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Current Status of Public Participation in the EIA Process in China. Seoul Korea, June 2007 By Zhao Xinfeng Appraisal Center for Environment and Engineering, State Environmental Protection Administration of China. Content. Introduction Requirements on Public Participation

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current status of public participation in the eia process in china

Current Status of Public Participation in the EIA Process in China

Seoul Korea, June 2007

By Zhao Xinfeng

Appraisal Center for Environment and Engineering,

State Environmental Protection Administration of China

content
Content
  • Introduction
  • Requirements on Public Participation
  • Current situation
  • Conclusion
why do
Why do?
  • Legislations related to PP in EIA
      • Law of Administrative Permission(1995)
      • EIA Law (2003)
      • Executive Measures on PP in EIA(2006)
  • Key element of EIA
  • Criteria for EIA approval
who do
Who do?
  • During the process of EIA preparation
      • Project proponent
      • EIA consultant
  • During the process of EIA approval
      • Environmental authority
scope of application
Scope of Application
  • All projects that are subject to the detailed

EIA

  • Project that its EIS needs to reapply for

approval due to the change of design

  • Project that does not start the construction

after 5 years of getting the EIA permission,

and needs to be re-assessed

slide8
Four announcements are required

1st: within 7days after EIA is launched

Preparation

Stage

2ed: not less than 10days before EIA is

submitted for approval

1st: after EIA application is accepted

Approval

Stage

2ed: not less than 10days before decision

is made

slide9
Non-technical EIA report should be

public accessible

  • Information that should be disclosed:
    • Name of the project proponent and EIA consultant, as well as their contact information
    • General Information of the Project
    • Resource Utilization and Pollution Discharge
    • Key findings of Impact Prediction and Assessment
    • Mitigation Measures
    • Main Conclusions of EIA
slide10
Direct affected public must be consulted
  • Consultation focuses on environmental

issues

  • Time for collecting public comments

should not be less than 10 days

  • Means of public consultation include
      • questionnaire
      • Interview
      • Public meeting
      • Public hearing
slide11
Public hearing is required in certain

circumstances (not be clearly defined)

  • Two types of public hearing
      • Public Comments Hearing

(leading body-proponent)

      • Formal Public Hearing

(leading body-environmental authority)

slide12
All comments should be recorded
  • EIA statement should contain a chapter

describing the procedures and outcomes of

public participation

  • The PP chapter should include a summary of

the public comments, and indicate the

unadopted comments and the reasons of

unadoption

successes
Successes
  • SEPA is the first government sector that

issued the legal document specific on PP

  • Awareness of PP among project

proponents and government staff has

been enhanced

  • Information Disclosure has been

improved, although not enough

  • More opportunities for vulnerable

peoples to get involved

constrains
Constrains
  • Public awareness on environment is

still low in poor areas

  • Time for public comments is short,

especially in EIA approval stage

  • EIA statement is not fully opened to the

public

  • Social issues is not covered
  • Consultation with NGOs is not compulsory
slide17
PP in china is still in the preliminary

stage

  • Effective PP needs more legislative

supports

  • Environmental education is essential

for mass public, especially poor

peoples, to get involved

  • PP alone can not guarantee the

environmental equity

slide18

Thank You

Zhaoxf@acee.org.cn