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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. ARAUZ, FERNANDO DE GRACIA, KATHERINE FRESA, SIMEON IBARRA, ANA VARGAS, MANUEL. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. 1. WHAT IS THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM? 2. WHICH ORGANS COMPOSE IT? 3. WHICH IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM?. INDEX. RESPYRATORY SYSTEM

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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM


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    1. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ARAUZ, FERNANDO DE GRACIA, KATHERINE FRESA, SIMEON IBARRA, ANA VARGAS, MANUEL

    2. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM 1. WHAT IS THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM? 2. WHICH ORGANS COMPOSE IT? 3. WHICH IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM? INDEX

    3. RESPYRATORY SYSTEM • DEFINITION AND FAST VIEW • RESPIRATORY TRACT´S ANATOMY • UPER TRACT • LOWER TRACT • SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS • GAS EXCHANGE • VOCALIZATION • DEFENSE • EXCRETION • pH REGULATION • PULMONARY VENTILATION • EXTERNAL RESPIRATION • INTERNAL RESPIRATION • RESPIRATORY DISEASES • COMMON COLD • RHINITIS • PHARYNGITIS • PNEUMONIA • ASTHMA INDEX

    4. INDEX

    5. INDEX

    6. The respiratory system is classified INDEX

    7. INDEX Nasal cavity

    8. Function 1: produce mucusResonance chambers for sound when we talk. INDEX • Function 2:Heating, humidification and filtration of inhaled air.

    9. Pharynx INDEX

    10. INDEX

    11. Pharynx INDEX

    12. Larynx INDEX

    13. INDEX

    14. INDEX

    15. LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACTANATOMY ALVEOLUS TRACHEA BRONCHEOLES LUNGS INDEX BRONCHI

    16. LARYNX 20 HIALINE CARTILAGE RINGS 2- 2.5 cm DIAMETER INDEX TRACHEA CARRYING AIR 10-11 cm LENGTH BRONCHI

    17. BRONCHI

    18. SUBDIVISION OF BRONCHI INDEX 1. Trachea2. Main bronchus3. Lobar bronchus4. Segmental bronchus5. Bronchiole6. Alveolar duct7. Alveolus

    19. INDEX

    20. INDEX LUNGS 2 LOBES MEDIASTINE 3 LOBES

    21. ALVEOLUS IT ARE CONNECTED TO ALVEOLAR CONDUCT TO INCREASE THE EXCHANGE AREA HERE TAKE PLACE THE GAS EXCHANGE ELASTIC FIBERS INDEX

    22. Functions of theRespiratorySystem INDEX

    23. Functions of respiratorysystem 1) Gas exchange 2) Vocalization 3) Excretion 4) Defense 5) pH regulation INDEX

    24. Gas Exchange 1) It provides oxygen to the bloodstream and removes carbon dioxide INDEX

    25. Vocalization (Speaking) 2) It enables sound production or vocalization as expired air passes over the vocal cords. INDEX

    26. Excretion INDEX 3) It assists in abdominal compression during urination, defecation, and childbirth.

    27. Defense 4) It enables protective barriers, like the coughing and sneezing, to keep the air ways free of strange agents. INDEX

    28. pH Regulation 5) CO2 reacts with H2O into the organism to become bicarbonate which prevents a state of acidosis in the body. INDEX

    29. Mechanism of the breathing INDEX

    30. INDEX

    31. PulmonaryVentilation • The air should enter and exit to the lung. • Is a mechanical process. • Is renamed respiration INDEX Back

    32. External respiration INDEX Back

    33. Gas transport Back

    34. Internal respiration INDEX Back

    35. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES INDEX

    36. Symptoms • -Mildfever • -Cough • -Headache • -Runnynose • -Sneezing • -Sorethroat INDEX

    37. RHINITIS INDEX

    38. PHARYNGITIS INDEX Other causes include allergy, trauma, toxins, and neoplasia. Main causes include viral o bacterial infection

    39. pneumonia INDEX • Associatedwith • -Fever • -Chestsymtomps • -Lack of air space • Infectiousagents • -Bacteria • -Viruses • -Fungi • -Parasites • Typicalsymptoms • -Cough • -Chestpain • -Fever • -Difficulty • breathing

    40. asthma • Typicalsymptoms • -Wheezing • -Chesttightness • -Shortness of breath • -Coughing • Treatment • Salbutamol • -Medication • -Inhaler • -Nebulizer • Beclomethasone • -Inhaler INDEX