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Walking in Mayfair PowerPoint Presentation
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Walking in Mayfair

Walking in Mayfair

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Walking in Mayfair

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  1. Thesuggested walk throughMayfair takes about 2 hours.It offfers views oftypical Mayfair houses and other buildings butit is innoway comprehensive.Thereis muchto see inMayfair: antique shops to browse,finebuildings to admire,quiet mews to enjoy wherethe only obvious change is the motor car inplace ofthe horse-drawncarriage.

  2. mayfairhistory TheGrosvenorfamily has owned the 40 hectares (100 acres) ofMayfair since1677,whenSirThomasGrosvenormarried Mary Davies,heiressto part ofthe Manor ofEbury.Thenorthernpart ofthe Manor,whichis today bounded by Oxford Street,Park Lane,Berkeley Square andAveryRow,took its name fromthe‘May Fair’– a place of‘vice’and ‘impurities’,held annually untilwell into the 19th century. Thereareoffices,five-starhotels,embassiesandshopping facilitiesrangingfromsmallspecialiststointernationalluxurybrands,togetherwithprestigiousapartments,housesand lowerpricedflats. Grosvenorhasanon-goingprogrammeofdevelopmentand adaptationtocreatethekindofmodernaccommodationpeopleandbusinessesrequire,whilealwaysrespectingtheuniquearchitecturalheritageofthearea. lookingforward afashionablearea In1720,SirRichard Grosvenor,eldest sonofSirThomas and Mary,began developing the land into a fashionable residential area.First came GrosvenorSquare,whichwas uniquebeing twice the size ofother squares inthe district and the first inLondonto have terraced housesgrouped behind a unified façade. Overthelast300years,theGrosvenorEstate(nowknownsimplyasGrosvenor)hasevolvedtobecomeoneoftheUK’slargestprivatepropertycompanies.ItschairmanisGeraldGrosvenor,the6thDukeofWestminsterandheadoftheGrosvenorfamily.ApartfromitsofficeinMayfair,Grosvenorhasofficesin17oftheworld'smostdynamiccities,managingitsgrowingportfolioofinternational propertyassetsandisactiveinBritain&Ireland,theAmericas,ContinentalEurope,andAsiaPacific.However,MayfairandBelgraviaremainthecoreassetsoftheGrosvenorportfolio. Inthe 19th century,commerce began to arrive inthe shape ofshops along Mount Street and Oxford Street,while embassies and diplomatic residences also moved into thearea.Inthe 20th century the pace ofchange was accelerated by the westerlymigration ofoffice users fromthe war-damaged City ofLondon. Grosvenor’slongtermaimsarethepursuitand maintenanceofexcellence.Tohelpmeettheseobjectives,its estatemanagementpoliciesaredeliberatelydesignedto ensurethepreservationofsomeoftheUK’smostimportant streetscapesandtopromotemixedandvibrantcommunities forthosewholiveandworkthere. Sincethe 1930s,almost the wholeofthe Mayfair Estatehas been included in a statutory ConservationArea.Today,Mayfair contains a cosmopolitan mix ofcommercial and residential property.

  3. the walk sharpcontrasttothegrandeurofneighbouringstreets. AtthejunctionwithUpperBrookStreet 6 seeNo9aon yourright,thehomeofSTAnLEyBALDWInbetweenhissecondandthirdtermsasPrimeMinister.AsaConservative MPhewasinstrumentalinendingthe1926GeneralStrike.In histhirdterm,leadingthenationalGovernment,he weatheredtheabdicationcrisisandtheperiodof‘appeasement’beforeretiringin1937. StartingatmarblearchtubeStation 1 crossatthepedestrianlightswithMarbleArchonyour rightandwalkdownParkLane.Thesecond turningonthelefttakesyouinto Grosvenor’sMayfairEstateviaGreen Street 2 linedwithlate19thcenturyterracottabuildings.notetheornate shellshapedporchesatNos52,53 &54. Thesebuildingswere originallyhousesbutnowallexceptno31havebeenconvertedtoflats.OnlyNos60&61survivefromthe CrossUpperBrookStreetandturnlefttowards GrosvenorSquare 7 GrosvenorSquarewas conceivedasthecentrepieceoftheMayfairEstatewhenthe Grosvenorfamilystarteddevelopingtheareainthe1720s.Atsixacres,itisthesecondlargestsquareinLondon(the largestisLincoln’sInnFieldsinHolborn)andismaintainedbytheRoyalParksonbehalfoftheGrosvenorEstate.The layoutoftheSquarewasadaptedthroughoutthe18thand 19thcenturiesandwascompletelyrestructuredin1948 followingseveredamageduring WorldWarII. streetasoriginallylaidoutbetween 1720and1760. P.g.wodehouselived at no17dunraven street AttheendofGreenStreetcrossNorthAudleyStreet 3 toStMark’sChurch,whichwasbuiltin1825asachapelof easeforSTGEORGE’S,HanoverSquare,andrestored in1878.Totheleftofthemaindoorisafadednotice tellingparishionershowtoapplyforpews,datingfrom thedayswhenpewrentswerepayable.nextdoor,Nos11 &12,apairofwhitestuccohouseswithacolumnedporch datingfromaround1725,aresaidtohouse‘oneof thefinestGeorgianinteriorsofLondon’sprivate houses’. GrosvenorSquarehashadstrongassociationswiththeUSAsincethel930sandin1939JOSEPHKEnnEDy,then AmericanAmbassador,movedtheAmericanEmbassyfromVictoriatotheSquare.Thepresentbuilding,completedin 1958,looksacrossthegardenreplantedin1947inmemoryofRoosevelt.In1948theBritishmemorialtoPRESIDEnTROOSEVELTwasunveiled,andin1985theEagleSquadron monumentwaserectedalongthesamecentralaxis. 8 The50thanniversaryofD-Daywascelebratedwiththe unveilingofacommemorativestonebythePrimeMinister,theRtHonJOHnMAJOR,MPon13April1994. WalkdownNorthAudleyStreetand turnrightintoLeesPlace 4 thenleftintoShepherd’sPlace 5 a quietpedestrianstreetwithcottage stylehousesbuiltinthe1930sanda

  4. DuringWorldWarII,GEnERAL EISEnHOWER’SSupremeAllied ExpeditionaryForcetookupmostofthe northsideofGrosvenorSquare.Duringtheperiodwhenthenormandylandingswerebeingplannedhere,theSquare becamefamiliarlyknownas ‘EISEnHOWERPLATZ’! housedthehorsesandservantsofGrosvenorSquare’s wealthierresidents.PauseatthecrossroadswithMount Street.OnthecorneristheAUDLEyPUBLICHOUSE– originallynamedtheBricklayer’sArms,butrebuiltand renamedbythe1stDUKEOFWESTMInSTERtomakeitmore‘salubrious’.ThiswasoneofthefewMayfairpubsto surviveaVictorianpurgeon licensedpremises.Thepresentbuildingdatesfromthe1880sand distinguishedvisitorshaveincludedLAUREnBACALL,ALECGUInnESS,PAULnEWMAn,FRAnKSInATRA.andMICHELLE no9istheoldesthouseinthe 9 Square.JOHnADAMS,thentheFirstMinistertotheBritishCourt,lived herefrom1785.Hebecamethe memorial toPresidentroosevelt secondUSPresidentin1797.no44GrosvenorSquare,nowtheBRITAnnIAHOTEL 10 washometotheEARLOF HARROWByfrom1804to1847.In1815, Wellington’svictoryatWaterloowasannouncedtotheCabinetatdinnerhere.OppositetheBritanniaHotel,theBICEnTEnnARyGATESleadingintoGrosvenorSquareGardencelebratethe 1783TreatyofParisendingtheAmericanWarofIndependence. OBAMA.Acrossthestreetyou canseePURDEy’SGUnSHOP whichstillproducesindividuallycrafted, made-to-measure huntinggunsandholdsaRoyalWarrant. royal warrant ContinuedownSouthAudleyStreettothesmallchurch onyourleftknownastheGROSVEnORCHAPEL,builtbySIRRICHARDGROSVEnORin1730toservicethenewresidentialareaofMayfair.In1873,rented pewshereprovidedanannualincome ofover£1,000.Amongthoseburiedinitsvaults–sealedinthe19thcenturyandnolongeraccessible–isthe4th EARLOFCHESTERFIELD,whowished tobeburied“atthenearestplacewhere thiscouldbedoneforunder£100”.DuringWorldWarII,thechurchwasusedforworshipbyAmerican troops–anotherreminderoftheUnitedStates’close connectionwiththearea. oumaycaretodetouralongUpper GrosvenorStreettono16,whereSIRROBERTPEEL–twicePrime Minister(inthe1830sand40s)and creatoroftheLondonpoliceforce whenHomeSecretary–livedin 29. Fromhim,thepolicederivedtheirnicknames,‘peelers’or‘bobbies’. Y 18 Otherwise,turnleftintoSouthAudleyStreet 11 wherea riotofterracottagablesandcontrastingbrickfacessitabove elegantchina,furniture,antiqueandcarpetshops.Ontheleft,youwillpassAdamsRowwheretheredbrickVictorian houseshavebeenconvertedfromstableblockswhichonce grosvenor ChaPel

  5. JustbeyondthechapelisTHOMASGOODE,ashop specialisinginfinechinaandglass,whichalsoholdsa RoyalWarrant. MountStreetwasnotalwayssofashionable;in1772, 600pauperslivedintheparishworkhousewhereNo103 nowstands.In1811,SHELLEyelopedfromMountStreetwithHARRIET WESTBROOK–wholaterdrownedherselfwhenhedesertedherforhissecondwife,MARy(authorofFrankenstein). (Hereyouhavetheoptionofcontinuing downtothejunctionwithSouthStreet, whereatNo15CATHERInE WALTERS,thelastVictoriancourtesan,livedfrom1872until1920underthe nameofBailye.Toheradmirersthough,shewas‘Skittles’.AVictorianladyofa ratherdifferenteminence, FLOREnCE nIGHTInGALE,livedatNo10) CrossMountStreet,turnright,thenleftintoCarlosPlace 14 pasttheCOnnAUGHT HOTELbuiltin1815andre-builtin 1894-96.Thiswasoriginallythe PRInCEOFSAxE-COBURGHOTEL– namedforthePRInCECOnSORT,butin1916,withanti-Germanfeelingrunning high,itwasrenamedafterqueenVictoria’sson,theDUKEOFCOnnAUGHT.OtherresidentsofCarlosPlacewere JOSIAH WEDGWOOD,whohad hisfirstLondonshowroomherein Catherinewalters Otherwise,bearleftbeforethe GrosvenorChapel,pasttheMayfair Library,intoMountStreetGardens 12 amoresecludedandintimate greenspacethanGrosvenorSquare.Thisgardenwaslaidoutin1720and isoneoftheoldestpartsofthe Estate.Itwastheburialgroundof osCar wilde 1766andOSCARWILDEwhorented roomsin1884. florenCenightingale TurnrightintoMountRow 15 toseetheunusualartsand craftsstylehouseswithcarefullylaidredbrickworkand intricatelycarvedwoodwork.TheseweredesignedbyFREDERICK ETCHELLS and built in 1929-31 by T DOWnER. STGEORGE’S,HAnOVERSqUARE,until1854.nowitisa publicgardenshadedbyplanetreesandcrossedbypathslinedwithbenches,manyofwhicharegiftsfromAmerican anglophiles. AtthejunctionofMountRowandDaviesStreet 16 cross toBourdonHouse,builtin1723andextendedinthe19th century.noticethebrickedupwindows–oftendonetoreducetheburdenof WindowTaxatthattime.THE2nd DUKEOFWESTMInSTERmovedherein1916whenhe loanedGROSVEnORHOUSEinParkLanetothe Governmenttohelpthewareffort.BourdonHouse remainedhisLondonhomeuntilhisdeathin1953. Taketheleft-handpathandexitthroughthefirstgateintoMountStreet 13 MountStreettookitsnamefromMOUnTFIELDwhichlayaroundamodestearthworkcalledOLIVER’S MOUnT;thiswassaidtobearemnantofcivilwarfortificationsandroseclosetothepresentwestcornerof MountRowwithCarpenterStreetattheeasternendofMountStreet.Thestreetisfamousforitsspectacularlyfloridterracottaandcontrastingbrickworkandisthemain shoppingstreetofMayfair.

  6. builttothisdesignattheinstigationofthe 1stDUKEOF WESTMInSTER. Turnright,thenleftdownBourdonStreet 17 originallystablesandmewsforservantsofthehousesinGrosvenorStreetbutnowconvertedtohomesandoffices.notice STGEORGE’SBUILDInGS,builtbyJOHnnEWSOMin 1852attheinstigationoftheGrosvenorEstate–oneofa numberof‘modeldwellings’builtbyphilanthropistsofthe timetohousethepoor. TurnleftintoDukeStreetandimmediatelyrightintoBrown HartGardens25 whereyoucanpeerthroughagrilleintothedepthsofthesubstation.BrownHartGardensislined with19thcenturymodeldwellingsforthepoor,builtasa jointventurebetweenthe1stDukeofWestminsterandthe ImprovedIndustrialDwellingsCompany.Awallplaque recordsthatin‘thisandotherbuildingsonhisLondonEstate’theDukeis‘accommodatingnearly4,000personsofthe workingclass–friendandbenefactorofhispoorbrethren’.WalktotheendofBrownHartGardenstothejunction withBaldertonStreetwhere, ifyouglancetotheright,you willseeSelfridges,thefamousOxfordStreetdepartmentstore. FollowBourdonStreetofftotheleft,throughanarchway, intoGrosvenorStreetwhereatNo70youcanseethe GrosvenorOfficewhichwemovedtoinApril2000.Cross GrosvenorStreet 18 toAveryRow19 apedestrianised streetofsmallcafés,antiqueand printshops.Thisnarrow,intriguinglanelinedwith cottagesrunsalongthe easternboundaryof theGrosvenorEstate followingthelineofthe oldRiverTyburn. WalkbackintoDukeStreet26 andturn right.AtthejunctionofGrosvenor SquarewithBrookStreet 27 turnleft thenthirdleftintoDaviesStreet 28 DaviesStreetisnamedafterMARyDAVIES,whomarriedSIRTHOMAS GROSVEnORin1677,forginga familydynastywhichwouldmake theGrosvenorsownersofsomeof CrossBrookStreettoSouth MoltonLane 20 whichrunsparallel withthefamousshoppingstreetofSouthMoltonStreet. TurnleftintoDaviesMews 21 originallyalargecomplexofliverystables.In1978,extensivealterationsweremadeto adaptthebuildingsonthenorthsidetotheirpresentuseasanantiquemarket. mary davies London’smostvaluablerealestate. DaviesStreetisnowlinedwithsmartshops.Onthecornerof DaviesStreetandBrookStreetisCLARIDGE’SHOTEL,which openedin1856andplayedhosttoqueenVictoriafouryearslater. Itremainsafavouritewith Royalsandheadsofstate. AtthejunctionwithDaviesStreet,turnright,thenleftinto StAnselm’sPlace 22 andthenrightintoGilbertStreet 23 TurnleftintoWeighhouseStreet 24 toseetheKInG’S WEIGHHOUSECHAPELbuiltin1891withterracottaand sandstonetowersandarchedwindows.Straightaheadisa curiousrotundawithacurvedroof.Thisispartofan electricitytransformerstationcoveredbyapublicgarden, sir thomas grosvenor

  7. youshouldnowbeoutside53DAVIESSTREET–a magnoliastucco,18thcenturyhouseandhomeofthe GrosvenorOfficefrom1836to2000.THEDAVIESSTREETBUILDInGcomescompletewithitsveryownghost–aladydressedinaballgownwho,sothestorygoes,issearchingin vainfortheballroom. DWIGHTD.EISENHOWER(1890-1969) AmericanGeneral,SupremeCommanderoftheAlliedExpeditionaryForce,January–March1944,USPresident(1952-60).Headquartersat20GROSVEnORSqUARE GEORGEFRIEDRICHHANDEL(1685-1759) Musicianandcomposer,livedanddiedat25BROOKSTREET JIMIHENDRIx(1942-1970) Guitaristandsongwriter,livedat 23BROOKSTREET(1968-1969) Foryourhomewardjourney,continueupDaviesStreetto OxfordStreetforbusesandtubesatBondStreetand OxfordCircus. SIRMOSESMONTEFIORE(1784-1885) PhilanthropistandJewishleader,livedat99PARKLAnEfor60years FLORENCENIGHTINGALE(1820-1910) Livedanddiedatahouseonthissite10SOUTHSTREET ANNOLDFIELD(1683-1730) Actressandfirstoccupantof 60GROSVEnORSTREET(1725-1730) WALTERHINESPAGE AmericanAmbassadortotheCourtofSt.James(1913-1918), livedat6GROSVEnORSqUARE SIRROBERTPEEL(1750-1830) Manufacturerandreformer,andhissonSirRobertPeel(1788- 1850)PrimeMinister,founderoftheMetropolitanPolice, livedat16UPPERGROSVEnORSTREET 53 davies street, home of the grosvenor offiCebetween 1836 and 2000 SIRTHOMASSOPWITH(1888-1989) Aviatorandaircraftmanufacturer,livedat46GREEnSTREET CommemorativePlaques ON GROSvENOR’S MAYFAIR ESTATE JOHNADAMS(1735-1826) First AmericanMinistertoBritain(1785-8) andsecondPresidentoftheUnitedStates(1797),livedat 9GROSVEnORSqUARE SIRRICHARDWESTMACOTT(1775-1856) Sculptor,livedanddiedat14SOUTHAUDLEySTREET JOHNGILBERTWINANT(1889-1947) UnitedStatesAmbassador(1941-1946),livedat 7ALDFORDSTREET ALBERTHENRYASHFIELD(LORDASHFIELD)(1874-1948) FirstChairmanofLondonTransport,livedat43SOUTHSTREET PGWODEHOUSE(1881-1975) Writer,livedat17DUnRAVEnSTREET SIRJEFFREYWYATvILLE(1766-1840) Architect,livedanddiedat39BROOKSTREET SOURCES:EnGLISHHERITAGE(1991-1998).THEBLUEPLAqUEGUIDETOLOnDOn,CAROLInEDAKERS(1982).THEBLUEPLAqUESOFLOnDOn,LMPALIS(1989) COLENCAMPBELL(1676-1729) Architectandauthor,livedat 76BROOKSTREET(1726-1729)

  8. aseleCtionofhotels,barsandrestaurantsinmayfair MILLENNIUMHOTEL 44GrosvenorSquare 02076299400 PRINCESSGARDEN 8/10NorthAudleyStreet 02074933223 THECONNAUGHTHOTEL 16CarlosPlace 02074997070 RICHOUx 41ASouthAudleyStreet 02076295228

  9. If you are interested in livinginMayfair please contact the Grosvenor Residential Lettings team on: Tel:+44 (0)20 7312 6449 Email:residential.lettings@grosvenor.com or visit our website at: www.grosvenorlettings.co.uk www.grosvenor.com www.grosvenorlondon.com