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Aim: What geographic features influenced the early development of Japan?. Do Now: List geographic features of Japan. Geography of Japan. Archipelago: chain of islands. Japan has several thousand islands. Four Main Islands: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku
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Aim: What geographic features influenced the early development of Japan? Do Now: List geographic features of Japan
Geography of Japan • Archipelago: chain of islands. Japan has several thousand islands. • Four Main Islands: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku • 100 Miles off the Asian mainland • Japan stretches over 2,360 miles, so the people enjoy climatic variety • Superimposed on eastern United States, Japan stretches from central Maine to Florida.
Superimposed on eastern United States, Japan stretches from central Maine to Florida.
Land and Sea • Japanese farmers make the most of the arable land in narrow river valleys and coastal plains. • Developed a thriving fishing industry • Seas isolated and protected Japan • Developed trade routes Sea of Japan
Ring of Fire This region is subject to frequent earthquakes and volcanoes.
Tsunami • Underwater earthquake can trigger killer tidal waves Katsushita Hokusai 1829-1833 Japan 1983 How might Japan’s geography increased death tolls?
Early Civilizations • Early Japanese society was divided ito uji or clans. • Each uji had its own chief and a special god or goddess • Yamato Clan in A. D. 500 dominated Honshu and set up Japan’s only dynasty • Claimed that they were descendants of the sun goddess
Early Traditions • Shinto belief in honoring Kami or nature spirits. They worshiped the forces of nature. • Korean Bridge: Japan and Korea exchanged ideas from early. • The Koreans connected Japan to China. • Buddhism was introduced by the Koreans as well as Chinese writing and culture.
Chinese Influence • 600s Prince Shotoku sent young nobles to study China to learn about it first hand • Chinese art and technology spread • Strengthened the central government and adopted a similar law code • Capital modeled after Tang capital • Tea ceremonies • Food, music, dance were also imported • Selective Borrowing: Japan only used some of Chinese ideas • Japanese added Kana or phonetic symbols to Chinese writing system • Artists developed their own styles
Heian Period 794-1185 • Emperors and wealthy families merged and created an imperial capital in Heian (Kyoto) • Elegant Court: noblemen and women lived fairytale atmosphere with beautiful pavilions and gardens • Only men were allowed to study Chinese • Women however used kana to produce essays, diaries and poetry
The Pillow Book • Collection of short essays • Provides observations of daily life at the royal court
Tale of Genji • Lady Murasaki wrote the world’s first full length novel • It recounts the adventures of the fictional Prince Genji and his son
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