problem based learning a strategy for the 21 st century n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Problem–Based Learning; a Strategy for the 21 st Century. Petra E. Avillán-Leon, M.Ed. ESL PRTESOL Annual Conference Powering up for the 21 st Century November12-13 Rio Grande, Puerto Rico. Why is PBL a strategy for the 21 st Century?.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - gryta

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
problem based learning a strategy for the 21 st century

Problem–Based Learning; a Strategy for the 21st Century

Petra E. Avillán-Leon, M.Ed. ESL

PRTESOL Annual Conference

Powering up for the 21st Century


Rio Grande, Puerto Rico


“The 21st century skills required by the new world we live in are sustained by the use of PBL in our classrooms. The leadership qualities, the collaborative work, the use of internet for researching, the cultural awareness and the critical thinking necessary for the citizens of the 21st century to contribute effectively to our society are all there.” Avillán

what is pbl
What is PBL?


  • Student-centered
  • Research-based (students)
  • Understanding a problemisthegoal
  • Real-worldproblems
  • Students
  • Plan theirprocess
  • Teamwork
  • Technology


  • Student-centered
  • Uses research
  • A projectisthegoal
  • Theteacherprovides


  • Real-worldproblems
  • Studentsperformtasks
  • Teamwork
  • Technology
problem based learning
Problem- based Learning
  • Problem-based learning (PBL) is a total approach to education. As defined by Dr. Howard Barrows and Ann Kelson of Southern Illinois University School of Medicine PBL is both a curriculum and a process.

The curriculum consists of carefully selected and designed problems that demand from the learner acquisition of critical knowledge, problem solving proficiency, self-directed learning strategies, and team participation skills.


The process replicates the commonly used systemic approach to resolving problems or meeting challenges that are encountered in life and career.

Taken from Maricopa Center for Learning and Instruction :.

estrat gias educativas de base cient fica
EstratégiasEducativas de Base Científica
  • Desarrollo de Conceptos
  • Comprensión Lectora
  • Aprendizaje Cooperativo
  • Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas
  • Integración Escolar
pbl in esl classes
PBL in ESL classes
  • 1. Language input and output are comprehensible Students working in groups need to make themselves understood, so they naturally adjust their input to make it comprehensible. They are often linked to specific, concrete context.
  • 2. Language input and output are developmentally appropriate Language input need to be in the zone of proximal

development (Vygotsy, 1978) to stimulate language acquisition. Students in cooperative groups provide each other with developmentally appropriate language input.

  • 3. Language input and output are redundant and frequent. The small group setting allows a far higher proportion of language input and output.
pbl in esl cont
PBL in ESL cont…
  • ·4. Language input and output are functional/communicative.
  • Learning about a language is quite different from acquiring the language. Language input and output in PBL are representative of the way a speaker will use the language in everyday settings.
  • 5. Learning context is supportive for speech to emerge Peers are far more supportive than in the traditional classroom because they are interdependent in order to know what others know.
pbl in esl cont1
PBL in ESL cont…
  • 6. Students’ attention shift from using accurate forms of the target language to meaning
  • Language becomes the instrument with which the students complete the activities.
  • 7. Students are motivated and empowered.
  • The advantages of increased motivation and ownership in learning may have a

strong impact especially for ESL.

let s start a pbl lesson
Let’s start a PBL lesson
  • I. What is PBL? – Introduce the strategy to the students
  • II. Select a problem to solve
  • III. Chart the PBL process
  • IV. Plan the final product
  • V. Do the Research
  • VI. Prepare the project
  • VII. Present the project
  • VIII. Reflect on the learning experience