm clock and is also attached to the bed. When the alarm goes off, the bed will shake and wake up the deaf person. • An alarm clock with a pillow vibrator wakes up a severely deaf person as well. The vibrator is connected to the alarm clock and is placed under the deaf person's pillow. When the alarm goes off, the pillow will shake and wake the deaf person up.

  6. BRAILLE • Braille is writing system which enables blind and partially sighted people to read and write through touch. • It was invented by Louis Braille (1809-1852), who was blind and became a teacher of the blind. It consists of patterns of raised dots arranged in cells of up to six dots in a 3 x 2 configuration. • Each cell represents a letter, numeral or punctuation mark. Some frequently used words and letter combinations also have their own single cell patterns

  7. Audio Books • There is a wide range of assistive technology (AT) tools available to help individuals who struggle with reading. While each type of tool works a little differently, all of these tools help by presenting text as speech. These tools help facilitate decoding, reading fluency, and comprehension. • AT doesn't cure or eliminate learning difficulties, but it can help your child reach her potential because it allows her to capitalize on her strengths and bypass areas of difficulty. For example, a student who struggles with reading but who has good listening skills might benefit from listening to audio books.

  8. Mouth Stick/ Single Switch Access • Physical impairments come in many forms and can generally be classified as a loss or limitation of function in muscle control or movement or a limitation in mobility. • This may include hands that are too large or small for a keyboard, shakiness, arthritis, paralysis, and limb loss, among other difficulties. • Mouth stick - a device that enables users to control input through a stick that they manipulate with their mouth. • Single-switch access – for people with very limited mobility. For instance, if a person can move only the head, a switch could be placed to the side of the head that would allow the person to click it with head movements. This clicking would then be interpreted using special software.

  9. Reference • http://appledailyreport.com/griffin-mouthstick-stylus-designed-with-input-from-medical-professionals/ • http://www.gmc-uk.org/accessibility/assistive_technologies/physical_impairments.asp • http://nichcy.org/laws/ata • http://www.omniglot.com/writing/braille.htm • http://www.start-american-sign-language.com/deaf-alarm-clock.html