Kinship and Descent - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Kinship and Descent

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  1. Kinship and Descent Chapter 21

  2. Service Learning Focus Day • Tues. Nov. 17th • 11 am - 3 pm • Walkway between Griffin and the Cafeteria

  3. Descent groups Matrilineal Descent Patrilineal Descent Ambilineal Descent Lineage Clan Phratry and moiety Kindred Kinship Eskimo Hawaiian Iroquois Crow Make a list of features and examples for

  4. Publicly recognized Social group Real or mythical ancestor Clearly defined Types unilineal ambilineal Unilineal Matrilineal women as breadwinners horticulture Patrilineal males as breadwinners pastoralists intensive agriculture Ambilineal Descent Groups

  5. Lineage • corporate descent group • common ancestor • status comes from proof of genealogy • continues after death • takes corporate actions • exogamous

  6. Fission of lineage noncorporate descent group common ancestor but do not know links no residential unity or corporate holdings patri, matri, and ambi, -lineal organizes for ceremony exogamous protection and hospitality uses symbols -- totemism Clan

  7. Phratry unilineal descent at least two clans share common ancestor unable to trace Moiety half share ancestor can’t prove it

  8. relatives shared relationsh through living person ego is center of group group changes with ego ego and sibs only share same kindred temporary changing ceases with death of ego ceremonial grou for rites of passage exogamy Kindred

  9. Eskimo Kinship

  10. Hawaiian

  11. Iroquois

  12. Crow