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Recent Inward Migratory Trends to Edinburgh – Challenges and Opportunities Nick Croft – Corporate Projects Manager (Equalities, Diversity and Human Rights) Performance Strategy and Policy Division Corporate Services City of Edinburgh Council
The General Register Office for Scotland - components of change analysis • National Insurance Registrant figures - non UK nationals • EU accession states worker registration scheme • Census 2001 • Service access • School roll data • Community information
However, a totally accurate picture cannot be formed because: • data are often limited to economic migrants and therefore certain migrant groups are not captured; • there is little differentiation between local and international migration; and • data do not distinguish between long and short term inward migrants and exclude those who return to their country of origin.
Edinburgh has a far higher net migration gain than any other Scottish local • Edinburgh accounted for nearly 20% of the total migration gain in Scotland • Between 2001 and 2006 evidence indicates that Edinburgh’s population grew by 14,500 from 449,000 to 463,500 this included net migration gain of 14,000
In respect of EU A8 migrants hourly pay rates: • 48.1% were paid £4.50 to £5.34 • 31.6% £5.35 to £5.99 • 14.6% £6.00 to £7.99 • The proportion of inward migrants claiming state benefit in Edinburgh during 2006 / 2007 was around 1%, compared to the GB average of 3% and the Scottish average of 1% • 73% of A8 migrants worked 30 to 40 hours
In respect of EU A8 migrants, from May 2004 to September 2007: • 48.1% were employed in hospitality and catering • 16.8% in administration, business and managerial services • 7.8% in construction and land services • The intended length of stay of migrants in the UK suggests that 34.9% of inward migrants intend to stay for less than three months, 8.1% intend to stay for more than 2 years and 48.9% don’t know how long they will stay.
Advice and Information Advice Shop • 2007 / 2008 – 30 enquiries per month from EU A8 • 2006 / 2007 – 25 enquiries per month from EU A8 Ethnic Minority Law Centre – January 2008
Interpretation and Translation • In 2005/2006 interpretation and translation support to the Polish community alone was 1,428 units • During 2006 / 2007 service delivery increased to 2,142 units (50% growth) • Increase on previous years for all translation (%)
Schools and education • English as an additional language - Late 2006 = 225 pupils from EU A8 countries / Early 2008 = 766 • Information from the school pupil census identified 14 asylum seekers and 18 refugees • 91 different languages spoken; 477 pupils who were new to the English language and 534 pupils who were at an early stage in their acquisition of English • Increased access to ESOL classes and Community Capacity Building Services
Individuals and Families with No Recourse to Public Funds (NRPF) • There is a small number of unaccompanied asylum seeking children currently supported by the Council • The Council’s specialist Asylum and Immigration Service currently has 56 cases in this category • Cases constitute a mixture of ongoing asylum seeker cases and failed asylum seekers, domestic violence concession applicants, Human Rights Act (article 3) cases, terminally ill foreign nationals and others
Housing • 1% homelessness amongst A8 EU inward migrants • Increase in access to housing advice and information • Overwhelming evidence that identifies private sector housing as primary option • 3 / 4 households per week seen by houses in multiple occupation teams
Nick Croft Performance, Strategy and Policy Division Corporate Services 0131 469 3726 email@example.com