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ICAO's Review of the International Requirements for Flight Crew Licensing and Training. A brief word on ICAO. Created in December 1944 by the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention) Part of the UN System Membership: 187 States. A brief word on ICAO.

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a brief word on icao
A brief word on ICAO
  • Created in December 1944 by the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention)
  • Part of the UN System
  • Membership: 187 States
a brief word on icao3
A brief word on ICAO
  • Executive bodies (Assembly, Council and Air Navigation Commission)
  • Headquarters in Montreal
  • Seven regional offices (Bangkok, Cairo, Dakar, Lima, Mexico City, Nairobi and Paris)
a brief word on icao4
A brief word on ICAO
  • Objectives:
    • To promote cooperation between nations and peoples
    • To agree on certain principles and arrangements in order that international civil aviation may be developed in a safe and orderly manner and that international air services may be established on the basis of equality of opportunity and operated soundly and economically
a brief word on icao5
A brief word on ICAO
  • Output:
    • Standards, recommended practices and guidance material
    • Coordination of international air navigation activities
    • Safety oversight audits
    • Implementation
the icao regulatory structure
The ICAO regulatory structure
  • The Chicago Convention
  • Annexes to the Convention
    • Standards
    • Recommended Practices
  • PANS/Technical Instructions
  • Guidance Material
applicability of icao rules
Applicability of ICAO rules

Full

Full or differences (exceptions)

Recommendations

Acceptable means of compliance

  • The Chicago Convention
  • Standards
  • Recommended Practices, PANS/Technical Instructions
  • Guidance Material
principles of personnel licensing
Principles of personnel licensing

Rule (principle) # 1 (Article 32 a)

  • The pilot of every aircraft and the other members of the operating crew of every aircraft engaged in international navigation shall be provided with certificates of competency and licences issued or rendered valid by the State in which the aircraft is registered
principles of personnel licensing9
Principles of personnel licensing

Rule (principle) # 2 (Article 33)

  • Certificates of airworthiness and certificates of competency and licences issued or rendered valid by the contracting State in which the aircraft is registered, shall be recognized as valid by the other contracting States, provided that the requirements under which such certificates or licences were issued or rendered valid are equal to or above the minimum standards which may be established from time to time pursuant to this Convention
icao requirements on flight crew competency
ICAO requirements on flight crew competency
  • Standards:
    • Licensing requirements in Annex 1, Chapters 1, 2 and 3
    • Training and checking requirements in Annex 6, Part 1, Chap. 9 (Commercial Air Transport only)
  • Guidance Material
    • Training Manuals
    • Manual on the Establishment and Management of a Personnel Licensing Office
    • Manual of Procedures for Operations Inspection, Certification and Continued Surveillance
current annex 1 and annex 6 standards
Current Annex 1 and Annex 6 Standards
  • The Annex 1 format is relatively unchanged since adoption of 1st edition in 1948
  • Annex 1 and Annex 6 Standards are essentially inventories of knowledge, skill and experience requirements
  • Standards have no explicit performance criteria
  • No requirements on criteria for the approval of training
  • Majority of national regulations follow a similar pattern
examples of licensing requirements
Examples of licensing requirements
  • Assessment of competency:
  • Annex 1: (knowledge) The applicant shall have demonstrated a level of knowledge appropriate to the privileges …
  • Annex 1: (Skill) The applicant shall have demonstrated the ability to perform the procedures and manoeuvres with a degree of competency appropriate to the privileges…
  • JAR FCL 1.295: as per Annex 1
examples of training requirements
Examples of training requirements
  • Assessment of competency:
  • Annex 6: An operator shall ensure that piloting technique and the ability to execute emergency procedures is checked in such a way as to demonstrate the pilot’s competence...
  • FAR 121-441: No certificate holder may use any person nor may any person serve as a required pilot flight crewmember unless that person has satisfactorily completed either a proficiency check, or an approved simulator course of training …
current licensing and training issues
Current licensing and training issues
  • Results of the ICAO Safety Oversight Audit Programme:
    • Few States have formal performance criteria for knowledge and skill tests and for demonstrating maintenance of competency
    • lack of standardization in States’ requirements and practices
    • Approval of training seen solely as an administrative function
    • Modern training programmes are not always in accordance with ICAO requirements
current licensing and training issues15
Current licensing and training issues
  • Flight crew competency problems
  • Lack of consistency between international requirements and (good) industry practice (e.g. disproportionate emphasis on single pilot operations/solo hours)
  • Mismatch between the State’s licensing requirements and airline entry standards
  • Training curricula do not reflect modern training technologies and methodologies, and simulation not awarded appropriate level of credits
icao review of flight crew standards
ICAO review of flight crew Standards
  • ANC Meeting with Industry - September 1997
    • raised concern over levels of flight crew competency
  • Madrid Informal Meeting - October 2000
    • formulated proposal for action
  • 156th Session of the ANC Session – March 2001
    • approved task for review of flight crew standards
  • 158th Session of the ANC – October 2001
    • established Flight Crew Licensing and Training Panel (FCLTP)
icao flight crew licensing and training panel fcltp
ICAO Flight Crew Licensing and Training Panel (FCLTP)
  • Objectives and work programme
    • Develop provisions on the approval of training organizations, including the quality system needed to ensure that training objectives are maintained
    • Review flight crew licensing and training Standards in order to ensure continued relevance in meeting current and anticipated needs
    • Determine whether competency based Standards should replace and/or complement existing requirements
icao flight crew licensing and training panel fcltp18
ICAO Flight Crew Licensing and Training Panel (FCLTP)
  • Objectives and work programme (continued)
    • Review the structure of licences and ratings to ensure that they provide an efficient and effective path towards the applicant’s career goals
    • Assess the use of synthetic devices (e.g. flight simulators) and determine the level of credits to be awarded for the use of such devices
    • Develop guidance material
icao flight crew licensing and training panel fcltp19
ICAO Flight Crew Licensing and Training Panel (FCLTP)
  • Membership
    • 15 States and 4 international organizations invited to nominate members
    • Final decision by the ANC on membership of the Panel – 28 May 2002
  • Schedule
    • First informal working group meeting - October 2002
    • ANC preliminary review of the results of the Panel - 2004
the making of an icao standard
The making of an ICAO Standard

Development of

a proposal

the making of an icao standard21
The making of an ICAO Standard

New and/or amended international provisions for the licensing and training of flight crew

2006 ????

slide22

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