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Asia. The riches of the East. India. The British East India Company Started as a trading company in India for spices When Indian Princes refused to allow the company to trade the Company created an army and conquered the nations. “Jewel of the Crown”. British took over India

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Asia The riches of the East

    2. India • The British East India Company • Started as a trading company in India for spices • When Indian Princes refused to allow the company to trade the Company created an army and conquered the nations

    3. “Jewel of the Crown” • British took over India • Indians resisted, but were unsuccessful

    4. India: 18c-early 19c

    5. British East India Company Agents

    6. British Opium Warehouse in Patna, India Selling Patna Opium in China

    7. Sepoy Mutiny: 1857-58 • Indian soldiers refused to load their rifles and were imprisoned. Once freed they killed British officers and marched to Delhi to restore the Mughal emperor to the throne • Britain re-took control and established Queen Victoria as Empress of India

    8. Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal Emperor He was deposed by the British, and died in exile in Burma Queen Victoria in India

    9. A LifeofLeisure!

    10. Darjeeling Railroad, 1880s

    11. Simla: Little England in the mountains of India

    12. Victoria Station, Bombay

    13. Chartered Bank of Calcutta, 1915

    14. Indian National Congress(formed in 1885) Educated Indians, predominantly Hindu, demanded increasing equality & self-gov't Independce movements start in 1915 India became independent in 1946 (just after WWII)

    15. Indian National Congress

    16. Young Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1876 1869 - 1948

    17. Gandhi with the Londonvegetarian society, 1890

    18. Gandhi as a Lawyer in Johannesburg, So. Africa

    19. Complete activity “British Imperialism in India”

    20. Imperialism in SE Asia • Complete Activity: 11.5

    21. China The Middle Kingdom to the European Playground

    22. Center of the World • Self-sufficient • Healthy agriculture of rice and tea • Rich salt, iron, silver, and tin mines • Beautiful silks, cottons and porcelain

    23. Tea for Opium (drug) • Europeans wanted China’s Tea • China only wanted silver as payment • Europeans introduced Opium to pay for tea • Opium is illegal in Britain • By 1835, 12 million Chinese were addicts

    24. Opium War • Chinese ask Britain to stop importing Opium • British refuses and China declares war (1839) • China loses, Britain gains port of Hong Kong • Opium trade continues

    25. China’s Weakness (1850-1911) China’s leader: Empress Cixi -Led as part of the Manchu Qing Dynasty Wanted no reforms because it would weaken her power Taiping Rebellion Converted Chinese Christians led rebellions against traditionalist Chinese government thought accepting Western religions was dangerous. Defeated the rebellion with help of Europeans

    26. After the Chinese get help from the Europeans… • China is carved up into Spheres of Influence • By Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Japan, even Portugal

    27. Question… • Several internal forces make Africa vulnerable to colonization (a variety of cultures and languages with internal strife, low technology, and ethnic strife). What internal forced affected the Western cultures dominating China?

    28. Question… • Several internal forces make Africa vulnerable to colonization (a variety of cultures and languages with internal strife, low technology, and ethnic strife). What internal forced affected the Western cultures dominating China? • Lack of advanced military technology in China • Domestic issues • Weak central government • Difficulties caused by opium imports

    29. What might these “spears” lead to?

    30. The Boxer Rebellion: 1900 The Peaceful Harmonious Fists. “55 Days at Peking.”

    31. “The Catholics…have conspired with foreigners, have caused China trouble, wasted our national revenue, broken up our monasteries, destroyed Buddhist images, and seized our people’s graveyards. Now…all the sprits have descended to teach our young men their magic boxing so they can extinguish the foreigners.”

    32. Boxer Rebellion (1900) “Death to the foreign devils” • Boxers attacked foreign section of Beijing • Took hostages • 20,000 foreign troops were sent to free hostages sent by: • UK, France, Germany, Austria, Italy, Russia, Japan, US • Foreign troops won easily

    33. Chinese “Republic”? • Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen) • Leader of the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party) • Doesn’t last long • By 1916, Chinese Civil war

    34. Complete Activity 12.2

    35. Japan Land of the Rising Sun

    36. From 1639 to 1854 • Controlled by the Shogun (military leader) • Closed to the outside world • Only port of Nagasaki was open to the Dutch • Shipwrecked sailors were beheaded • Anti-Western and Anti-Christian: no missionaries allowed in

    37. US Commodore Matthew Perry • 1853 US sends 4 warships to Edo (Tokyo) • 1854 US sends 10 warships (1,600 men) to receive Japan’s answer • European nations soon follow

    38. Meiji Era • Group of reform minded Samurai wanted to copy West • Shogun was unwilling to change • Reformers backed the young Emperor (15 yrs old) • Emperor wins and changes his name to Meiji

    39. “Enlightened Rule” reforms • Copies western nations • Universal education (US) • strong central government (Germany) • Army (France then Germany’s) • Navy (Britain’s)

    40. Modernization • Industrialization • 1872 Japan builds first railroad • Thousands of factories • Export tea and silk to import machinery • Armed Forces • 1890 Japan had 500,000 soldiers • Trained in western tactics with modern weapons

    41. Old Flag to New Flag

    42. Expansion • Sino(Chinese)-JapaneseWar (1895) • Fought over Korea • Japan wins • Gains island of Taiwan

    43. Russo-Japanese War (1904) • Fought over Korea and Manchuria • Japan destroys Russian fleets • Japan annexes (claims) Korea and controls Manchuria

    44. Korea: the Japanese Colony Japanese Invade Korea • Schools were taught in Japanese • No Korean history • Took land from Koreans and gave it to Japanese • Illegal for Korean to own businesses in Japan • But…Japan did modernize Korea Korean Resistance Fighters

    45. The last piece of the Asian puzzle

    46. America’s Empire in the East • Spanish-American War (1898) • King Philip II of Spain had conquered the Philippines in the 1500’s • America declares war on Spain in a dispute over Cuba • America wins the Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico and control over Cuba

    47. Filipino Resistance • The Filipinos expected to be granted independence but instead were handed over to the US • For two years Filipino rebels fought against the US