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Greek and Latin Roots. UNIT TWO. STA, STI. From the Latin ‘stare’ and ‘stantum’ stand or stay. From the root ‘ sta ’ or ‘ sti ’. stanch Verb ; to stop the flow of Desperate to stanch the blood seeping from the wound, the doctor decided to put a tourniquet on the patient’s arm.

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sta sti
STA, STI

From the Latin ‘stare’ and ‘stantum’

stand or stay

from the root sta or sti
From the root ‘sta’ or ‘sti’

stanch

Verb; to stop the flow of

Desperate to stanch the blood seeping from the wound, the doctor decided to put a tourniquet on the patient’s arm.

from the root sta or sti1
From the root ‘sta’ or ‘sti’

staunch

adjective; firm and steadfast; true

Though the reverend was a staunch believer in predestination, his faith was tested by horrible events.

Synonym: strong antonym: fickle, wavering

from the root sta or sti2
From the root ‘sta’ or ‘sti’

extant

adjective; still in existence; not destroyed

Scientists continue to search through the remains of the museum in the hopes that they will discover some extant works of art.

Synonym: existing antonym: extinct

from the root sta or sti3
From the root ‘sta’ or ‘sti’

restive

adjective; resisting authority; difficult to control

Police feared the townspeople would grow restive under the strict curfew and begin to engage in acts of civil disorder.

synonym: contrary antonym: compliant

slide7
POS

From the Latin ‘ponere’ and ‘positum’

To put or place

pos to put or place
‘pos’ – to put or place

apropos

preposition; with regard to

Apropos of Jim’s speech on nuclear energy, Dawn mentioned that a new power plant would be built in the neighboring town.

synonym: proper antonym: inappropriate

pos to put or place1
‘pos’ – to put or place

depose

verb; to remove from office or power

The Russian rule of Czar Nicholas came to an end when the Czar and other members of the royal family were deposed and murdered by rebel forces.

stas stat
STAS, STAT

From the Greek ‘statos’

standing

stas stat standing
‘stas’ ‘stat’ – standing

static

adjective; having no motion or change

Critics found the composer’s latest work static, boring, and lacking in emotional development.

synonym: still antonym: dynamic

stas stat standing1
‘stas’ ‘stat’ – standing

ecstasy

noun; intense joy or delight

The ecstasy Bob felt after watching the Red Sox win the World Series was matched only by the joy of the Yankees not winning.

synonym: joy antonym: misery

stas stat standing2
‘stas’ ‘stat’ – standing

stasis

noun; condition in which there is no change

Scientists find it difficult to accurately predict climate patterns because the environment is not in stasis, but constantly changing.

synonym: balance

ent ess
ENT, ESS

From the Latin ‘esse’

to be

ent ess to be
‘ent’ ‘ess’ – to be

entity

noun; an existence; a being

For tax purposes, a married couple may be considered either two people or a single entity.

ent ess to be1
‘ent’ ‘ess’ – to be

essence

noun; the most important ingredient; the crucial element

After months of preparation, the lawyers finally began to discuss the essence of the case.

synonym: crux

ent ess to be2
‘ent’ ‘ess’ – to be

quintessential

adjective; important

The goalie declared that the Blackhawk’s victory in the last second of the final game was his quintessential sports triumph.

synonym: essential antonym: unnecessary

slide18
A group of local citizens has drafted a petition to depose the governor on the grounds that…
  • Peter was such a staunch supporter of his local football team that…..
  • Because the manuscripts are the only extant writings from the time of the town’s founding, we can assume…
  • Nate began to grow restive when his parents…..
  • The rainforest went into stasis as a result of……..
  • Trying to stanch the number of immigrants coming into the country, the government…..
slide19
The fresh roses seemed the quintessential expression of love because……
  • The ecstasy that the spelling bee contestant felt was the result of…..
  • The news anchor mentioned a recent bank robbery apropos of….
  • The business group was not a legal entity because…..
  • The essence of the manufacturer’s speech against taxes on trade was….
  • Feeling that his existence had become rather static, Jay decided to…..