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Recent Inward Migratory Trends to Edinburgh – Challenges and Opportunities

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  1. Recent Inward Migratory Trends to Edinburgh – Challenges and Opportunities Nick Croft – Corporate Projects Manager (Equalities, Diversity and Human Rights) Performance Strategy and Policy Division Corporate Services City of Edinburgh Council

  2. 1. Data sources

  3. The General Register Office for Scotland - components of change analysis • National Insurance Registrant figures - non UK nationals • EU accession states worker registration scheme • Census 2001 • Service access • School roll data • Community information

  4. However, a totally accurate picture cannot be formed because: • data are often limited to economic migrants and therefore certain migrant groups are not captured; • there is little differentiation between local and international migration; and • data do not distinguish between long and short term inward migrants and exclude those who return to their country of origin.

  5. 2. Inward Migration – Summary

  6. Edinburgh has a far higher net migration gain than any other Scottish local • Edinburgh accounted for nearly 20% of the total migration gain in Scotland • Between 2001 and 2006 evidence indicates that Edinburgh’s population grew by 14,500 from 449,000 to 463,500 this included net migration gain of 14,000

  7. Net migration population change – absolute numbers 2001 - 2006

  8. Net migration population change as % of total population 2001 - 2006

  9. Geographical origins of inward migrants 2002 – 2007

  10. Annual net migration into Edinburgh

  11. Recent trends in international migration by area of origin

  12. In respect of EU A8 migrants hourly pay rates: • 48.1% were paid £4.50 to £5.34 • 31.6% £5.35 to £5.99 • 14.6% £6.00 to £7.99 • The proportion of inward migrants claiming state benefit in Edinburgh during 2006 / 2007 was around 1%, compared to the GB average of 3% and the Scottish average of 1% • 73% of A8 migrants worked 30 to 40 hours

  13. In respect of EU A8 migrants, from May 2004 to September 2007: • 48.1% were employed in hospitality and catering • 16.8% in administration, business and managerial services • 7.8% in construction and land services • The intended length of stay of migrants in the UK suggests that 34.9% of inward migrants intend to stay for less than three months, 8.1% intend to stay for more than 2 years and 48.9% don’t know how long they will stay.

  14. Advice and Information Advice Shop • 2007 / 2008 – 30 enquiries per month from EU A8 • 2006 / 2007 – 25 enquiries per month from EU A8 Ethnic Minority Law Centre – January 2008

  15. Interpretation and Translation • In 2005/2006 interpretation and translation support to the Polish community alone was 1,428 units • During 2006 / 2007 service delivery increased to 2,142 units (50% growth) • Increase on previous years for all translation (%)

  16. Schools and education • English as an additional language - Late 2006 = 225 pupils from EU A8 countries / Early 2008 = 766 • Information from the school pupil census identified 14 asylum seekers and 18 refugees • 91 different languages spoken; 477 pupils who were new to the English language and 534 pupils who were at an early stage in their acquisition of English • Increased access to ESOL classes and Community Capacity Building Services

  17. Individuals and Families with No Recourse to Public Funds (NRPF) • There is a small number of unaccompanied asylum seeking children currently supported by the Council • The Council’s specialist Asylum and Immigration Service currently has 56 cases in this category • Cases constitute a mixture of ongoing asylum seeker cases and failed asylum seekers, domestic violence concession applicants, Human Rights Act (article 3) cases, terminally ill foreign nationals and others

  18. Housing • 1% homelessness amongst A8 EU inward migrants • Increase in access to housing advice and information • Overwhelming evidence that identifies private sector housing as primary option • 3 / 4 households per week seen by houses in multiple occupation teams

  19. 3. Future trends and impacts?

  20. Nick Croft Performance, Strategy and Policy Division Corporate Services 0131 469 3726 nick.croft@edinburgh.gov.uk