socialization the process of internalizing the norms and values of society or subculture group l.
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Socialization - the process of internalizing the norms and values of society or subculture (group). Internalization is taking norms and values from the group and make the norms and values part of your “self.”

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socialization the process of internalizing the norms and values of society or subculture group
Socialization - the process of internalizing the norms and values of society or subculture (group).
  • Internalizationis taking norms and values from the group and make the norms and values part of your “self.”
  • Norms and values exist outside the self and each of us takes those norms and values from the people around us to create a unique self.
  • As people change groups, or the groups’ norms change, the person internalizes new norms, and the self changes.
symbolic interaction
SYMBOLIC INTERACTION
  • George Herbert Mead - Human interaction is completely symbolic.
  • Mead believed that all communication takes place through a symbolic language.
  • An interaction of gestures that communicates meaning to the “other.”
  • Specific words are without meaning, except for the meaning people attribute to the words (i.e. Cool!).
gestures a gesture is the phase of the act that causes a response from the other
GESTURES - A gesture is the phase of the act that causes a response from the other.

Two types of gestures:

Sign - gesture with one meaning. All other animals communicate with signs ONLY.

Symbol - infinite meaning. Humans communication almost exclusively with symbols.

role taking is an ability to put the self into the other to interpret the meaning of a gesture
Role-Taking is an ability to put the self into the other, to interpret the meaning of a gesture.
  • Two Types of Role-Taking:
  • Projection - project a meaning onto the “other’s” gesture.
  • Stereotyping - using one characteristic of the “other” to interpret the meaning of a gesture.
socialization
Socialization
  • All socialization takes place through a three stage process.
  • Both infants and adults are socialized in the same stages.
socialization stages
Socialization Stages

1. Imitation - imitate the “other’s” gestures only.

2. Play - role-take only one “other” at a time.

3. Game - role-take multiple “others” simultaneously.