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Alexander the Great. The spread of Greek culture. Macedonia Attacks Greece. They were warrior people that fought on horseback that lay north of Greece 359 B.C. Phillip II rose to the throne. Took over Greek city states one at time after the Peloponnesian War.

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Alexander the great

Alexander the Great

The spread of Greek culture

Macedonia attacks greece
Macedonia Attacks Greece

  • They were warrior people that fought on horseback that lay north of Greece

  • 359 B.C. Phillip II rose to the throne.

  • Took over Greek city states one at time after the Peloponnesian War.

  • Phillip planned to conquer the Persian empire with the help of the Greeks, but he was murdered.

Alexander builds an empire
Alexander builds an Empire

  • Phillip’s empire went to his son Alexander, 20.

  • 334 B.C. Alexander invaded Asia Minor

  • 333 B.C. Alexander conquered Asia Minor

  • 332 B.C. captured Syria and Egypt: built Alexanderia

Alexander builds an empire1
Alexander builds an Empire

  • Alexandria: by 100 B.C. largest Mediterranean world

  • Lighthouse of Alexandria (Seven Wonders of the Ancient World)

    • to serve as that port's landmark, and later, its lighthouse

    • One of the tallest buildings of the ancient world

    • Destroyed by earthquakes in 956, 1303, 1323

  • Library of Alexandria (the largest library in the ancient world)

    • Collected works from around the world

    • Helped document history and events

Alexander builds an empire2
Alexander builds an Empire

  • 331 B.C. defeated the Persians in the East

  • 326 B.C. Alexander made it past Pakistan, across the Indus River into India.

  • 323 B.C Alexander returned to Babylon and ten days later died from a bad fever at the age of 32

Alexander s legacy
Alexander’s Legacy

  • Great military leader

  • His skill and daring created his legacy

  • Helped extend Greek and Macedonian rule over a vast area.

  • Alexander’s conquests marked the beginning of the Hellenistic(like the Greeks) Era

    • A time when the Greek language and Greek ideas spread to the non-Greek people of southwest Asia

The empire breaks apart
The Empire Breaks Apart

  • After Alexander’s death his generals fought over the empire creating four kingdoms: Macedonia, Pergamum, Egypt, and the Seleucid Empire.

  • All government business in the Hellenistic kingdoms was conducted in the Greek language.

Spread of greek culture
Spread of Greek Culture

  • During the Hellenistic Era, philosophers, scientists, artisans, poets, and writers flocked to the new Greek cities to the south.

  • Large bodies of literature were created. New kind of comedies with happy endings that did not poke fun of politicians.

Spread of greek culture1
Spread of Greek Culture

  • Philosophy continues to be an important part of Greek culture

    • Epicurus taught that happiness was the goal of life

    • Zeno developed Stoicism, a belief that people have a duty to serve their city.

Spread of greek culture2
Spread of Greek Culture

  • Science and Math

  • Aristarchus: claimed the sun was the center of the universe

  • Eratosthenes: the earth was round

  • Euclid: came up with plane geometry

  • Archimedes: worked on solid geometry or the study of ball shapes and figured out the value of pi.

  • Hippocrates: father of medicine