What makes something “great”? In other words, what does it mean to be “great”? Warm-Up:
Content: Create either tweets or Instagramposts from the perspective of a leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance. • Language: Explain why the Great Migration was or was not “great.” Objectives:
Migration is the process of moving from one location to another. Immigration is a kind of migration! Migration
Who: 500,000 African Americans What: Migrated from the South to the North Where: Large cities such as New York, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and St. Louis Great Migration Facts
When: The Great Migration happened between 1910 and 1920, especially during World War I. Great Migration Facts
Chicago’s (Illinois) African American population grew from 44,000 in 1910 to 110,000 in 1920. Cleveland’s (Ohio) African American population grew from 8,000 to 34,000.
1. Jobs in the South were scarce (very few) and low paying. • African Americans could earn a lot more money in the North Reasons for Leaving the South
2. African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the South. • The South was still dealing with the effects of the Civil War, including Jim Crow laws
3. African Americans moved to northern cities and the Midwest in search of better job opportunities. • WWI almost completely stopped immigration from Europe • The northern industries needed African Americans to work
World War I also increased the demand for goods. This increase in demand meant an even greater need for jobs!
African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the North and Midwest • White workers hated the labor competition Problems
White homeowners were upset that overcrowded black neighborhoods overflowed into white neighborhoods
Answer the following question on your Unit 8 Cover Page:Why was the Great Migration great? Explain. OR If you think the Great Migration wasn’t great, explain why.
Harlem Renaissance • African American artists,writers, and musicians based in Harlem (NYC) revealed the freshness and variety of African American culture. • Popularity of these artists spread beyond Harlem to the rest of society.
Jacob Lawrence • Jacob Lawrence was a painter who chronicled the experience of the Great Migration norththrough art • Migration Series
Langston Hughes • Langston Hughes was a poet who combined the experiences of African and American cultural roots • “Ballad of the Landlord”
“Merry-Go-Round” Where is the Jim Crow section On this merry-go-round, Mister, cause I want to ride? Down South where I come from White and colored Can’t sit side by side. Down South on the train There’s a Jim Crow car. On the bus we’re put in the back- But there ain’t no back To a merry-go-round! Where’s the horse For a kid that’s black?
Duke Ellington • JazzMusician • Pianist and Composer • “It Don’t Mean a Thing” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDQpZT3GhDg • What do you see, hear? What does the song make you feel? Sad, Happy, etc?
Louis Armstrong • Jazz Musician • Singer and Trumpet Player • “What a Wonderful World” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E2VCwBzGdPM http://youtu.be/2nGKqH26xlg • What do you see, hear? How does the music make you feel? Happy, sad, etc?
Bessie Smith • Blues singer • “Nobody Knows You When You’re Down and Out” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6MzU8xM99Uo • What do you see, hear? How does the music make you feel? Happy, sad, etc?
Warm Up • On a separate piece of paper, choose either a school day or a weekend day and list what you do from wake up to sleep. • My morning: • Alarm • Bathroom • Get dressed, fix hair • Daughter announces her clock is green • Get children dressed for daycare • Eat breakfast • Pack children’s daycare bag • Brush teeth • Shoes/Coats • Drive to daycare/school
Content: Determine which daily activities would not be possible without the advances in the 1920s. • Language: Use words or sketches to describe the results of Prohibition. Objectives:
1920’s Changes • The following developments changed American life and the standard of living • Transportation • Factory and labor productivity • Electrification • Communication • Prohibition
Daily Activities • As you learn about each advancement, think about your list from the beginning of class. • Cross off any activity that would change if those item(s) had not been developed.
Airplane • The Wright Brothers invented the first airplane in 1903. • The first flight happened in North Carolina http://youtu.be/T5o-fhBKf8Y • By 1920s, first commercial airports appear
Automobile • While others used it before, HenryFordhas been credited with perfecting the assembly line. • Henry Ford used the assembly line to produce his Model Tcars faster and cheaper. • Led to the rise of mechanization -machines do the job instead of a person
Results of Improved Transportation • Greatermobility • Creation of jobs • Growth of transportation-related industries (road construction, oil, steel, automobile) • Movement to suburban areas
Electricity • Thomas Edison perfected the lightbulb • Electricity changed American Life • Washing machines, electric stoves, and water pumps saved a lot of timeandlabor • Electric lighting made it possible to do work into the night • Improved communication powered by electricity
Innovations • Telephones were more readily available • Increased speed of communication • Development of motion pictures (movies) • First silent and then with sound http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DfGs2Y5WJ14&feature=related
GuglielmoMarconi has been credited with inventing the radio • Focused on wireless telegraphy • Radio provided a new kind of entertainment
Broadcasting • David Sarnoff was a pioneer in the broadcast industry first with bringing radio to the masses and then later television • Founded the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) http://youtu.be/RN7ftyZigYs
Daily Activities Wrap Up • How many things would you be able to do from your list without the assistance of technology? • Are you surprised? Why or why not?
The temperance movementworked to ban alcohol Prohibition was imposed by a constitutional amendment (18thAmendment) that made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages. Prohibition Review
Prohibition can be used to describe the law that banned alcohol OR the period in US History when alcohol was illegal http://youtu.be/RN7ftyZigYs
Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink alcoholic beverages. The Results of Prohibition
Bootleggers smuggled illegal alcohol and promoted organized crime • Organizedcrime – groups of people conducting illegal activities to make a profit. • AlCapone was the most famous “American Gangster” http://youtu.be/wgFWsJTA6lI