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Some collection directions. Lorcan Dempsey With contributions from Brian Lavoie CRL Retreat October 6-7 2006 Chicago. Overview. Some topics. Reflections on collection directions Rareness is common The long tail and library logistics Aggregate collections Open for business

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some collection directions

Some collection directions

Lorcan Dempsey

With contributions from Brian Lavoie

CRL Retreat

October 6-7

2006

Chicago

some topics
Some topics
  • Reflections on collection directions
  • Rareness is common
  • The long tail and library logistics
  • Aggregate collections
  • Open for business
  • Access to scale: moving to the network level
  • Conclusions
slide5
stewardship

high

low

Books

Journals

Newspapers

Gov. docs

CD, DVD

Maps

Scores

Freely-accessible web resources

Open source software

Newsgroup archives

low

uniqueness

  • Research and learning materials
  • ePrints/tech reports
  • Learning objects
  • Courseware
  • E-portfolios
  • Research data

Special collections

Rare books

Local/Historical newspapers

Local history materials

Archives & Manuscripts, Theses & dissertations

high

slide6
Opportunity costs?
  • How many times do you pay for it?
  • The end of publishing - through the gates?

Ingest into

local collections

New behaviors and

support for research

and learning

Digital ‘record’

more important(prospectus, course

catalog, student records)

Focus of much digital

library activity.

Why?

special primary materials
Special: primary materials?

Curatorial

responsibility for

more unique materials?

Institutional

Capacities?

Sourcing?

  • Examples
  • Thematic research collection
  • Curated databases
managing digital
Managing digital?
  • An archival perspective?
      • Provenance
      • Evidential integrity
      • Versioning
  • Institutional
  • Capacities?
  • Sourcing?
access
Access

Gather, create,

Share

Disclose to

where user is

slide10
University of Minnesota

http://www.lib.umn.edu/about/mellon/KM%20JStor%20Presentation.pps

securing the scholarly record
Securing?Securing the scholarly record
  • Community?
    • How?

The scholarly

record ain’t

what it used to

be?

Institution?

mature
Mature?
  • Institutional maturity – an industry and cooperative structures
    • Structures under pressure
    • Libraries organized around this quadrant (‘owned’)
    • Emerging techniques for licensed
    • New systems framework for licensed

Institutional immaturity

  • Organizational models for collective

activity, reducing costs, etc,

in development.

  • Commodity systems not available
rareness is common in the g5
Rareness is common … in the G5
  • G5 aggregate collection:
  • 10.5 million books
  • ~60 percent represent unique
  • contribution by one or another
  • of the G5 libraries

3%

Held by 5

6%

Held by 4

10%

Held by 3

61%

Held by 1

20%

Held by 2

trln collection analysis
TRLN collection analysis

http://www.trln.org/TaskGroups/CollectionAnalysis/TRLN_CollAnalysis_June2Report.pdf

and beyond
… and beyond
  • System-wide print book collection (as of January 2005)
  • ~32 million print books

5%

Held by > 100

3%

Held by 51 - 100

5%

Held by 26 - 50

37%

Held by 1

20%

Held by 6 - 25

30%

Held by 2 - 5

slide19
3. The long tail and

library logistics

slide20
Library “Inventory”

20% head

80% long tail

Libraries aggregate supply at the local level…

“About the only places you could explore outside the

mainstream were the library and the comic book shop.”

Chris Anderson, “The Long Tail”

the long tail
The long tail

Systemwide

efficiences

  • Aggregation of supply
  • Unified discovery
  • Low transaction costs
  • Aggregation of demand

Impact?

libraries and the long tail dynamic
Aggregate supply?

1.7% of circulations are ILLs

(60% of aggregate G5 collection owned by one library only)

Aggregate demand?

20% of collection accounted for 90% of use

(2 research libraries over ~4 years)

Each book its reader

Each reader his/her book

Libraries and the long tail dynamic
slide23
But the global library resource is diffused across thousands of locations …
  • Limited aggregation of supply at network level:
    • Fragmented discovery
    • Management data not used
    • High transaction costs – find it/get it
    • Fragmented inventory/shipping
  • Limited aggregation of demand at network level:
    • Difficult to mobilize a large number of users
    • Not projected into user environments

Leads to weak gravitational pull and low network visibility for libraries and library collections

get real about
Get real about …
  • Logistics
    • Inventory
    • Supply chain
    • Management information
    • D2D
aggregate collections
Collection development

Mass digitization

Off site storage

Discovery to delivery

Find it – get it

Preservation

Thinking about collections in aggregate terms

Opportunity costs

Space

Attention/value

On demand

Print on demand

Buy on demand

Digitize on demand

Logistics: very inefficient

Management data: holdings, circulation, …

Aggregate collections
slide27
Mass Digitization Issues Framework

PRESERVE

USE

DISCLOSE

DESCRIBE

ECONOMICS

RIGHTS

STORE

DIGITIZE

SELECT

slide28
Best practices + organizational contexts for:
    • Off site storage (see NAST)
    • Mass digitization
    • Preservation
    • D2D

?

slide30
Open

This means that any use of “Open” is likely to be fuzzy and confusing. The “Open Access” movement is broad and supports several major points of view which, though overlapping, have significant differences either in pragmatics or philosophy. Moreover “Open Foo” does not imply “Open Bar”. Thus “Open Access” publications will not by themselves ensure “Open Data”.

Peter Murray Rust

slide31
Subscription
  • Advertizing
  • Transaction
conclusions
Conclusions

6. Access to scale:

moving to the network level

slide33
In the lone houses and very small villages

which are scattered about in so desert a

country as the Highlands of Scotland, every

farmer must be butcher, baker and brewer

for his own family.

Adam Smith

trajectory
Trajectory …

Then

  • Cataloging & resource sharing
  • A&I and e-Journals
  • Collections

Now

  • Growing realization that much more can be done at the network level
multilevel approach to
Collections

Shared offsite storage

Aggregate and analyse digital collections

Institutional repository

Digital storage and preservation

Social and consumer environments

Social networking services: tagging, reviews, recommendations

Share mobilizing approaches

Virtual reference

D2D

Consolidated discovery

Knowledge base

Resolution - Service routing – fulfilment

Business intelligence

Synthesize and mobilize shared usage data

Recommendation, management decisions

Digitization and offsite storage

Multilevel approach to …
slide37
Recalibrate local and ‘collaboratively’ sourced
  • Plural business and delivery models
  • Develop a more instrumental view of organizations at the network level?
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